The Uzbekistan flag has three horizontal blue stripes bordered by red and green edges. The flag was formally adopted on 18 November 1991 as a replacement for the flag of the Soviet Socialist Republic of Uzbekistan (SSR).
This flag has been used since the independence of Uzbekistan in 1991. Like all national flags, this flag is a symbol of the country’s sovereignty.
Uzbekistan is a country with an ancient history. For example, it played a key role in the Silk Road trade, whose main routes ran east and west through Uzbekistan. The first known flag in this region was used from 1991 to 1526.
It was the flag of the Timurid Empire and included a black square with three red circles off-center. At the top and bottom right of the flag was a quarter of a white circle.
The Uzbek people take their name from Uzbek Khan (1340-1312). After conquering the states under the control of the Timurid Empire around 1510, the Uzbeks controlled the areas between the Amu Darya River and the Sir-Darya River southeast of the Aral Sea.
From 1511 to 1917, the area raised a new flag, which included a white background with a light blue crescent in the upper left corner.
In 1785, the Emirate of Bukhara was established and became the second state in the northern and eastern steppes of present-day Uzbekistan after the Khiva dynasty.
In addition, the Bukhara Khanate included parts of what is now the Republic of Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan. The area had its own flag, which consisted of a thick green background with a gold border, and black ornaments on the gold border.
Inside the green background were closed hands, a crescent moon, a star, and some text. In 1917, the flag of the Khiva Khanate was changed to a black, green, and horizontal striped flag. In the center of the flag was a golden crescent and a star.
This flag was used from 1917 to 1920. In 1917, an unknown country was created and became known as Kokand Autonomy. This land existed only from November 27, 1917, to February 22, 1918, and had its own flag.
The flag was red and blue in two colors, with a white crescent in the middle and five white feathers next to the star crescent.
In 1865, fighting broke out between Russia and Uzbekistan, and eventually, Khiva and Bukhara became protected by Russia. The flag adopted for the two regions was a black-yellow-white tricolor horizontal striped flag.
In 1876 Kokand joined the Russian Empire. Around 1883, the flag of the Russian Empire was changed to a simple white-blue-red tricolor. The Red Army later conquered Khiva and Bukhara in the Russian Civil War.
After his arrest on February 2, 1920, Khiva became the People’s Republic of Khorezm. Therefore, a new flag was adopted for this land, which included a red background with a green rectangle in the upper left corner. Inside the rectangle was a yellow crescent moon, a star, a sickle, a spear, and a plant.
Troops later occupied Bukhara in September 1920 and became the Soviet Republic of Bukhara.
The new republic placed a new flag consisting of a green-red horizontal bar with a golden crescent and a star in the center, which had a hammer intersecting with a sickle.
One of the first regions to become the Soviet Autonomous Republic was the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of Turkestan. The flag of this land consisted of a simple red part with a yellow text in the upper left corner. In 1921, the flag changed slightly with the addition of a white box around the text in the upper left corner.
In December 1922, Uzbekistan became the Union Republic of the Soviet Socialist Republic. Later, in 1925, the United States became the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of Karakalpak.
From 1934 to 1937, the republic adopted a different flag, which included a red section with the name of the republic in gold in the upper left corner.
The Soviet Union collapsed in 1991 and Uzbekistan became an independent state with a new flag. The Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of Karakalpak also became Karakalpakstan, then the Autonomous Republic of Uzbekistan.
The Karakalpakstan flag consisted of three horizontal blue-gold-green colors divided by two red edges in the center. In the upper left corner was a white crescent with five white stars. Currently, the flag is still in use and Karakalpakstan exists in Uzbekistan as an autonomous republic.
The Republic of Uzbekistan adopted a new flag in 1991 after the fall of the Soviet Union, which included the three colors blue, white, green, and red edges of the white stripe that are still in use today.
There are cultural, regional, and political symbols in the design of the Uzbek flag. These colors are to show peace, purity, water, and sky.
Nature and fertility are also represented by the flag, while the crescent moon symbolizes the “rebirth” of the nation as an independent state. It is also a symbol of Islam. The narrow stripes on the flag signify the “life force” found in all people.
The twelve stars found on the flag represent the months of the Islamic calendar and the zodiac constellations.
The Uzbek flag has several colors. There is a horizontal strip of blue, white and green. The blue bar represents the sky and water.
White represents purity and peace. Green is a symbol of nature and fertility and is also a color of Islam. The flag also has thin white stripes that surround the white stripe.
Finally, the canton has a white moon crescent and twelve white stars.
Uzbekistan Flag Color Codes
- The design of the current flag is inspired by the Soviet flag that was used before.
- The crescent moon on the flag represents the Islamic religion, which is observed by 88% of the country’s population.
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The Republic of Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan, officially the Republic of Uzbekistan, is a landlocked country in Central Asia. It shares borders with Kazakhstan to the north, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan to the west, and Afghanistan and Turkmenistan to the south.
It covers an area of 448,978 square kilometers, the “56th largest country” and has an estimated population of 33.4 million.
Uzbekistan is the most populous country in Central Asia. The capital and largest city of this country are Tashkent. The official language of the country is Uzbek, written in Latin and Cyrillic. The third currency of the country is Uzbekistan. The capital is Tashkent.
