Flag of Maryland state of United States


The Maryland flag is the mysterious flag of the seventeenth century Cecil, Baron II of Baltimore. This includes Sketch (Heraldic shield) his father George, a Balton baron (1532-1632), with charges and grounds related to his badge with his grandmother, the heir to the Crossland family in the Kingdom of England.

The flag was formally approved by the Maryland General Assembly in 1904.


The Maryland Colony was founded by The 2nd Baron Baltimore (1605-1675), who was given to him as the son and heir of The First Baron Baltimore by King Charles I, hence the use of his gun flag as a flag.

During the colonial period, only Calvert’s golden (yellow) and black arms were associated with Maryland. It renounced the use of colors following American independence, but they were reintroduced in 1854.

The anti-vase red and white cross became popular during the American Civil War.

Maryland remained loyal to the United States, despite strong public support for the Confederacy, particularly in central Baltimore, the southern counties, and the east coast of Chesapeake Bay.

The Marylanders who supported the Confederacy, many of whom fought in Robert Lee Lee’s Northern Virginia Army, adopted the Crossland flag (as the “colors of secession”) and often used a metal plant cross on their clothes. Gray or his hat was closed.

 The black and gold anti-substitution curve of Baroness Baltimore was used on flags and devices and pinned on the uniforms of Union Army regiments in the Potomac Army. After the war, the Marylanders, who had fought on both sides of the conflict, returned to their need and compromise.

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The current design, which includes both badges used by George Calvert, officially appeared after the Civil War. The flag in its present form was first hoisted in Baltimore on October 11, 1880, in a parade marking the 150th anniversary of the founding of Baltimore (1730-1729).

During the dedication of the monuments to the Maryland Regiments of the Potomac Army by the Reorganized Regiments of the Former State Militia, the Maryland National Guard now flew again on October 25, 1888, to the Battle of Gothenburg.

This flag was not officially accepted as the state flag until 1904. The current flag symbolizes the reunification of all citizens in the state and is represented by the colors of the flag.

In 2001, a poll by the North American Virological Association ranked the Maryland flag fourth among the 72 flags of the provinces of Canada, the United States, and the United States. Finished behind the flags of New Mexico, Texas, and Quebec, respectively.

Previous designs

After independence and the cutting of the Calvert flag, many banners were used to represent Maryland. With the Civil War, the most common representation of the whole of Maryland was the Maryland seal on a blue background.

 It is worth noting that the seal of Maryland before 1876 does not bear the current flag of Maryland. These banners were informal, and the designs varied. The exact specifications of these banners are not known.

Current design

The Baroness Baltimore Gun Flag is the current flag of a fourth field with The 1 Baron Baltimore arms in Canton (first quarter) and low flight (fourth quarter), with Alicia Crossland arms in upper flight and lower flight (2nd and 3rd quarters).

In the black and gold quarter of the flag, the arms of The Baron 1, former Baltimore Secretary of State, rewarded for attacking their fortifications during a war.

The Red and White Quarter is the national emblem of the Crossland family, the family of Lord Baltimore’s mother from South Crossland, West Yorkshire, England, and consists of a transverse vase with alternating red and white sides of a cross. Because Lord Baltimore’s mother was an heir apparent, she had the right to use both arms in her flag.

With the death of George, Lord Baltimore, in April 1632, the right to bear arms and a banner passed to his eldest son Cecil, Baron II of Baltimore, who was granted the county of Maryland in the same year.

Heraldic blazon consists of Quarterly, 1 and 4, six Or and Sable, cross-bending (for color). 2nd and 3rd, Argon Quarter and Flower, an unbuttoned cross button.


Maryland has one of the most unique state flags in the country. This flag has a design that divided into four pages. The top left panel has the badges awarded to George Calvert.

This design is also available in the bottom right panel. The bottom left panel and the top right panel have the Crossland line mark – representing Lord Baltimore’s mother family.

Flag colors

The flag of Maryland uses four colors. The Calvert family banner has black and gold colors in the form of a chevron. The Crossland banner shows a red and white cross.

Maryland State (USA) Flag Color Codes

000000 - Black color image previewName: Black
Hex: #000000
RGB: (0, 0, 0)
ffffff - White color image previewName: White
RGB: (255, 255, 255)
CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0
eaab00 - Mustard Yellow color image previewName: Mustard Yellow
Hex: #EAAB00
RGB: (234, 171, 0)
CMYK: 0, 0.269, 1, 0.082
981e32 - Vivid Burgundy color image previewName: Vivid Burgundy
Hex: #981E32
RGB: (152, 30, 50)
CMYK: 0, 0.802, 0.671, 0.403
Maryland State (USA) Flag Color Codes

Flag facts

  • The Maryland flag is just one of four state flags that do not include blue.
  • It is also the only flag in the country based on English heraldry.
  • In 2001, the Maryland Flag Design ranked fourth among U.S., Canadian, and Canadian flags.

