Flag of the Republic of South Africa


The South Africa flag was designed in March 1994 and adopted on April 27, 1994, at the start of the 1994 South African general election, replacing the flag used since 1928.

Also, the new national flag, designed by the then Herald government of then-South Africa Frederick Brownell, was chosen to represent the country’s new post-apartheid democracy.

south african flag

The flag has red (blue) and blue (bottom) horizontal stripes of equal width, separated by a central green band divided horizontally by a “Y”, the arms ending at the corners. Lift side (and follow the flag diagonally).

The “Y” is a black equilateral triangle that separates the arms with thin yellow or gold stripes. Also, the red and blue stripes separated from the green band and its arms by narrow, white stripes.

End bands are 5: 1: 3: 1: 5. Three colors of the flag are from the flag of the Republic of South Africa and the Jack Union, while the remaining three colors are from the flag of the African National Congress.


This flag design originated in the former South African Herald state known as Fred Brownell. The flag was first hoisted on April 27, 1994. The decision to accept the Brownell flag was not an easy one.

In 1993, a public competition was held to find a new plan for the new nation.

The National Symbols Commission has received more than 7,000 entries. Out of 7,000, only six proposals have been submitted to the Negotiating Council and the public.

However, none of the plans were satisfactory. The committee assisted some design councils with ideas for new flags. No plans have been selected yet. It was on March 15, 1994, that the Transitional Executive Council approved the Brownell Plan.

Prior to 1994, the flag used was based on the Orange-Nassau (William Orange) flag of the Dutch Prince William. The flag consisted of three main colors: orange, white, and blue.

The colors appear in three horizontal bars with orange at the top, white in the middle and blue at the bottom.

In the middle of the white bar were three small flags connected. The three flags were the flag of the Free Orange State, the flag of the Red Flag of England, and the flag of the Republic of South Africa in the center.

Also, the country was torn at that time, different regions took different flags. In 1928, the red flag with the British flag was in the upper left corner. The flag of the time consisted of the UK Jack Union in the lower right corner of the red emblem.

Although the country became a republic in 1961, the secession of blacks was still a conflict. The majority of Africans despised the red flag with the symbol of England.

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Only after 1971 was the British flag replaced by the Dutch flag.

The South African flag is designed to unite the flag under one flag. The flag was formed as part of the negotiation process that began with the release of Nelson Mandela from prison in 1990. These three colors of the flag are taken from the flag of the Boer Republic. These colors include red, white, and blue. However, in the Boer flag, it was orange instead of red.

The colors yellow, black and green are found on the flag of the African National Congress (ANC). There was a consensus that the flag should not have any official symbol due to the country’s diverse cultures and turbulent past. However, according to the flag designer, red is a symbol of bloodshed in various wars and conflicts in the country.

The flag, which is still in use after 1994, has aroused a great deal of emotion. For some, the flag is a symbol of the rainbow nation, a nation with a diverse and rich culture. For others, however, the flag is a symbol of white supremacy and apartheid.


The modern design of the South African national flag is designed to show unity. Three colors of the flag are taken from the flag of the Boer Republics, while the remaining three colors are taken from the flag of the African National Congress.

The national flag was designed by Frederick Brownell, of the former South African Herald State, to represent the country’s post-apartheid democracy.


The main design symbol of the national flag is the “Y” shape. This figure represents the convergence of many diverse elements in South African society and the integration of history and political realities into a common path to a unified future.

The South African national flag, a symbol of unity and progress, is the only six-color national flag in the world. Designs and colors are intended to represent all diverse segments of the population by uniting them as a goal.

While there are many interpretations of the color symbolism of the South African flag, there are no official documents of recorded color codes. Individual colors have different meanings for different people, so the South African flag can be preserved without global symbolism.

Instead, the national flag design should be commended for its diverse display in South African society, and the different ethnic groups that are moving forward in the new and united South Africa.

Flag colors

The South African flag is one of the most colorful, with a total of six colors. Red, white and blue are taken from the flags of the Boer Republics.

The remaining three colors – green, black, and gold – are taken from the flag of the African National Congress. Green means to symbolize the fertility of the earth, black represents the people of the country, while gold represents the mineral wealth of the country.

