The Mauritius flag, also known as the Four Bands and the Les Quatre Bandes (French: “Four Bands”), was adopted in Esteghlal on March 12, 1968. It consists of four horizontal bands of equal width, colored (top to bottom) red, blue, yellow, and green. The flag was hoisted at the College of Arms in London on January 9, 1968.
The flag was designed by Gurudutt Moher, who was a primary school teacher at the time. He died of a heart attack on October 7, 2017, at the age of 93.
The civil emblem (for private vessels) and the state emblem (for public vessels) are red and blue flags, respectively, each with the national flag in the canton and the national emblem of Mauritius.
The Navy Coat of Arms (used by Coast Guard ships) is an unusual design consisting of vertical stripes of red, white, and blue with unequal widths damaged by a central anchor / key logo.
Morris has long been ruled by France and Britain. The only culture whose result is produced in the national flag. This flag had the only binary in the world with four equivalent horizontal bands.
This flag was chosen in anticipation of independence from colonialism, which took place on March 12, 1968, and was raised for the first time on that date.
Prior to his release, Maurice displayed the usual foreign flags of British territory – the Jack Union had a copy of the British Blue Ring with a sign from the colony.
This flag has display features for each of its colors. Yellow is the light of freedom that shines on the island. While Red imitates the national struggle for independence.
This blue group is a sign of nature by looking inside the nation and its position in the Indian Ocean.
Finally, green refers to the island’s one-year green, which is based on its subtropical climate. There has been no change to the Mauritius flag since its release in 1968.
The flag of Mauritius has four horizontal bands with different colors listed from top to bottom: red, blue, yellow, and green. While many national flags have three bands or stripes, the four bands of the Morris flag are relatively unique.
Colors and Meaning
Each of the colors in the Mauritius national flag has a special meaning. Red symbolizes the people’s struggle for independence. Because Mauritius is an island surrounded on all sides by the Indian Ocean, blue represents the ocean. Yellow is a symbol of the new light of freedom gained after independence.
Green symbolizes Mauritius agriculture as well as the country’s natural wealth.
Mauritius Flag Color Codes
Coat of arms
The Mauritius national emblem consists of two birds and a sambur deer made of sugarcane and a shield divided into four sections. The country’s motto, “Stella clavisque maris indici” (Star and Key of the Indian Ocean) is displayed in Latin on the ribbon below.
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The Republic of Mauritius
Mauritius, officially the Republic of Mauritius, is located in the southwestern Indian Ocean and east of Madagascar. The country includes the Mauritius, Rodriguez, and foreign islands (including the Agalga Islands, the St Brandon Archipelago, Tromille Island, the Chagos Archipelago, etc.). The capital of Mauritius is its largest city, Port Louis, which was a British colony from 1810 to 1963.
The official language is English, but in fact, the people of Mauritius are multi-ethnic, multi-cultural, and multi-lingual.
These islands are very famous for their special flora and fauna. The island is best known for its Dodo, which, among other bird species, became extinct by human activity only shortly after its settlement (in 1681). It is the only island in Africa with the largest Hindu population.
The first sailors and merchants to set foot on the island of Mauritius. Arab merchant ships have been sailing in the Indian Ocean for centuries. Important trade routes connected the east coasts of Africa and Madagascar with the Arabian Peninsula, India, and Indonesia.
The Muscarin Islands were a long way from the usual trade routes of Arab or Indian sailors.
Perhaps these islands were discovered when a storm (storm) unaware of an Arab Arab and pushed it towards Mauritius. Evidence pointing to the discovery of the Mascarin archipelago by Arab sailors comes from copies of early 16th-century Portuguese maps showing a group of three small islands in southeastern Madagascar that have Arabic names.
In 1498, the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama managed to round the Cape of Good Hope and summoned various Arab-Swahili cities along the north-east coast of Africa.
It was in one of the ports of the city that an Arab or Indian pilot showed him the way to India. Over the next ten years, a large number of Portuguese voyages in the Indian Ocean visited Madagascar, Seychelles, and the Comoros Islands.
Around 1507, the Portuguese sailor Fernandez Pereira saw Maurice and named it CERN. This group of islands consisting of Mauritius, Réunion, and Rodriguez was named the Mascarnians after the Portuguese captain, Peru Mascarenas.
The Portuguese never tried to settle on any of the Muscarin Islands. They were more interested in protecting their trade routes with India and instead established settlements along the coast of Mozambique.
Thus the first Europeans to visit Mauritius were the Portuguese in the early sixteenth century (probably in 1510).
However, the Dutch who settled on the island in 1598 named it Maurice Prince Maurice Nassau. For example, the Dutch introduced sugarcane and Java deer before their departure in 1710.
During the French colonization, from 1767 to 1810, Port Louis, the capital and main port, became an important center of trade, privatization, and naval operations against Britain.
In addition, French factory owners established sugarcane settlements and brought their wealth at the expense of slaves from Africa. The French patois, or colloquial language that developed among these slaves and their freed children, called Creole, has become the common language of most of the islanders. Also, the French language is in the media and literature, and the French-Mauritanian descendants of French immigrants continue to dominate the sugar industry and the economic life of modern Mauritius.
The British occupied the island in 1810 and relinquished control of Morris in 1968.
During this period, the French aristocracy maintained their economic prominence and, to some extent, their political prominence. Britain abolished slavery but provided cheap labor on sugar farms by bringing in nearly 500,000 independent workers from the Indian subcontinent.
The political history of Mauritius in the twentieth century revolves around the gradual economic and political power of the majority Indian island.
The country’s GDP is $ 14.9 billion. 552,700 people make up its workforce.
The unemployment rate in Mauritius is 8.8 percent and 8 percent of its population lives below the poverty line. The inflation rate in this country in 2007 was 8.8%.
Its exports include clothing and textiles, sugar, twigs, sugar syrup, and fish to the United Kingdom (32.5%), France (15.1%), the United Arab Emirates (11.4%), and the United States ( 8.3%) and Madagascar (4.8%) are exported.
Its imported products include consumer goods, basic commodities, foodstuffs, oil, and petroleum products, and chemicals from France (14.3%), India (13.6%), China (8.6%), and South Africa. (7.3%) enters.
The population is 1,264,866 with an average age of 31.5 years. Life expectancy is 77.4 years for women and 70.28 years for men in the Republic of Mauritius.
48% of the people of this country are followers of Hinduism, 25.2% are followers of Christianity and 16.6% are followers of Islam. Although English is the official language of the country, less than one percent of the population speaks it. Local and French languages are more common.
Mauritius is 2,000 kilometers (1,200 miles) off the southeast coast of Africa, between latitudes 19 ° 58.8’S and 20 ° 31.7’S and longitudes 57 ° 18.0’E and 57 ° 46.5’E. Its length is 65 km (40 miles) and width is 45 km (30 miles).
Its land area is 1,864.8 square kilometers (720.0 square miles).
There are about 49 uninhabited islands and islands right off the coast of Mauritius, several of which have been declared natural reserves of endangered species.
Mauritius is relatively young geologically and created by volcanic activity about 8 million years ago. The island, along with St. Brandon, Réunion, and Rodriguez, is part of the Mascarin Islands.
The islands emerged as a result of large underwater volcanic eruptions thousands of kilometers east of the African-Madagascar continental block.
They are no longer volcanically active and the hot spot is now below Réunion Island.
The land climbs from the coastal plains to the central plateau and reaches an altitude of 670 meters (2200 feet). The highest peak in the southwest is Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire with a height of 828 meters (2,717 feet). Rivers and streams pollute the island, many of them in crevices created by lava flows.