Pictures of Maryland flag

The colorful flag of the state of Maryland flying in a stiff breeze.
The colorful flag of the state of Maryland flying in a stiff breeze.
A closeup shot of the colorful Maryland state flag rippling in the breeze.
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About Maryland state

Maryland is a state in the northeastern United States and one of the coastal states of the Atlantic Ocean. Its capital is Annapolis and its major city is Baltimore. The bulk of the state’s population concentrated in the Baltimore-Washington metropolis.

Magnifier centred on the East Coast.


In 1608, Captain John Smith explored the Chesapeake Bay. Charles, I granted the Royal Charter for Maryland to Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore, in 1632, and English immigrants, many of whom were Roman Catholics, landed on St. Clement’s Island (now Blackstone) in 1634.

Religious freedom for all Christians ended with the Law of Tolerance passed by the Council of Maryland in 1649, with the Puritan Rebellion, 1654-1658.

From 1763 to 1767, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon surveyed the Maryland-Pennsylvania border. In 1791, Maryland ceded its lands and formed the District of Columbia.

In 1814, while the British were trying to capture Baltimore, the bombing of Fort McHenry inspired Francis Scott Key to write the words “Star-Spangled Banner.”

During the Civil War, Maryland had won a country but in the alliance. Connection. As a result, the Marylanders fought on both sides, and many families became divided.

Important agricultural products are greenhouse and nursery products, poultry, dairy products, eggs, and soybeans. Stone, coal, sand, gravel, cement, and clay are the major mineral products.

Manufacturing industries include food products, chemicals, computers and electronics, transportation equipment, and raw metals. Baltimore, home to Johns Hopkins University and Hospital, is the nation’s second-largest port in terms of foreign tonnage. The capital, Annapolis, is home to the US Naval Academy.

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One of the most popular attractions in Maryland is the Fort McHenry National Monument. Harpers Ferry and Chesapeake National Historic Parks and the Ohio Canal; Antietam National Battlefield; National Aquarium, USS Constellation and Maryland Science Center in Baltimore Inner Harbor.

The historic city of St. Mary; Jefferson Patterson Historical Park and Museum in St. Leonard; US Naval Academy in Annapolis; Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt; Assateague Island National Park Beach; Ocean City Beach Resort; And the mountain parks of Catoctin, Fort Frederick, and Piscataway.


In 2012, the state had a gross domestic product of $ 344.373 billion, which was comparable to Venezuela’s gross domestic product ($ 381.286 billion). The state is one of the most advanced states in the United States in terms of industry.

The United States National Institutes of Health (NIH), Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and Lockheed Martin located in the state.

Maryland also hosts the highest percentage of millionaires in the United States. Maryland also has the highest average household income among US states. In 2014, the average annual income of a single-family household was $ 59,055.

During the same period, the poverty rate in the state was 10.1 percent, and Maryland was the second state with the lowest poverty rate. Of course, the cost of living in this state was 10.9% higher than the national average.


Maryland has a diverse topography within its borders that contributes to its title in miniature. It ranges from sand dunes full of seagrass in the east, from low-lying wetlands full of wildlife and large cypress trees near Chesapeake Bay, to soft oak forest hills and the Maryland Mountains in the west.

West Maryland is famous for its very forested mountains. Panoramic view of Deep Creek Lake and the surrounding Appalachian Mountains in Garrett County.

Maryland bounded on the north by Pennsylvania, on the west by West Virginia, on the east by Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean, and on the south by the Potomac River, on West Virginia and Virginia.

A typical freshwater river above the tidal zone. The Patapesco River includes the famous Thomas Viaduct and is part of the Patapsko Valley State Park. Later, the river forms the inland port of Baltimore when discharged into the Chesapeake Bay.

Chesapeake Bay Tidal Wetlands, the largest estuary in the United States and the largest water feature in Maryland

Most of the state’s waterways are part of the Chesapeake Bay Basin, with the exception of a small section of west-west Garrett (which is discharged by the Youghiogheny River as part of the Mississippi River Basin), the eastern half of Worcester County to the Atlantic coast.

Geographically location of Maryland

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