Flag of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)


The Micronesia flag has a simple design that reflects both the nation’s past and its current state. The current design has influenced the indigenous elements of the nation as well as aspects of the nations that have influenced it to create the flag that embodies Micronesia and its people.

The Federal Republic of Micronesia (FSM) was adopted on November 10, 1979. The blue background represents the Pacific Ocean, while the four stars represent the four island groups in the federation: Chuuk, Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Yap.


The current Micronesian flag is a completely new design. It was adopted in 1978, several years before the United Nations and the United States completed the transfer of power to the Micronesian national government.

The modern flag is the only one that shows Micronesia as an independent state, but several other flags showed it before the new government came to power.

The islands were ruled by various governments before World War II, including Spain and Germany. The islands were relocated to Japan after World War I. These islands were represented by the flags of their controlling countries in those periods.

The three flags of the islands were shown in the interval between World War II and their independence, and their use often overlapped. The US flag between 1944 and 1986 represented them, covering the entire period.

They were also shown with the United Nations flag between 1947 and 1965 and the Pacific Island Trust flag between 1965 and 1978.

Meaning and colors

The Federal Republic of Micronesia is made up of several islands that are interconnected to form a single nation, and the flag represents that union. The Micronesian flag has a light blue background that shows four white stars arranged in the shape of a diamond.

These four stars represent the four islands that make up Micronesia, while the blue background represents the Pacific Ocean that surrounds these countries.

The flag is as much a symbol of the nation’s history as it is a symbol of the nation’s geography.

This blue background comes from the United Nations flag, which is partially controlled by the government immediately after World War II. The stars emerged from the United States flag, which controlled the islands as part of a United Nations mandate at the time.

Federated States Of Micronesia Flag Color Codes

75b2dd - Aero color image previewName: Aero
Hex: #75B2DD
RGB: (117, 178, 221)
CMYK: 0.470, 0.194, 0, 0.133
ffffff - White color image previewName: White
RGB: (255, 255, 255)
CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0
Federated States Of Micronesia Flag Color Codes

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Federated States of Micronesia Flag in Chuuk
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The Federal Republic of Micronesia

The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), also known as Micronesia, is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean that connects the United States.

The country is made up of four states – from west to east, Yap, Chowk, Pope, and Kosrae – which extend to the western Pacific. Together, these states make up about 607 islands (approximately 702 square kilometers or 271 square miles) that cover approximately 2,700 kilometers (1,678 miles) north of the equator.

They are located in northeastern New Guinea, southern Guam and Marianas, western Nauru and the Marshall Islands, eastern Palau and the Philippines, about 2,900 km northeast of Australia, 3,400 km southeast of Japan, and about 4,000 km (2,485 miles) southwest. The main islands of Hawaii.


The ancestors of Micronesia inhabited more than four thousand years ago. A decentralized Sardar-based system eventually became a more centralized economic and religious culture centered on Yap Island.

The UNESCO World Heritage Site consists of a series of small artificial islands interconnected by a network of canals, often called the Venice Pacific.

Located on the eastern edge of Pohnpei Island, it was formerly the ceremonial and political seat of the Saudeleur dynasty, which united 25,000 people from about 500 AD to 1500 AD when the centralized system collapsed.

European explorers – first the Portuguese in search of the Spice Islands (Indonesia) and then the Spaniards – reached the Carolinians in the 16th century.

The Spaniards annexed the archipelago to the Spanish East Indies via the capital, Manila, and established numerous checkpoints and missions in the 19th century. In 1887, they founded the town of Santiago de la Meraj in what is now Cologne on the island of Pohnpei.

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Following the defeat in the Spanish-American War, the Spaniards sold the archipelago to Germany in 1899 under the German-Spanish Treaty of 1899. Germany placed it in New Germany, Guinea.

It was occupied by Japan during World War I. Following the war, the United Nations granted Japan the administration of the islands as part of the South Seas.

During World War II, a significant portion of the Japanese fleet stationed in Truck Wetland. In February 1944, Operation Hailstone, one of the most important naval battles of the war, took place in Truk. In which many Japanese support vessels and aircraft were destroyed.

Following World War II, the country was governed in 1947 under United Nations supervision as part of the Pacific Islands Trust under UN Security Council Resolution 21.

On May 10, 1979, four of the Trust Territories passed a new constitution to become the federal states of Micronesia. Palau, the Marshall Islands, and the Northern Mariana Islands chose not to participate.

The FSM signed a Free Association Agreement with the United States. Which entered into force on November 3, 1986, marking the emergence of Micronesia from trusteeship to independence.

Independence formally established under international law in 1990 when the United Nations formally terminated the trusteeship of the 683rd Trusteeship Council, which extended in 2004.


Economic activity in the federal states of Micronesia mainly involves agriculture and subsistence fishing.

These islands have few mineral reserves that are worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. Long-term tuna fishing is also applicable to foreign vessels from China operating in the 1990s.

There is potential for the tourism industry, but the remoteness of the place and the lack of sufficient facilities hinder development.

When the agreement amended in 2004, the United States pledged $ 110 million in development assistance by 2023. The CIA World Factbook cites high reliance on US aid as one of the main concerns of the FSM. Geographical isolation and poorly developed infrastructure are the most important obstacles to long-term growth.


The nation’s indigenous population, which is predominantly Micronesian, made up of different ethnic language groups. It has almost 100% of the Pacific island and an Asian population:

Chuukese 48.8%, Pohnpeian 24.2%, Kosraean 6.2%, Yapese 5.2%, Yap Outer Islands 4.5%, Asian 1.8%, Polynesian 1.5%, others 6.4%, Unknown 1.4%. There is also a significant minority of Japanese descent. The results of uncertain marriages between Japanese immigrants and Micronesians during Japanese colonial rule.

Also, since the 1990s, the number of American, Australian, European, and overseas immigrants from China and the Philippines has increased.

English has become the common language of the government for secondary and higher education. Outside the major cities of the four FSM states, local languages ​​are spoken primarily. Population growth of more than 3% per year is still high and is partially offset by net migration.

English is the official and common language.


The Federated States of Micronesia consists of 607 islands. The area of ​​these islands is 702 square kilometers (271 square miles).

The islands have four states:

Yap, Chuuk (called Truk until January 1990), Pohnpei (known as “Ponape” until November 1984) and Kosrae (formerly Kusaie).

Each of the four states is represented by a white star on the national flag. The capital is Palikir, in Pohnpei.

There are two indigenous regions on the country’s borders: the Caroline Tropical Wetlands and the Yap Dry Tropical Forests.

This index obtained the average score of the forest landscape of 2019 with a score of 10.55 / 10. It ranked 37th among 172 countries in the world.

Geographically location of Micronesia

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