The Norway flag is a symbol of national pride, identity, and independence for more than 100 years. The current flag consists of a red square and a dark blue north cross with a narrow white border. The cross is slightly off-center, close to the lift.
The color of the Norway flag is very recognizable, but its history, at least outside Norway, maybe less. From the earliest history with a golden lion to the days of the Scandinavian unions, the Norway flag has traveled quite well.
History of the Norway flag
In 1318, the Norway flag was more like a banner. It had a golden lion in the center with a red background
Although this flag belongs to King Hoon Honkonson (1204-1263 AD), as Snorri Storlonson (1179-1241) points out, the first use of the armpit can also be traced.
The Icelandic historian and writer claimed that even the reign of King Hokun Hokanson was premature.
Norwegian flag during the union with Denmark
Until 2001, Norway was an independent country. But when the Danish and Norwegian thrones were inherited by Olaf Hakonson, this changed, which in turn created an alliance between Denmark and Norway.
At this time, the union effectively led to the adoption of the Danish flag from the 1600s.
Flag of Denmark
The 400-year union with Denmark for the darkness of Norway was a time of darkness and a period commonly referred to as the “400-year night”.
This also included the Kalmer Union (Union between Denmark-Sweden-Norway) between 1397 and 1523, in which they ruled under one monarchy.
The connection with Denmark was a period that lasted until the Napoleonic Wars (1815-1380), where the Kingdom of Denmark was defeated in 1814. This defeat led to the surrender of King Frederick of Norway to Sweden.
Norwegian flag during the union with Sweden
Norway retained the “Denburg” flag after the alliance with Sweden, but with a small adaptation, the Norwegian lion was added to the upper left corner.
Flag of Dunburg Norwich
The modified Danish flag was used until May 16, 1821, at which point the new Norwegian flag was agreed upon.
Frederick Meltzer, a businessman and politician, presented a draft proposal that the National Assembly liked. And so the flag we know today was born.
Meltzer’s son is said to have drawn a blue and blue flag while trying to capture the Danish flag.
Red, white, and blue were known as the colors of freedom at the time, and other dominant flags, such as the French, American, and British flags, were used.
This new color scheme has helped Norway meet its current commitments, Sweden, which is shown in blue, while still recognizing Denmark’s past and red and white.
Flag “Herring Salad”
Then came the “herring salad”, the commercial flags used by Norway and Sweden between 1842 and 1898. The Norwegian and Swedish flags were merged into a smaller symbol in the upper left corner of the national flag.
Independence and the current flag
Norway aspired to freedom and independence, which led to the return of the “Pure Norwegian Flag” introduced in 1821. Many of the country’s sailors who opposed the change resisted his positive move.
On December 10, 1898, the flag was adopted. However, for the next seven years, the new “pure flag” was mostly removed only on land and not on sea ships.
Then, on June 10, 1905, when the union of Sweden and Norway ended, the “Pure Flag of Norway” was finally raised not only on land but also in its fortifications and naval vessels.
To this day, Norwegians have never been proud to wave their Norwegian red, blue and white flags.
The country has designated “Flag Days” in which all public flag buildings are flagged along with many private homeowners. Of course, the most famous of them is the Norwegian National Day on May 17.
Norway Flag Meaning
The colors of the Norwegian flag have been influenced by the flags of France, the United States and Britain and are considered the colors of liberty and independence.
The cross is common to most Scandinavian flags, and represents Norway’s link to the other Scandinavian countries.
Norway Flag Color Codes
|Name: Philippine Red|
RGB: (200, 16, 46)
CMYK: 0, 0.92, 0.77, 0.215
|Name: Air Force Blue (USAF)|
RGB: (0, 48, 135)
CMYK: 1, 0.644, 0, 0.470
RGB: (255, 255, 255)
CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0
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Norway is one of the Scandinavian countries in Northern Europe, located in the Northern Hemisphere and dates back to about 1145 years ago.
It shares borders with Russia, Sweden, and Finland, and its capital is Oslo. Important cities in Norway include Bergen, Trondheim, and Stavanger.
Norway has a population of 5 million. Norway is currently one of the 10 countries with the highest per capita life expectancy, and according to statistics provided by the World Bank, life expectancy for men and women in Norway is 81 years and 84 years, respectively. Imagine a bright future for the country.
It should be noted that the level of education and culture in this country is very high so that 32% of the population of this country has postgraduate education (master and doctorate).
In general, Norway is one of the countries where the economy of industry, oil, and gas is dynamic and prosperous. This country has high security and is considered a white country in terms of crime.
This country is one of the richest and most prosperous countries due to the prosperity of its prosperous industries and fisheries.
History of Norway
After World War II, Norway experienced rapid economic growth, becoming the most peaceful country in the world in 2007.
The Vikings were the most important tribes living in Norway. This group is a prominent figure of the 7th and 8th centuries AD.
In 802, the Norwegians annexed the present-day British Isles (including England and Ireland).
The history of Norway is very much related to the history of Sweden and Denmark. On March 28, 1814, the Congress of Vienna annexed Norway to Sweden, thanks to Sweden’s services in defeating France.
By this time, Norway’s internal independence had been virtually lost; So the Norwegians also revolted; After a period, the country called for an independent government, so the leaders of Sweden and Norway agreed to establish a dual monarchy.
In Norway, the family plays an important role, in this country you do not need a formal marriage to start living, and the question about the marital status of people does not seem very interesting.
Progress is equally seen. If a woman decides to stay home to take care of her child, she can receive a salary from the government. Women are also highly respected in offices and companies.
There is a principle of equality among the people of this country; In this country, people love everyone for their own sake, and this routine causes less pretense and luxury.
Norwegians are known for their loyalty and honesty. Interference in each other’s lives is not seen in Norway at all. People in greeting often try to make eye contact and shake hands, in this country the behavior is very simple and familiar, people try to be kind to each other.
Shaking hands and saying goodbye is an important principle in Norway; Tourists are treated in the same way.
Giving a gift is an important part of Norway; People shake hands and compliment each other with flowers and chocolates. Drinks are also part of Norwegian gifts and gifts open at the time of receipt.
Lunch is short and light in Norway, where bread and coffee are widely used; Coffee is an important part of Norwegian life.
Geography of Norway
Norway is a mountainous country with a very cold climate. It is located in the northern part of Europe; Norway shares borders with Finland and Sweden.
Norway covers an area of about 385,203 square kilometers and has a population of more than 5 million. 70% of the country’s land is uninhabitable due to extreme cold. The further south we go from the north of the country, the warmer the weather becomes.