The Sweden flag consists of a yellow or gold Nordic cross (for example, an irregular flat cross, with a crossbeam earlier than the fly, with the cross extending in favor of the Swedish flag) on a blue background. The designed Nordic cross usually indicates it.
The design and colors of the Swedish flag are thought to have been fascinated by the current Swedish coat of arms in 1442, which the blue destroys quarterly with a gold ribbon, modeled on the Danish flag. Blue and yellow have been used as Swedish colors, at least since the royal emblem of King Magnus III in 1275
In the fourteenth period, the Folkung dynasty covered the protection of blue and white wavy stripes with golden lion.
The Swedish national emblem, which dates back to the 14th century, has a blue shield with three golden tops. These codes may be the basis for the blue and yellow Swedish flags that were recorded in later years, the first example (from the late 14th century) was simply a smooth smooth stripe.
Following the use of the eccentric Scandinavian cross in the initial context, it was certainly influenced by the white and red flags similar to Denmark, Sweden’s main rival.
In 1815, Norway and Sweden were ruled by one king. These two kingdoms were considered equal. To determine this, the “Union emblem” was at the top of both the Norwegian and Swedish flags.
The first version was a crimson white on red. The division logo based on the Norwegian and Swedish flags was later removed. After the liberation of Norway in 1905, Sweden passed its current flag law on June 22, 1906, but the Swedes are happy with June 6 as Flag Day. The swallowtail flag is used by the army.
Meaning and colors
The national flag is blue with a Nordic or Scandinavian yellow cross (a representation of Christianity) extending to the border. The actual intersection of the cross is located slightly to the left of the center. Also, the left is where it is raised and the left half of the flag is called the hoist. Blue is a symbol of truth, vigilance, perseverance, loyalty, and justice; While yellow represents generosity.
The colors of this flag are considered to be inspired by the Swedish national emblem, which is blue and gold.
The design and shape of the current flag have been in use since June 1906. Although the current flag is rectangular, in the past few days it had two tails and three tails. All Scandinavian countries have the Scandinavian cross on their national flags.
No one can use the state flag without proper permission. How to raise the flag of the country has meaning and etiquette in its use, which is strictly implemented. The flag is raised or raised quickly on the flagpole and lowered slowly with more ceremony.
An inverted flag indicates distress. While a half-raised flag (half removed from the flagpole) shows grief or mourning. It is not at all honorable to raise a flag along the floor and it shows disrespect to Sweden.
It is very disrespectful to draw, mark, tear or decorate a flag with any additional markings and decorations. When the Swedish flag wears out with age, it is recommended that you remove it respectfully.
Sweden Flag Color Codes
|Name: Midnight Blue|
RGB: (0, 75, 135)
CMYK: 1, 0.444, 0, 0.470
|Name: Tangerine Yellow|
RGB: (255, 205, 0)
CMYK: 0, 0.196, 1, 0
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The Kingdom of Sweden
Sweden, officially the Kingdom of Sweden, is a country in northern Europe on the Scandinavian Peninsula. It is bordered by Norway to the west, Finland to the northeast, the Gulf of Bothnia to the east, the Baltic Sea to the southeast, and Denmark to the southwest.
The name of this country in Persian is derived from its name in French (Suède). Stockholm is the capital and largest city of the country.
With an area of 450,295 square kilometers, Sweden is about the size of Iraq and the fourth largest country in Europe (the fifth largest country in Europe, including the European part of Russia) in terms of area.
Sweden has a population of over 10 million, of which approximately 7.9 million are people born in Sweden. The country has a low population density of 21 people per square kilometer, and most of this population is located in southern Sweden. More than 85% of Swedes also live in urban areas.
The history of this country, like most ancient countries, has a beginning mixed with myths and legends, periods when kings and rulers were considered legendary heroes.
About 2,000 years ago, the dense ice of the Scandinavian Peninsula began to melt and gradually receded from north to south.
At that time there were people living in present-day northern Germany and southern Scandinavia whose origins we are unaware of. They set out in search of ice and suddenly found the land covered with dense forests full of lakes, ponds. The earliest records of a powerful people called the Assyrians in this land, these people were rich and poor, and its leaders and leaders relied on their wealth.
