Flag of London city, England


The London flag is based on the flag of England, with the red cross of George’s crucifix on a white background, with a red sword in the upper elevated canton (upper left fourth).

The sword is believed to represent the sword that beheaded St. Paul, the patron saint of the city. The tip of the sword is always up. Therefore, when the flag is held as a flag next to it, the sword is pointed upwards and is on the left side as it hangs down.

History and meaning

It is a banner of arms, derived from the emblem of the city with a sword symbolizing the sword that cut off St. Paul, the patron saint of the city. St. Paul has been a symbol of the city since about the 13th century.

The full representation of his figure was quickly replaced by the symbolic representation of the sword.

Some believe the sword is a dagger reminiscent of the dagger of Sir William Wallworth, the former mayor of London, who assassinated Watt Tyler, the leader of the peasant uprising, in 2002.

However, it is believed to be a myth, the sword was used on the arms several months before Watt Tyler was killed (Tyler was stabbed in June, and the arms were designed in April).

Flag facts

The flag flies from various buildings in the city, such as the official buildings of the Guild Hall (the seat of power in the city) and the mansion, the official residence of Lord Mayor of London (Mayor Lord has a kind of flag, it is ruined) with its logo).

It can also be found on off-site sites run by the City of London Corporation, such as the Tower Bridge, the animal shelter at Heathrow Airport and the Hampstead Heath.

It can also be seen in some places of interest, such as the bridges maintained by Bridge House Estates.

London flag color codes

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About London city, England

London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is located on the banks of the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the beginning of the 80-kilometer pier that leads to the North Sea.

London has been a major settlement for more than two thousand years. The city was founded by the Romans, who called it Londinium.

 City of London, the historic core and business center of London – an area of ​​2.9 square kilometers – has the same area as the medieval city.

Westminster is an inner-city area of ​​London where the national government has been based for centuries. Thirty-one other areas north and south of the River Thames from modern London. London is governed by the mayor and the city council.


Early London

London began as a Roman settlement around 50 AD. London Rome was originally a temporary river base and was located on the north bank of the river. But “Londinium” – as the Romans called it – soon flourished and became the capital of the northernmost province of the Roman Empire.

To protect the city from attack, the Romans built a wall around the city, as well as public houses such as baths, temples, gardens, a church, and a church. However, there are only a few Roman remains in real London.

However, London gradually declined due to the fall of the Roman Empire, and in the middle of the 5th century they began to leave the city and their way of life was no longer sustainable.

Following the liberation of Rome, London’s strategic location on the River Thames meant a long absence.

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Thus, the various Saxon and Viking tribes sought to control it because London was in an important trading position, and they destroyed much of the city.

The most important figure in English history during this period was the confessor, King Edward the Anglo-Saxon.

A thousand years after the arrival of the Romans, he built his new palace and monastery on the banks of the river, in the west, in the swamps of Westminster, giving London the status of the country’s capital. Thus was born the second city of London.

Modern London

During the nineteenth century, London became the largest city and capital of the British Empire. Its population increased from one million in 1800 to 6.7 million a century later.

During this period, London became a global political, financial and commercial capital. In this situation, until the end of the century, when Paris and New York began to threaten their domination, it was largely unrivaled.

This is the period of Charles Dickens (1870-1812), one of the greatest English writers. He acclaimed for his rich storytelling and memorable personalities, and gained worldwide popularity throughout his life.

In his novel Oliver Twist, a social and realistic novel, he described the lives of ordinary people in London at this time.

London entered the twentieth century at the height of its influence as the capital of the largest empire in history, but the new century brought many challenges, like many other capitals in Europe: World War I, the Great Depression, World War II, the Summer Olympics in In 1948, the Beatles and the Rolling Stones in the 1960s and in the 21st century the world’s largest observation wheel, the “Millennium Wheel” or London Eye. In 2005, London won the 2012 Olympics.


London’s gross domestic product in 2018 was approximately 500 500 billion, about a quarter of the UK’s gross domestic product. London has five major business districts: City, Westminster, Canary Wharf, Camden and Islington, and Lambeth and Southwark.

One way to get an idea of ​​their relative importance is to look at the relative amounts of office space:

Greater London had 27 million square feet of office space in 2001, and the city has the most space with 8 million square feet of office space.

London has the highest real estate prices in the world. According to World Real Estate Magazine, London is the most expensive office market in the last three years.

As of 2015, residential property in London is worth $ 2.2 trillion – the same as Brazil’s annual GDP.

According to the National Bureau of Statistics and the European Bureau of Statistics, this city has the highest property prices of any European city.

The average price per square meter in central London is 24,252 euros (April 2014). This is higher than property prices in other G8 cities in the European capital. Berlin € 3,306, Rome € 6,188 and Paris € 11,229.


London has hosted three Summer Olympics in 1908, 1948 and 2012. This city hosted the 2012 Olympic Games and the 2012 Summer Paralympics in July 2005.

London also hosted the Commonwealth Games in 1934. The 2017 World Athletics Championships held in this city.

Football is one of the most popular sports, based in London has a history of playing in the English Premier League.


London, also known as Greater London, is one of the nine boroughs of England.

As its metropolitan area grew, the London Corporation resisted attempts to integrate the city with its suburbs, causing “London” to be defined in different ways for different purposes.

Forty percent of Greater London is covered by the City of London, where “LONDON” is part of the postal address. The Area Code of London (020) covers a larger area, similar in size to Greater London. Although some exterior areas are excluded and some locations outside are included.

The Greater London border is aligned with the M25 in some places.

The metropolitan green belt is currently preventing the expansion of outer cities. Although the built-up area is expanding beyond the border, resulting in the creation of a large London metropolitan area. Beyond this vast belt is London.

Greater London has two parts Inner London and Outer London for some purposes. The city divided by the River Thames to the north and south. Inland is an informal area of ​​central London.

The coordinates of central London are about 51 ° 30′26 ″ N 00 ° 07′39 ″ W west.

However, by one definition, the geographical center of London is located in the Lambeth area of ​​London.

Geographically location of London

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