The Libya flag was originally introduced in 1951 following the establishment of the Libyan Kingdom.
The flag, consisting of pan-Arab colors, was approved by Omar Faik Shanbib and by King Idris al-Senussi, who consisted of a UN delegation representing the three regions of Cyrenaica, Fezzan, and Tripolitania in the UN deliberations.
The flag was abolished in 1969, but was subsequently approved by the National Transitional Council and anti-Gaddafi forces, and was used as the national flag in Article 3 of the draft Charter of the Libyan Constitution for the transition phase, issued on 3 August 2011.
After gaining independence in 1951, the Kingdom of Libya adopted the flag that is used today.
The flag with red, white, and black colors is very similar to the Arab Liberation flag.
Libya joined the Federation of Arab Republics in 1972, in an attempt to unite Libya, Syria and Egypt to form a united Arab nation, and as a result, the then flag was adopted to link the country to Syria and Egypt.
The flag had a golden petition and the name of the federation in Arabic. The federation lasted until 1977.
In 1977, the country changed its name again to Libyan Arab Socialist Republic and a new flag was adopted. Former Prime Minister Muammar Gaddafi and then Secretary-General of the People’s Congress coined the name Jamahiriya to mean “state of the masses.”
The green flag is the only flag in the world with a green color that has no other details like a symbol or any other design.
Colonel Gaddafi chose the flag to represent his ideology and philosophical thinking. This color was dominant for the religion of Islam and the third style of world theory, expressed by Gaddafi’s Green Book.
In 2011, after Gaddafi ousted, the previous flag used between 1951 and 1969 was re-approved by the National Transitional Council, making France the first country to recognize the new government and the first to allow staff at the Libyan embassy.
The Libya flag has a triple horizontal design of three different colors.
These colors are also to show the history and characteristics of the country. In the next section, we will explain in more detail about each color and what it symbolizes.
In the center of the crescent are the white moon and a five-pointed white star. According to a pamphlet distributed by the Ministry of Information and Guidance of the Kingdom of Libya, the crescent moon has been chosen as the symbol of the beginning of the lunar month according to the Muslim calendar. The star represents the hope and end of darkness in the nation.
The Libya flag has a triple horizontal design. A red band is at the top of the flag, while a green band of equal size is at the bottom. In the center of the flag is a black band that is twice as high.
The color red was chosen to represent the bloodshed in the struggle for the freedom of the nation. The color black symbolizes the dark days when the region is occupied by Italy.
Finally, the color green represents the wealth, prosperity and agriculture of the country.
The crescent moon and the five-pointed star in the center of the flag are both white.
Libya Flag Color Codes
The different colors in the Libya flag represent different parts of the country. Red represents the Fezzan region in the country, black means the Cyrenaica part of the country, while green represents the Tripolitania region of the country.
Crescent stands for Islam, which is the dominant religion in the country. The crescent also represents the lunar month in the Islamic calendar, which according to Islam is reminiscent of the epic journey of Muhammad.
This star is a symbol of the smiling hope of the Libyan people, the body, the light and the beauty, the trust in God, and the pride that lights the way and puts an end to the darkness.
- When the flag was no longer used in 1969, it was approved by the National Transitional Council.
- The flag originally adopted on December 24, 1951.
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The government of Libya
Libya, officially the government of Libya, is a country in North Africa in the Arab Maghreb south of the Mediterranean Sea. Libya is bordered by Egypt to the east, Sudan, Chad, and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
With an area of 1,759,541 square kilometers, Libya is the 16th largest country in the world (and the fourth largest country in Africa) and with a population of 6,911,000, it is the 108th most populous country in the world.
The capital and largest city of Libya is Tripoli, home to 1.7 million Libyans. The official language of Libya is Arabic and its currency is the Libyan Dinar.
Initially, Libya was inhabited by Berber tribes. After 1000 BC, a Phoenician from Lebanon settled in Tripoli (western Libya).
They founded Tripoli. The ancient Greeks later settled in Cyrenaica (eastern Libya). Both regions of Libya later became part of the Roman Empire.