The Iranian people of Tabar were the original inhabitants of the Uzbek region. The ancient languages common in this region were Sogdian, Kharazmi, and Middle Persian.
The first people to settle in Central Asia were the Persian Scythians, who had entered the northern plains of present-day Uzbekistan and other surrounding areas in the first millennium BC.
After settling in these areas, the nomads built an extensive irrigation system around the rivers of Central Asia.
During this time, cities such as Bukhara and Samarkand established as governmental and cultural centers. In the fifth century BC, countries of the Persian, Western and Sogdian tribes, as well as the Indo-European Takhari, dominated all of these areas.
After China began to expand the Silk Road to the west, Iranian cities also took advantage of this trade opportunity to become commercial centers. Sogdian merchants, in particular, made large profits by using a network of cities and settlements in the Trans-Euphrates and Takharian regions (modern-day Turkestan, China, Xinjiang).
Sogdian merchants gradually became the richest Iranian merchants, and as a result, the cities of Bukhara and Samarkand also became very rich cities, and thus Farrood became one of the most powerful and influential states of Iran in ancient times.
In 327 BC, Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire. The modern-day provinces of Sughd and western Uzbekistan were also part of Alexander the Great.
According to historians, the resistance of the people of these areas against Alexander’s army was very strong and caused his forces to always be involved in these areas.
In the period before and after, the region of Uzbekistan has always been part of the Persian Empire for centuries, in the territory of the Parthians, Sassanids, and so on. The Heptalians and Gokturks also gained part of these areas at times.
In the eighth century AD, the Arabs invaded Transoxiana and, with their knowledge, gradually spread Islam in Central Asia. With the passage of time and the teaching of the Arabic language in this region, the Persian language of Transoxiana was also written in Arabic script and the level of literacy in this region increased. They wrote in Arabic and Persian.
In the 10th century, present-day Uzbekistan was part of the Samanid Empire. During the Samanid period, the first Persian-speaking poets established Persian literature in cities such as Samarkand and Bukhara. Another turning point in the formation of Sufism at that time was the formation and spread of various methods.
The present-day region of Uzbekistan later became part of the Ghaznavid, Seljuk, Khwarezm Shahian, Ilkhanid, Timurid, and Uzbek governments, respectively.
Until the mid-nineteenth century, the three Khanates of Fergana, Bukhara (southern Uzbekistan) and Khiva (western and northern Uzbekistan) had independent affiliates.
After the Russian Empire invaded Central Asia in 1866, these khanates came under Russian colonial rule.
After the Russian Revolution of 1917, the ruling Bolsheviks established the division of Central Asia on the basis of ethnic-linguistic identities. But in this division, political, economic, and even military interests sometimes considered; Thus, in 1924, the Bolshevik government assembled all three khanates in the Socialist Republic of Uzbekistan to prevent protracted historical conflicts.
At the beginning of Soviet rule in the Soviet Union, there were many signs of tribal and provincial strife between the eastern and western parts of central and central Uzbekistan. Every ethnic group and every province demanded a greater share of power.
In the process of consolidating the foundations of Soviet governance, although the power-seeking power of the tribes and provinces was disrupted, this ethnic-provincial power-seeking in various forms continued until the end of the Soviet rule.
Uzbekistan gained independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. During this period, Islam Karimov used these ethnic conflicts and tensions between the provinces to weaken their position.
Meanwhile, due to the backwardness of the Fergana Valley, there is a great tendency among the people of this region to Islamic fundamentalism.
Uzbekistan has the fourth largest gold reserves in the world. It mines 80 tons of gold a year, the seventh largest in the world.
Uzbekistan has the 10th largest copper reserves in the world and the 12th largest uranium reserves. It is the seventh-largest producer of uranium in the world.
Uzbekistan Gas Company, the national gas company of Uzbekistan, is the 11th largest natural gas producer in the world with an annual production of 60 to 70 billion cubic meters (2.1-2.5 billion cubic feet).
The country has significant untapped oil and gas reserves: there are 194 hydrocarbon reserves, including 98 natural gas and gas condensate reserves in Uzbekistan.
It is very common in Uzbek culture that people try to treat each other calmly, in this country people generally solve all problems simply and without ambiguity.
Cultural policies in Uzbekistan have changed a lot in recent years, but the cultural situation in the country has generally followed certain categories. The language of Uzbekistan has a very sweet accent.
In the culture of Uzbekistan in general, abdominal cultivation is very rare and the people of this country consider contentment as an important part of their lives.
Life in Uzbekistan is governed by certain beliefs and laws, as assessments show that the cultural situation of the people in Uzbekistan has become more modern in recent years. The hijab of Uzbekistan is generally simple and veiled.
The culture of life has changed in every city in Uzbekistan. The flag of Uzbekistan is based on modern cultures.
There are many architectural styles in Uzbekistan and the geography of Uzbekistan connected with architecture and history. Uzbekistan is located in Central Asia and borders with Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan, as well as Afghanistan.
There are 12 provinces in this country. Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan.
The country has a population of more than 32 million and more than 80 percent of the population is Uzbek.
Uzbekistan has a continental climate with little rainfall at certain times of the year. Uzbekistan has long, hot summers, but the winters are mild and have a regional climate.