The Assyrians followed a single king in the king-priestly system, looking at the king as a great priest, and their power depended especially on the organization of their navy.
A large, hard, and devastating invasion by these northern peoples swept Scandinavia and Europe. The North, called the Vikings, invaded European countries and cities, looted wherever they could, traded and traded wherever they could, and sometimes settled.
The northern tribes, later called the Normans, advanced as far as the Mediterranean and sailed with their ships into the great rivers, destroying them wherever they entered and massacring the inhabitants and looting their property.
These bandits and assassins captured the northwestern part of France, now called Normandy, as well as southern Italy and Sicily, and gradually settled in these areas and became large landowners and nobles.
The word Viking, derived from the Viking word meaning bay, refers to the people who lived around the Oslo Basins. The reason was.
The Viking invasions led to several conquests of Britain and parts of France, and their aggression extended to Constantinople and even the Caspian Sea and the borders of Iran.
Around the year 1000, Sweden had a very simple organization, an organization that it had maintained for a long time.
The land of Sweden made up of various states that had links with each other, which were autonomous in the internal affairs of these states.
At the national level, there was a general assembly called the Tings, whose special task was such as war and peace, and the determination of the types of taxes and their amount was its next task.
The adoption and implementation of laws and judicial rulings were also in the duties of the Tings. It was located.
In addition to the monarchy, the king also held a clerical position, which delegated to the king by Tinges. The king’s clerical position continued until Christianity, but in the Middle Ages this system collapsed and the king took full power.
In the Middle Ages, with the arrival of Christianity in Sweden, wide-ranging disputes and conflicts broke out between the followers of Christianity and the adherents of traditional religions.
The sacrificial rites for the gods sealed them, and with this commitment, he succeeds Inge.
At the beginning of the twelfth century, a king named Aswerker came to the throne. He was a Christian from the Gregorian denomination. According to the orders of this denomination, the church had supernatural powers and laws.
Eric Edwardson came to the throne after him. He founded a dynasty known as the Eric Dynasty. Eric’s historical character intertwined with myth and religion.
Eric on the Day of Christ’s Ascension The Danish prince assassinated and became known as a martyr.
During the reign of Knut, son of Eric, a special connection established between Germany and Sweden, which began with the arrival of a number of German miners whom Knut considered necessary for the industrialization of the country, these miners became the pioneers of industrialization in Sweden.
Not so long ago, Sweden was one of the poorest countries in Europe until the late 18th century, but later Sweden’s economic growth began. After World War II, this economic growth accelerated, the country’s net national income rose, and economic growth flourished. Sweden, like other relatively small industrialized countries, depends on exports of industrial products, which are currently experiencing high growth in the balance between exports and imports.
The country’s GDP in 2006 was $ 1.12 trillion, up 4.5 percent from the previous year. The country’s unemployment rate is 5.6 percent. Statistics on the population below the poverty line are not available, but this figure does not seem to be too high.
Swedish is a member of the Indo-European family of Germanic languages and is closely related to Norwegian and Danish.
These three languages are very close to each other and most of their speakers can communicate with each other in their own language. Swedish is the official language of Sweden.
In some northern parts of the country, Finnish is also spoken. There are four climatic languages spoken in Sweden: Finnish, Thorndal, Romanian (Gypsy) and Yiddish (Jewish).
To a certain extent, Swedish citizens have the right to use these languages in interaction with government agencies, and they also have the right to use Finnish and Semitic languages in the care of children and adults.
Lutheran Protestant Christianity is the largest religion in Sweden, with 66% of the Swedish Church. Other Christian denominations in Sweden include Catholic and Eastern Orthodox.
According to a document called “International Religious Freedom” by the US State Department, Islam is the second-largest religion in Sweden, with 5% of the population. The rest of the population are either atheists or belong to other religions.
Sweden is located in northern Europe and east of the Scandinavian Peninsula. It is bordered by the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia to the east and is separated from Norway by the Scandinavian Range to the east. The length of the Swedish-Norwegian border is 1619 km.
Northern Sweden is in the Arctic Circle, where the midnight sun is visible. There are about 100,000 lakes in Sweden, which cover one-tenth of Sweden’s area. Two-thirds of Sweden is covered by forests.