The Saudi Arabia flag with white Arabic text and a sword under it is green. The sword is in a horizontal position and its tip is facing the elevator.
The Arabic text لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا الله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ الله (lā ʾilāha ʾillā-llāh, muhammadun rasūlu-llāh) is the Islamic declaration of faith: “There is no god but God. Muhammad is the Messenger of God.”
The use of Shahada (Islamic belief) on flags dates back to the eighteenth century among Arab countries. Before the creation of the independent state of Saudi Arabia, it had four separate and distinct regions. These were Najd, Hejaz, Al-Ahsa, and Asir.
They used several flag changes before the unification of the regions and the official declaration of the flag.
These flags include the first flag of Saudi Arabia used by the original caliphate, the Umayyad Caliphate. White was simple.
The Abbasid Caliphate raised its flag between 750 and 1517. In 1836, the Al-Rasheed Emirate in 1836 partially controlled Saudi Arabia.
They had a flag like the flag of the Ottoman Empire with a simple red background with an eight-pointed star and a yellow crescent moon.
The steady green color on the flag has its roots in the Wahhabis, an eighteenth-century reform movement. They were the religious motives that helped bring the Al Saud family to power.
The Emirate of Riyadh created the third Saudi Arabia in 1902 and adopted a green flag with white vertical stripes and white Arabic texts. Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud added a sword in 1902 when he introduced himself as King Nejd.
Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud was the first king of Saudi Arabia. He established Saudi Arabia by uniting the four regions that make up the kingdom. Al-Saud began this work with the conquest of its ancestral home in Riyadh in 1902.
After that, he continued the conquests for three decades to rule almost all of central Saudi Arabia. He moved from Najd to Hejaz in 1922, then expanded his dominions to present-day Saudi Arabia.
Hejaz considered itself separate from Saudi Arabia before the conquest of Al Saud.
In 1917, they began using the Arab uprising, which included black, green, and white horizontally, plus a red triangle on the right.
Hejazi changed the order of the three colors to black-white-green. In 1921, Najd adopted a flag similar to the current one used in Saudi Arabia. He had a green field and a sword.
In 1926, they removed the dagger and replaced the white border. The flag of Hejaz also became an extended version of the flag of Hail.
In 1932, Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud expanded his monarchy to Hejaz and Najd and merged to become Saudi Arabia. After the alliance, they proclaimed the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and the flag was officially established.
They adopted a green flag with a white vertical stripe, a sheathed Scythian sword, and an Arabic script written on the green flag. They reduced the thickness of the white tape in 1934 and completely eliminated it by 1938.
The current flag was adopted in 1973 and had a green square, a straight sword and the Arabic slogan Shahada.
The sword points to the left when words are from right to left. Historically, religious inscriptions were popular with Arab governments.
The Muslim religion forbade the use of the art of representation. Calligraphy was then a better option for the slogan of martyrs because it was a very advanced art at that time.
The Saudi flag is currently the only flag written as the main symbolic design.
Colors and Meaning
The flag of Saudi Arabia has a length to width ratio of 3: 2. These are two colors – white and green. The color green represents Islam and it is also the favorite color of the Prophet Muhammad.
This color, however, was initially chosen by the Wahhabi sect. Green has its connections with the daughter of the Prophet, Fatima, from the Wahhabi sect.
The sword represents the justice and power of Saudi Arabia.
When making a flag, when watching from both sides, Shahada must be read correctly.
However, the sword always points to the left in the script direction and the flag is raised to the left of the flagpole.
The Pantone 330 C is estimated to be exactly the green shade on the official flag.
Saudi Arabia Flag Color Codes
|Name: Cadmium Green|
RGB: (0, 108, 53)
CMYK: 1, 0, 0.509, 0.576
RGB: (255, 255, 255)
CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0
Facts about the flag of Saudi Arabia
- According to national flag laws, citizens should not use the flag as a piece of clothing or use it in other cases.
- The flag of Saudi Arabia never flies, even during mourning. The law also applies to the flags of Somalia, Afghanistan, and Iraq.
- Saudi law states that citizens cannot raise the flag vertically. There are certain flags that rotate the symbol, but this is rare because the Arab countries do not raise the flags vertically.
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The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Arabic: المملکة العربیة السعودیة), is the largest country in West Asia.
