The Syrian flag has three horizontal stripes of red, white, and black, and in the middle of the white flag are two five-pointed green stars. The Syrian national flag was originally adopted on February 22, 1958. The latest version was updated on March 30, 1980.
The first Syrian flag was introduced in 1918. This flag was for the Kingdom of Syria and used until 1920. The flag had a black, green, and white tribune background with a red triangle on the elevator side with a white star in the center.
When the French entered Syria, a new flag was introduced. The flag had a triple horizontal green and white design with three French colors in the canton. This flag used from 1920 to 1932.
When the nation gained its independence and established the Syrian Republic, a new flag was adopted. This flag became known as the flag of independence. This flag used from 1932 to 1958 and then again from 1961 to 1963.
Finally, the flag was reused by the Syrian National Coalition against the Syrian government and is one of two flags in use today.
The first Syrian Batiste flags used in 1958. The original flag used until 1961 before the use of the two new designs. In 1980, the government returned to the original flag and it is still used today.
Because there are two governments trying to gain power during the Syrian civil war, two flags are currently in use.
What is probably different about the Syrian flag is that from 2018, the country does not have only one national flag, but two flags. A flag used by the Assad government.
This flag is based on the flag of Arab freedom and has four colors that represent four dynasties of Arab history: Hashemites, Fatimids, Abbasids, and Umayyads.
The Syrian National Coalition and the Syrian Provisional Government use another national flag. The plan is a modified version of the Independence Flag, first used in 1932 and rebuilt in opposition to the government.
The national flag of the Syrian Arab Republic has four colors: red, white, black, and green. Red, black and white used to form the horizontal background of the flag.
The color green used in two five-pointed stars located in the central white bar. Red is a symbol of the Hashemi family and the struggle for independence.
Whites represent the Umayyad dynasty and a bright future. The green stars represent the Fatimid dynasty, with one star standing for Egypt and another for Syria. Finally, it is a blackmail of the Abbasid family and the oppression of the nation.
The flag of the Syrian National Coalition is somewhat similar to the flag of the Syrian Arab Republic. It has a triple design but its colors are green, white, and black. Instead of two green stars, the flag has three red stars on the white bar.
Syrian Flag Color Codes
- Each Syrian country once had its own flag.
- Due to the Syrian civil war, this nation is the only one that uses two different flags at the same time.
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The Arab Republic of Syria
Syria, officially the Arab Republic of Syria, is a country in southwest Asia along the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea.
The ruling party is the Ba’athist Socialist Party. It is bordered by Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Lebanon and the Mediterranean to the west, Israel and Palestine to the southwest, and Jordan to the south. Damascus is the capital of Syria and Aleppo is its largest city.
Syria’s position in West Asia and the east coast of the Mediterranean has historically given it a strategic position. The Syrian civil war started on January 26, 2011, and has caused widespread destruction and insecurity in the country.
Today’s Syria, which used to be part of the Levant along with Jordan, Lebanon, and Palestine, has a long history, dating back to about 5,000 years ago. Since this land has had a brilliant culture and civilization during the mentioned period, it has left traces and signs of this civilization.
Before the Muslim domination of this country, different ethnic groups, including: Semitic, Amorite, Aramaic, Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, Roman and Persian ethnic groups, who from time to time made this country their settlement or invaded it. They have left signs of their own civilization for later times.
In the third millennium BC, the Sami people settled in this land and formed a government that lasted until 350 BC.
In the late 11th century BC, another people called the Aramaeans settled in the country. It was then occupied by the Assyrian government. This region was captured by the New Babylonian Empire.
Also, after the defeat of the Babylonian government by Cyrus the Great in 50 BC, these regions joined the Achaemenid Empire and became part of the satrapies of this empire.
This region, along with most of Alexander’s Asian conquests, reached Seleucus I, the Macedonian general and founder of the Seleucid Empire, After the fall of the Achaemenids by Alexander the Great and then the division of the conquered territory between his generals (Diadochoi).
In 60 BC, with the defeat of the last Seleucid ruler of the Roman Republic, it joined Rome as a Syrian province.
In 140 AD, after the division of the Roman Empire into Eastern and Western Rome, the country became part of the territory and empire of the Byzantine Empire.
The Byzantine domination of Syria gradually weakened until it was conquered in the first century AH (seventh century AD), during the caliphate of Abu Bakr, Khalid ibn Walid.
With the conquest of Syria in the year thirteen or sixteen AH by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, the culture of this new religion overcame the civilizations of several centuries of the mentioned tribes.
In the fifth and sixth centuries AH, which was accompanied by the Crusades, very powerful and religious rulers in this country ascended the throne and raised the flag of the Islamic war against the Crusaders and the Romans.
In the following centuries, the Mamluks and finally the Ottoman Turks, after conquering this land, continued the policy of their pioneers and while protecting and rebuilding those Islamic monuments, they also built other buildings.
Since 2015, the Syrian economy has relied on inherently unreliable sources of income, including customs and income tax cuts, which have been strongly boosted by a credit line from Iran.
The Syrian economy has shrunk by 60% and the Syrian pound has lost 80% of its value, which is part of the government and part of the war economy.
At the beginning of the Syrian civil war, it was classified by the World Bank as a “low- and middle-income country.”
In 2010, Syria remained dependent on the oil and agricultural sectors. The oil sector provided about 40% of export earnings. Proven sea voyages indicate that there is a large amount of oil on the Mediterranean floor between Syria and Cyprus.
The agricultural sector contributes 20% of GDP and 20% of employment. Oil reserves will decline in the coming years, and Syria is now a net importer of oil.
Since the start of the civil war, the economy has shrunk by 35 percent and the Syrian pound has fallen to one-sixth of the pre-war value.
Syria is a traditional society with a long cultural history. What matters is family, religion, education, self-discipline and respect.
The Syrian taste for traditional arts is expressed in dances such as al-Samah, Dabka in any kind of change, and sword dance. Marriage and childbirth ceremonies are occasions for a lively display of customs.
Syria is located between latitudes 32 degrees and 38 degrees north and longitudes 35 degrees and 43 degrees Celsius.
The climate varies from the humid shores of the Mediterranean, through a semi-arid steppe zone, to the arid desert in the east.
The country is made up mostly of arid plateaus, although the northwestern part borders the Mediterranean relatively green. Algeria is to the northeast and Horan to the south are important agricultural areas.
The Euphrates, Syria’s most important river, flows east of the country. Syria is one of the fifteen countries that form the so-called “cradle of civilization”. Its territory is located in the “Northwest of Saudi Arabia”.
Commercial quantities of oil were first discovered in 1956 in the Northeast. The most important oil fields are Sweden, Qaratshui, Romani and Taim near Deir ez-Zor.
These squares are the natural extension of the Iraqi areas of Mosul and Kirkuk. After 1974, oil became the main source of Syrian exports. In 1940, natural gas was discovered in Jebsa field.