Flag of the Republic of Mali


The national tricolor Mali flag is equal to three vertical stripes. The left bar is green, the middle yellow and the right bar is red. Green symbolizes hope, nature, and fertility. Yellow indicates purity and indicates mineral richness. Red refers to bloodshed for power and independence.


The flag is inspired by the vertical three-lane flag of France, where it was colonized for years. It is composed of Pan-African colors, green, yellow, and red, which are seen in the flags of many African countries.

In Mali, between 1959 and 1960, during the Mali Federation, which formed with the former French colonial region of Senegal, they used the same flag as today, with a black mask in the middle of the yellow bar.

Mali also used the union flag as a member of the African Union, which formed with Ghana and Guinea briefly between 1961 and 1962. After the collapse of the short-lived union, Mali used its flag again.

The financial flag was adopted on March 1, 1961. Mali gained independence from France on September 22, 1960.

As the first financial flag, the flag of the Financial Federation was adopted on April 4, 1959. Senegal left the union in August 1960 and changed its flag in 1961.

The Senegalese flag is similar to the financial flag. Apart from the use of Pan-African colors, their flags are based on the French flag. These colors were the colors of the Democratic Party of Africa, a political party led by the independence struggle.


The design of the financial flag is simple, but there is meaning in all three colors used in the design.

These colors were used to represent the fertility of the earth, the purity and mineral wealth, and the bloodshed in the nation’s struggle for independence from France.


Like many African countries, the Mali flag uses traditional Pan-African colors. This flag has a vertical tricolor design with green, yellow, and red stripes. Green is a symbol of the fertile lands of the nation.

Yellow indicates financial purity and mineral wealth.

Finally, the color red symbolizes the lives given to the country to gain the country’s freedom from French rule.

The country also has a diverse flag that includes black in the shape of a stick in the center of the flag with arms raised to the sky.

Mali Flag Color Codes

14b53a - Dark Pastel Green color image previewName: Dark Pastel Green
Hex: #14B53A
RGB: (20, 181, 58)
CMYK: 0.889, 0, 0.679, 0.290
ce1126 - Philippine Red color image previewName: Philippine Red
Hex: #CE1126
RGB: (206, 17, 38)
CMYK: 0, 0.917, 0.815, 0.192
fcd116 - Metallic Yellow color image previewName: Metallic Yellow
Hex: #FCD116
RGB: (252, 209, 22)
CMYK: 0, 0.170, 0.912, 0.011
Mali Flag Color Codes

Flag facts

  • The flag of Mali is nearly identical to the national flag of Guinea. The only difference is the order of colors

Pictures of Mali flag

Mali flag, Mali national symbol waving against clear blue sky, sunny day
Flag of Mali with flare and dark blue sky
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The Republic of Mali

Mali, officially the Republic of Mali, is a country in West Africa. This landlocked country is located in southern sub-Saharan Africa and parts of it are located in this desert.

Its capital is Bamako, located in the southwest of the country. Mali is one of the poorest countries in the world, with a population of 20,251,000 [9], more than 10% of whom live in the capital.

Western Africa map

About half of financial people live below the poverty line. Gold, uranium, livestock, and salt are natural sources of finance.


Mali has an interesting historical heritage that has been established along the Niger River and has created many civilizations in the past.

In particular, Malin’s history is marked by a distinct past even before it became a French colony. Undoubtedly, time is the most authentic testimony to the glorious and ancient times of the country.

Even before colonization, Mali created civilizations marked by a series of glorious empires that ruled the land.

The Ghanaian Empire dates back to the early 5th century AD and is located in the southwestern part of the territory.

After its fall in the thirteenth century, the Mali Empire took over the land and made it the center of Muslim Scholarship until its collapse in the seventeenth century. Going east, the Songhai Empire established its rule until the West occupied and conquered the former monarchy.

Beginning in 1591, another sequence of kingdoms ruled the country. These include the Kingdom of Sego (a centralized state located in the south). Kingdom of Carthage (descendant of Sego who settled in the West); Kingdom of Kondogo (defensive state bordering Mali and Burkina Faso) Kingdom of Maasina (an ally of Segou); And the Kingdom of Vasolo (short-lived state).

All these kingdoms later came under the control of the kingdom of Tucker.

French colonization began in 1892 when the land was renamed the Republic of Sudan and was ruled by a French governor who oversaw the colony on behalf of the French Empire. Later, with independence, on June 20, 1960, it became part of the Financial Federation, along with Senegal.

In August, the Senegal Federation left the party, leaving the Republic of Sudan as an independent entity and later accepting full government as a financial republic.


There are ten national languages ​​in Mali and it is evaluated among different ethnic groups, but it is clear that French is the official and administrative language of Mali and the cultural status of this country has been studied through ethnic language.

The language of Mali is combined with simple words. The people of this country are not interested in formal speech and even speak informally in work environments. It is clear that the language situation in this country is different in some sectors from other sectors.

There are some ethnicities that are assessed under the supervision of personal communication groups.

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Calligraphy in Mali is based on the academic position and level of literacy of some people. Some calligraphies in this country have special credits.

Expanding the development of language culture for Mali is a good approach. For this country, it should be examined for political, cultural, and economic periods, as it is clear that the domestic and international approaches of cultural states in this country have been examined.

Organization of scientific and cultural financial conferences in Mali is on the basis of non-commitment.

The United Nations and the approach of economic organizations for this country have included a wider level of relations. It is clear that the situation of cultural investment is very important.


The Central Bank of West Africa handles the finances and additional members of the West African Economic Community. Mali is one of the poorest countries in the world. The average annual wage is about $ 1,500.

Mali underwent economic reforms by signing agreements with the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.

From 1988 to 1996, the fiscal government largely reformed public enterprises. Since the agreement, sixteen businesses have been privatized, 12 have been privatized and 20 have been monopolized.

 In 2005, the government transferred the finance of a railway company to Savage.

Between 1992 and 1995, Mali implemented an economic adjustment program that led to economic growth and a reduction in financial imbalances.

The program increased social and economic conditions and led to financial accession to the World Trade Organization on May 31, 1995.

Mali is also a member of the African Trade Law Coordination Organization (OHADA).


Mali borders Mauritania, Algeria, and Niger. It covers an area of ​​1240,192 square kilometers and is 24th in the world in terms of area.

In the northern part of the Sahara, there are sand dunes and sand dunes. The financial climate is very hot and it has a dry climate. The south of the country is considered a wet season from June to October.

The weather in Mali is rainy until June, and from June to November it will be cold and dry. It is clear that this approach has had a special assessment compared to other sectors.

The major rivers of Mali are Niger and Senegal, and the highest point of this country is Humbury. This region is fertile and a fertile region for Mali.

Bamako is the largest city in the country of Mali and is the capital of this country. This city has a special position in general. On the other hand, the history of this country categorized and this issue will indicate certain conditions.

Mali was once part of an empire called the Mali Empire.

Geographically location of Mali

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