It covers most of the Arabian Peninsula, bordering Iraq, Jordan, and Kuwait to the north, the United Arab Emirates to the east, Qatar and the Persian Gulf to the southeast, Oman to the south, Yemen to the west, and the Red Sea to the west.
Before his sudden death in 323 BC, Alexander the Great intended to conquer the Arabian Peninsula, and after a while the rulers of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt partially overran Yanbu. But the Nabataeans prevented their domination.
The land was then exposed to the mighty wars of the Abyssinians and the Persians. In the fifth century AD, Mecca replaced the city of Petra in the Nabataean period in terms of importance.
The people of Saudi Arabia lived a primitive life before Islam, and the Arab tribes depended on livestock for livelihood. According to the Qur’an, this land has been considered by the worshipers of God since the construction of the Kaaba by Abraham. During the time of idolatry, large idols were kept in it.
With the birth of Muhammad, the Arabian Peninsula became the center of the foundation of the great Islamic civilization.
During Muhammad’s lifetime, the first advanced political and social system established. During his lifetime, Islam spread to almost the entire Arabian Peninsula. After Muhammad’s death, the caliphate was continued by Abu Bakr, Umar ibn al-Khattab, Uthman ibn Affan and Ali ibn Abi Talib. At this time, there was a government with laws and regulations that flourished around the world.
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Muhammad ibn Saud established the government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1750.
After him, King Abdul Aziz, with the support of Sheikh Muhammad bin Abdul Wahab, captured the city of Riyadh.
During the reign of Abdul Aziz, the provinces of Asir, Tahamah, Hejaz, Oman, Ehsa, Qatif, Ziara, Bahrain, Wadi al-Dawaser, Al-Kharj, Mahmal, Washm, Sudir, Qassim, Al-Majma’ah, Manih, Rania and Torba were occupied by the Wahhabis.
Saud bin Abdul Aziz continued the Wahhabi expeditions in the Arabian Peninsula to the Persian Gulf.
In the time of Ibrahim bin Saud, Saudi Arabia was defeated by Egypt, and Tusun Pasha, the commander of the Egyptian army, conquered Mecca.
But he could not advance in Medina and returned to Cairo. After Tusun Pasha, his brother Ibrahim Mohammad Ali Pasha took Najd and reached Daria (capital of Al Saud) and besieged it.
The first attempt was to re-establish the rule of Al-Saud by Mashari ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Hassan ibn Mashari Al-Saud. After him, Turki bin Abdullah Al Saud occupied Riyadh.
Faisal bin Turki bin Saeed announced the creation of the second kingdom of Al Saud.
Khalid ibn Saud ibn Abd al-Aziz al-Saud was the ruler of Najd, but the Arabs revolted against him and expelled him from Riyadh.
During the reign of Abdullah bin Thanian bin Ibrahim Al Saud, Egypt withdrew its army from Saudi Arabia.
Abdullah ibn Faisal ibn Turki ibn Abdullah al-Saud, with the complicity of the Ajman and Saud tribes, attacked Ahsa.
Saud ibn Faisal ibn Turki al-Saud re-added Qatif to Saudi territory. Abd al-Rahman ibn Faisal clashed with the rulers of Al-Rashid and was eventually defeated, and the second ruler of Saudi Arabia was overthrown.
After the death of Abdul Aziz, his other sons succeeded each other with the letters Saud bin Abdul Aziz (ruled 1953-1964), Faisal bin Abdul Aziz (ruled 1964-1975), and Khalid bin Abdul Aziz (1975-1982) and Fahd bin Abdul Aziz (ruled 1982-2005). They came to the kingdom.
Fahd bin Abdul Aziz chose the title of Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. He worked hard to spread Wahhabism and established political relations with the Western world.
With the death of Fahd, his brother Abdullah bin Abdulaziz came to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Abdullah died on January 23, 2015, and his brother and crown prince Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud ascended to the throne.
Geography of Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia is the largest country in West Asia, bordering Iraq to the north, as well as Kuwait and Jordan.
From the southern part, it borders Oman. Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of Islam and has a special place among Muslims in general.
In general, the country has gained a lot of wealth from the oil sector and has the largest oil reserves in the world.
There are more than 27 million people living in this country, 16 million of whom are citizens of this country.
About 75% of the country is dry, waterless deserts and grasslands. In general, there are three large deserts, Nafuz and Dehna and Ruba Al-Khali in this country.