The flag of the Republic of Lithuania


The Lithuanian flag consists of a yellow, green, and red. It was adopted on April 25, 1918.

During the first period of Lithuania’s independence from 1918 to 1940. Which was first stopped by Russia’s occupation of the Soviet Union and Lithuania’s accession to the Soviet Union, and then by Germany (1941-1944).

During the post-World War II occupation of the Soviet Union from 1945 to 1989, the Lithuanian Soviet flag first consisted of a red Soviet flag of the Soviet Union called the Republic, then changed to the red flag with white and green stripes at the bottom.

The flag re-adopted on March 20, 1989, almost a year before the re-establishment of Lithuanian independence and almost three years before the collapse of the Soviet Union.

The last change to the current flag occurred in 2004, when the aspect ratio changed from 1: 2 to 3: 5.

History of the Lithuanian flag

The current Lithuanian flag was first adopted on April 25, 1918, just two months after independence.

 However, Lithuania’s independence lasted only from 1918 to 1940. The country was first occupied by Russia, the Soviet Union, and later by Nazi Germany.

During the occupation of the Soviet Union, the flag of the Republic of Lithuania was discarded and the flag of Soviet Lithuania was replaced.

It was originally the flag of the Soviet Union, bearing the name of the republic. Later appeared as a red flag with green and white stripes at the end.

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The flag of the Republic of Lithuania was rebuilt after the re-establishment of the country’s independence.

On March 20, 1989, the previous flag, introduced in 1918, revived as the national flag.

Flag design

The design, size, and use of the flag are enshrined in Lithuanian law.

The flag is a thin piece of horizontal stripes in yellow (top), green (middle) and red (bottom).

 Color and Symbolize

Adopted on 26 June 1991, the Law regulates the design, size, and use of the flag of the Government.

This law amended on July 8, 2004, (Law No. IX-2331) with the most notable changes including the change of the national flag ratio from 1: 2 to 3: 5.

The official approval of the historic flag as the flag state. The amendment came into force on September 1, 2004, following the approval of President Valdes Adamcos.

Yellow on the flag symbolizes the sun and happiness. Green on the forests, the countryside, freedom, and hope. Red symbolize the blood and courage of those who died for Lithuania.

The colors of the national and country flags are made in accordance with the Pantone matching system, specifically Pantone (TP) fabric paper.

The ratio of national and state flags should be 3: 5 and the standard flag .

Size should be 1.0 by 1.7 meters (3.3 by 5.6 feet). Different flag sizes are created but must be in accordance with the color codes and proportions prescribed by law.

Lithuania Flag Color Codes

fdb913 - Spanish Yellow color image previewName: Spanish Yellow
Hex: #FDB913
RGB: (253, 185, 19)
CMYK: 0, 0.268, 0.924, 0.007
c1272d - International Orange (Golden Gate Bridge) color image previewName: International Orange (Golden Gate Bridge)
Hex: #C1272D
RGB: (193, 39, 45)
CMYK: 0, 0.797, 0.766, 0.243
006a44 - Cadmium Green color image previewName: Cadmium Green
Hex: #006A44
RGB: (0, 106, 68)
CMYK: 1, 0, 0.358, 0.584
Lithuania Flag Color Codes

Use the flag

There are several rules regarding the use of the Lithuanian national flag.

  • The flag can be thrown horizontally and vertically.
  • In the previous case, the yellow band should be at the top, and in the second case, the red band should be to the right.
  • There are several other protocols for using the flag. Flag display is always encouraged, however, there are special days such as Flag Day (January 1) and Freedom Fighters Day (January 13) were raising the flag is highly encouraged or legal.

Pictures of Lithuania Flag

Lithuanian flag waving in thewind on a blue sky
Friends watching basketball on TV and drinking beer
Lithuanian Flag, Lithuania National Colors Background  <>
Lithuanian flag waving in thewind on a blue sky.
Friends watching basketball on TV and drinking beer
Lithuanian Flag, Lithuania National Colors Background <>
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About the Republic of Lithuania

Lithuania, officially the Republic of Lithuania is a member of the European Union and a member of the Schengen Agreement, located in Northeastern Europe and a member of NATO.

The Lithuanian capital city of Vilnius and the population of the country in 2017 is 2 million 830 thousand people and the currency of this country is Euro.

Lithuania bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the southeast, and Poland and Russia to the southwest.

Map and flag of Lithuania. Source: “World reference atlas”

To the west of Lithuania is the Baltic Sea. Lithuania is located on the edge of the plains of northern Europe.

The official language is Lithuanian, 82% of the population speak it, but some groups of people speak languages such as Russian and Polish are also

Prior to the 16th century, when the first literary works published in Lithuanian, the main language in the region was Latin.


Around 2000 BC, Lithuanian ancestors called the Balts settled in the country. Later, in 136, Vilnius was made the capital by the Grand Duke Gadiminas.

Lithuania and Poland had close relations, both ruled by the Grand Duke of Jogila, and in 1410. They defeated the Tutankhamun Knights, a growing threat to both countries. Then, in 1569, the two countries formed a joint venture.

Commonwealth means Poland and Lithuania can not unite without consulting each other.

Russia occupied Vilnius in 1654, and parts of the Polish-Lithuanian Union were invaded by Prussia, Austria, and Russia until 1795, when Lithuania took full control of Russia.

Lithuania was occupied by the Germans in 1915, but then became independent in 1918.

However, it was not independent until 1991. When Lithuania was annexed by the Soviet Union in August 1940, leading to widespread executions or deportations of Lithuanians.

In June 1941, Lithuania was captured by the Germans, who practically wiped out the entire Jewish population.

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After this, Russia in July 1944 captured Lithuania again and became a communist country.

Lithuania finally became independent in September 1991 and joined the United Nations, but by 1993 many Russian troops were in Lithuania.


The Republic of Lithuania became a member of the European Union and the Schengen area in May 2004, as well as the World Trade Organization.

Lithuania’s main economic partners in terms of exports and imports over the past years are Russia, Latvia, Germany, Poland, Estonia, Belarus, and the Netherlands.

In this regard, Lithuania exports some mineral products, mechanical, electrical and chemical equipment, textiles, food, and wood and furniture industries.

An important part of Lithuania’s economy is export-oriented economy.

In this regard, the industries of mineral fertilizers, clothing and textiles, electronics (television products, semiconductors, computer and electronic equipment), wood and paper industries and related products such as furniture and wooden accessories are among the most profitable and export industries of Lithuania.

Geography of Lithuania

Lithuania bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the southeast, and Poland and Russia to the southwest.

To the west of Lithuania is the Baltic Sea. Lithuania is located on the edge of the plains of northern Europe.

Lithuania consists of a low-lying plain with many lakes and stretches of ice. One of the most important lakes in Lithuania is Lake Vishtitis.

Lithuania covers an area of ​​65,200 square kilometers and its capital is Vilnius, where more than 600,000 people live.

The important rivers of Lithuania are Nemanos (Neman), Vilnius and the highest point in Lithuania is Auxtavias hill with a height of 294 meters, which is located in the eastern part of the country.

About 33% of Lithuania forested and semi-forested. The climate is different in different parts of Lithuania.

In the western regions, it is mild and temperate and in the eastern regions, there is a lot of temperature variation.

Geographically location of Lithuania


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