The flag of Madagascar was recognized on October 14, 1958. This flag consists of three colors white, red, and green.
The colors white and red symbolize the reign of Marina. Green symbolizes the rural people who played an important role in Madagascar’s independence from France.
History of the flag of Madagascar
The first Madagascar flag in recorded history was also a Malagasy flag representing the people. The flag was flown by the Kingdom of Merina, which adopted the flag hundreds of years after coming to power in Madagascar.
It was a two-color horizontal flag with white and red colors, which is very similar to the many flags that have Pacific people.
These colors are symbolically very valuable among the people of the Pacific, and their use in the flag of the kingdom of Marina was probably a reflection of the ethnic heritage of the kingdom.
The flag became obsolete in 1885 when the French government began to take control of Madagascar.
France established the Malagasy in 1885, and Madagascar began using the new flag at the same time. It was a horizontal rotation of three French colors with a red crescent near the lift.
When France concentrated its control over Madagascar, in 1896 it replaced by the ordinary French flag.
The modern flag was in 1958, two years before the country’s official independence. This is the only national flag that Madagascar has used since independence from the French nation.
The meaning of the flag
Madagascar has a relatively simple flag, but in its colors lies the story of the nation’s history.
These colors are also a symbol of the ethnic origin of the Malagasy people. One of the colors also represents the air, a class of peasants who played a key role in the independence movement.
Colors of Flag
The national flag of Madagascar is white, red, and green (white vertically in two-fifths of the left, red and green horizontally in three-fifths of the right).
It was declared the official national flag on October 21, 1958, with the independence of Madagascar.
Previously, a competition held to create a new national flag. In 2009, various proposals of that time were shown in an exhibition in Ampefiloha.
There are several theories about the color of the flag and their meaning:
Red symbolizes the sovereignty, power, and patriotism of Madagascar. This is the color of the ordinary house of Marina and as a result the dominant ethnic group of the country.
The kings of Marina preferred the red robe, and the rebels against the French colonial power called themselves the Manalamba, the red-clad.
In addition, ancestral rites are still in many parts of Madagascar, including the sacrifice of zebras and their blood.
Thus, red plays an important symbolic role throughout Madagascar. It could also be Sakalawa, the largest ethnic group in the north.
White shows purity of heart, loyalty, peace and freedom. It is also the color of rice, which is the main food of Madagascan and is therefore the basis of life. White is also the traditional lamp color (a special dress) of Marina women.
It can be assumed that the red-white elements of the flag are from the flag of the same color as the kingdom of Marina.
The green part of the current national flag reflects the high proportion of agriculture in Madagascar, the tremendous biodiversity as well as the color of hope.
Green is also the color of the traveler’s tree, that it is on many of Madagascar’s logos, and stands for the connection between man and nature.
Madagascar Flag Color Codes
RGB: (255, 255, 255)
CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0
|Name: Philippine Green|
RGB: (0, 126, 58)
CMYK: 1, 0, 0.539, 0.505
|Name: Coral Red|
RGB: (252, 61, 50)
CMYK: 0, 0.757, 0.801, 0.011
- The flag of Madagascar was adopted before independence.
- The flag of Madagascar reflects the country’s history, independence and traditional classes.
Pictures of Madagascar Flag
Copy and paste this emoji:
Download images of Madagascar flag
Download free images of Madagascar flag in four formats(PNG, JPG, Icon and SVG)
The Republic of Madagascar
Madagascar has a population of 27.5 million and the official languages are Malagasy and French. The currency of this country is called Ariari Malagasy.
About half of the country’s population is Christian and the other half follow indigenous religious traditions. The country’s indigenous religious tradition focuses on the bond between the living and their deceased ancestors.
The history of the first human settlement in Madagascar probably dates back to the 4th century BC.
Madagascar has been a French colony since 1896. It declared independence from France on June 26, 1960, as the “Republic of Malagasy”, and in 1975 the country was renamed the “Democratic Republic of Madagascar”.
The core of Madagascar’s population, known as the Malagasy, is considered to be a combination of African-speaking Bantu tribes, Arabs, and Malays, who recently arrived and settled on the island following sea voyages.
Malay is the common name for the tribes of the East Indies (Malaysia, Philippines, and Indonesia) from where they are distributed throughout Southeast Asia and the Pacific islands.
95% of the country’s ethnic group is Malagasy and 2% is French. Also, in terms of religion, the influence of local and indigenous beliefs is 52%, Christianity is 41%, and Islam is 7%. The official languages are Madagascar, Malagasy, and French.
The island’s most important ethnic group, the Malagasy, came from Southeast Asia.
In this group, the most important tribes are the Marina, who live around the capital, Betsimisaraka, in the northeast, and Sakalava, in the west. In total, more than twenty tribes, clans, and clans live on the island.
From a racial point of view, the people of Madagascar are a combination of elements from South Africa and Southeast Asia.
Later, Arab merchants came to northern Madagascar and promoted Islam. A small portion of Madagascar’s population is also from European, Indian, Creole, Lunar, and Chinese immigrants.
Life expectancy is 5.66 years for men and 9.69 years for women. The average age of the people in Madagascar is 6.19 years.
The culture of the people of Madagascar
- The people of Madagascar generally do not share their private lives with others and are very tolerant.
- In the culture of the people of this country, speaking loudly will not be pleasant at all
- In general, the culture of Madagascar shows that people are very interested in investing and most people in this country prefer a full bank account to land.
- Life expectancy is very high among the people of this country
- In general, the culture of urbanization and ruralization in Madagascar is well.
- Respect in Madagascar is a very important issue.
- In rural culture, people were very interested in agricultural environments, and of course, the living environment of people in this country is divided into old and modern textures.
- Early marriage is very common among the people of Madagascar and this practice is more common for girls.
The Democratic Republic of Madagascar is an island in southeastern Africa, in the waters of the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique, with its capital city of Antananarivo at 1,403,000. Madagascar covers an area of 587,000 square kilometers and has a population of about 27.5 million.
Major cities in Madagascar include Tuamasina (206,000), Antzirabe (186,000), Finarantsova (167,000) and Mahajanga (154,000).
The disintegration of the Gondwana subcontinent about 135 million years ago separated part of the land of which Madagascar was apart from the continuous African-South American landmass.
Madagascar later seceded from India about 88 million years ago, leaving Madagascar’s flora and fauna in isolation.
Along the east coast of Madagascar there is a steep slope where most of the remaining tropical forests are located in the lowlands of the island.
To the west of these slopes and in the center of the island, there is a plateau that is between 750 and 1500 meters above sea level.
The central highlands, traditionally the birthplace of the Marina people, are Madagascar’s most densely populated region, and the country’s capital, the historic center of the Marina people, located on the same plateau.
The characteristic of this central plateau is the existence of valleys including flat paddy fields which are located between grassy hills and pieces of forest.
The lands west of the Central High Plateau gradually become drier and eventually lead to the Mozambique Canal and mangrove swamps along the coast.