The flag has two horizontal colors red and blue, a black triangle in the elevator and a central band that is divided into a “Y” that is green. The green bar and Y arms are trimmed in white, while the inside of the Y is trimmed in gold.

South Africa Flag Color Codes

000000 - Black color image previewName: Black
Hex: #000000
RGB: (0, 0, 0)
007a4d - Philippine Green color image previewName: Philippine Green
Hex: #007A4D
RGB: (0, 122, 77)
CMYK: 1, 0, 0.368, 0.521
de3831 - CG Red color image previewName: CG Red
Hex: #DE3831
RGB: (222, 56, 49)
CMYK: 0, 0.747, 0.779, 0.129
ffb612 - Spanish Yellow color image previewName: Spanish Yellow
Hex: #FFB612
RGB: (255, 182, 18)
CMYK: 0, 0.286, 0.929, 0
ffffff - White color image previewName: White
RGB: (255, 255, 255)
CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0
002395 - Imperial Blue color image previewName: Imperial Blue
Hex: #002395
RGB: (0, 35, 149)
CMYK: 1, 0.765, 0, 0.415
South Africa Flag Color Codes

Pictures Of the Flag of South Africa

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Download free images of the flag of South Africa in four formats (PNG, JPG, Icon and SVG)

Flag facts

  • South Africa does not have a set of official rules for the general public when flying or flying the national flag. However, rules for flag stations designated by the South African government are described.
  • When the South African flag was first adopted, it was the first in the world to have six colors without a symbol or seal.

The Republic of South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is a country on the coast of the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans. With a population of 58.5 million, it is the fourth most populous country in sub-Saharan Africa.

The Republic of South Africa has borders with Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland, and Lesotho (a country enclosed in South Africa).

Map of South Africa. A detail from the World Map.


The history of South Africa has many ups and downs, so if the history of this country is to be explained accurately, it may take days.

The growth of South Africa is very different from other countries for two reasons. The history of South Africa begins with the migration of seafarers who entered the country through trade.

European sailors were the first to trade waterways. A Portuguese explorer named Diaz is very prominent in history, when he returns to his country, he discovers a place called the Cape of Storms.

After 1488, some fishing groups, including Portuguese sailors, settled on the coast. But no more information is available. In 1653, John Rysbeck arrived in South Africa on behalf of Indian companies, and in the 17th and 18th centuries the Dutch population grew so large that we witnessed many wars for land and livestock. The history of this country is full of strange struggles.

The culture of the people

The core of South Africa is the family so that the various tribes in this country have a lot of respect for each other.

The country still has a traditional society so that women do not have the right to raise their voices for men and men to have a higher value in it. People living in rural areas have very different opinions than urban people.

Life in the cities of this country is fast and a kind of machine. People in different cities of this country are very proud of their city, and this is evident from the way these people speak. Long-term friendships can be seen in this country.

The customs and traditions that are seen for greetings are different between different teams in this country, and each nation conducts greetings according to its own customs and traditions.

People in South Africa shake hands with foreigners and are very interested in making eye contact. Giving a gift is an important part of life, so they use chocolate as a gift and choose white packaging. The gift opens as soon as it is received.

You have to arrive on time for dinner parties and usually being late in this country will not be a good option. At parties, people wear comfortable clothes. Helping the host is part of the culture of the people of this country.

All business relationships take place in companies and people are required to wear formal clothes and communicate well with each other. In this country, equal and equal positions are seen.

The style of communication is generally considered according to the cultural heritage of this country. In this country, they use their hands to explain one more issue. The hijab is free in South Africa and people wear comfortable clothes.


South Africa is located in the southernmost part of the African continent and is a country that has another country at its heart.

More precisely, South Africa is located on the shores of the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. It has borders with Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Lesotho. The country in the heart of this country is Lesotho.

Different parts of this semi-desert country have been declared. In the eastern parts, we see tropical grasslands called wells. The most important rivers in South Africa are Ovan, Limpopo, and Wall.

The climate of South Africa is generally very diverse. Between December and February, we see very hot weather in this country, while the highest rainfall occurs in the east coast of the country.

In general, most of the land of this country has been declared dry. South Africa has three different capitals. The most populous city in South Africa is called Johannesburg. The major cities in South Africa are Bloom Fontaine, Durba, Soweto, and Port.

Geographically Location of South Africa

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