A Roman emperor named Septimius Securus (1911-211) was a native of the large Libyan city of Leptis Magna.
Then in the fourth century, the Roman Empire split in two. Cyrenaica became part of the Eastern Roman Empire while Tripolitania was part of the Western Empire.
In 431, the Germans, known as the Vandals, occupied Libya, but Justinian, emperor of the Eastern Empire, forced them to leave in 533.
Then in 642-44, the Arabs conquered Libya. During the 16th century, Libya became part of the Turkish Empire. It was part of the Turkish Empire for centuries but was a haven for pirates. However, in 1911 the Italians invaded Libya.
The Turks surrendered Libya to Italy in 1912. However, the resistance of the Libyan people continued for years. Until 1922, the Italians controlled only the coastal area.
However, the fascist regime in Italy determined to take control of all of Libya and take control of the entire country by 1932.
The conquest of Libya by fascist Italy was very brutal and as a result many Libyans lost their lives.
Mussolini, the dictator of Italy, encouraged Italians to immigrate to Libya, and by 1939 there were 150,000 people living in the country.
In 1940, Italy joined World War II on behalf of Germany, and Italian forces based in Libya, Egypt, fought Britain. However, in 1943, the British occupied Libya. After the war, Libya came under British and French control.
With the 1947 peace treaty, Italy renounced its claim to Libya. Then in 1949, the United Nations declared that Libya should become independent by January 1, 1952. The constitution was drafted for Libya and Mohamed Idris al-Sanosi was elected king. King Idris, I declared Libya independent on December 24, 1951.
Initially, Libya was a poor country. However, Libya changed forever in 1959 with the discovery of oil. Oil brought new wealth to the country, and in the mid-1960s Libya was one of the most important oil-producing countries in the world.
However, on September 1, 1969, a group of army officers led by Muammar Gaddafi staged a coup in Libya.
The monarchy became obsolete. Gaddafi became dictator of Libya and remained in power for 42 years.
In 1984, Britain severed diplomatic relations with Libya after a female police officer was killed outside the Libyan embassy in London. In 1986, a bomb exploded at a German nightclub. The United States believed that the Libyans involved, so they bombed Libya.
In 1992 and 1993, it imposed UN sanctions on Libya for its involvement in the 1988 destruction of a passenger plane over Lockerbie.
Meanwhile, in 1999, the Italian government apologized for the brutal conquest of Libya decades ago.
However, in 2011 a revolution took place in Libya and Gaddafi was killed.
In the early 21st century, Libya was still dependent on oil. Libya still has vast reserves of oil. However, Libya suffered from high unemployment. In 2020, Libya has a population of 6.8 million.
The population is 6,856,000 with an average age of 28.8 years. Life expectancy is 76.5 years for women in Libya and 6.70 years for men.
Thirty percent of Libya’s population is under the age of 15 and two-thirds is under the age of 30. There are about 120 tribes in this country. Over the past few years, there has been a clear trend towards traditional Islamism in Libya.
According to 2001 statistics, about 1.3% of the population infect with AIDS.
Common languages in this country include Arabic, English and Italian.
78% of Libya’s population lives in cities.
The culture of Libya is such that you can achieve good results economically. In the culture of this country, one can both enter university and make good progress in the career path.
Of course, the culture of the Libyan people is that they know science better.
The culture of living in Libya is such that one should be able to move slowly in the path of etiquette and socialization. It is clear that the culture of living in Libya is such that one can accurately predict.
Of course, the cultural path in Libya has been followed in certain categories. In this country, the government has tried to popularize the culture of urbanization.
The culture of living in this country in the economic field is such that people have a certain saving space
Libya is an Arab country located on the African continent. Egypt, Sudan and Niger are its neighbors and share a land border.
Libya is the fourth largest country on the African continent, with 90 percent of the country being a hot desert. There is a lot of grass in this country.
The green parts of Libya are on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, and in general, 90% of the country’s population lives in the Mediterranean, and other parts are desert. In general, the historical course of the country has grown a lot.