The Kyrgyzstan flag was adopted following the fall of the Soviet Union and the beginning of the country’s independence in modern times.
The flag reflects the traditional culture of Kyrgyzstan to ensure that it can fully represent the nation and its citizens.
The Kyrgyz flag was adopted by the Kyrgyz Supreme Council on March 3, 1992. It is a red square with a yellow sun in the center that has 40 rays with a uniform distance.
In the center of the sun is a red ring crossed by two sets of three lines, a light display of Kyrgyzstan’s traditional tündük or yurt crown, a symbol repeated in many aspects of Kyrgyz architecture.
The red background of the flag is a symbol of courage and bravery, the sun represents peace and wealth, and the tandoor represents the family home or the world at large.
Kyrgyzstan’s first flag represented the nation while it was part of the Soviet Union. It had a dark red square divided by three horizontal stripes.
The center divider bar was white, while the other two were dark blue.
To show the political connection between the people of Kyrgyzstan and the rest of the Soviet Union, the canton displayed gold cross-section sand and hammers in gold.
The flag fell off with the collapse of the Soviet Union at the end of the 20th century. Kyrgyzstan then became an independent state, and the government chose a new flag to represent the newly independent state.
The Kyrgyz Supreme Council elected the new Kyrgyz flag in 1992 and has used it ever since.
Color and symbol
The modern Kyrgyz flag has a solid red square with a complex symbol in the center.
The golden sign is a stylized sun with forty rays and several lines through which it arches.
These lines represent the upper part of the traditional jute, which serves as a symbol of Kyrgyz traditional culture and the importance of the family.
The symbol of wealth and peace is sun.
The red background shows the courage and bravery of the people. Forty Rays from the Sun refers to one of the largest literary works produced in Kyrgyzstan, the Manas Epic.
This epic was an oral poem that connected the story of Manas and united the tribes of Kyrgyzstan and fought all kinds of foreign enemies.
Each ray on the flag represents one of the tribes that brought Manas together and made them a symbol of unity within the country as well as a reflection of its literary heritage.
Kyrgyzstan Flag Color Codes
|Name: Medium Candy Apple Red|
RGB: (232, 17, 45)
CMYK: 0, 0.926, 0.806, 0.090
|Name: Canary Yellow|
RGB: (255, 239, 0)
CMYK: 0, 0.062, 1, 0
Coat of arms of Kyrgyzstan
The Kyrgyz emblem adopted in 1992. The design includes a blue circle with a hawk behind the Tian Shan Mountains and a rising sun.
Surrounding these images are the words “Kyrgyz Respublikasy” and wheat, cotton.
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The Republic of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan is a country in Central Asia. It has borders with China to the east, Tajikistan to the south, Kazakhstan to the north, and Uzbekistan to the west.
The capital and largest city of this country is Bishkek. The population was 5,362,800 at the 2009 census and estimated at 5,957,000 in 2015.
The population of the Kyrgyz capital is 870,000. The official language is Kyrgyz and Russian.
Kyrgyzstan, along with Kazakhstan, is the only countries in Central Asia that have kept Russian as their official language.
In Kyrgyzstan, Russian and Kyrgyz are both official languages. Kyrgyz is a branch of Turkic languages.
72.6% of Kyrgyz people are Kyrgyz
14.4% Russian, and the rest ethnic.
Under Kyrgyzstan’s secular government, 80 percent of the country’s population is Muslim and 17 percent is Russian Orthodox.
Kyrgyz cultural roots come from the Yenisei River in the Altai Mountains. They appear to have migrated and settled in the 10th century from Altai, now in Kyrgyzstan.
The Seljuk Turks and the Mongols have greatly influenced the culture of this region.
The Kyrgyz learned Islam and archery from the Seljuk Turks and skilled horsemanship from Central Asian Turkic riders. Agile riders are still found in this country.
In the early 19th century, Kyrgyzstan came under the rule of the Khokhand Khanate.
In 1876, Kyrgyzstan was annexed to the Russian Empire, sparking some tensions and riots. During Russian rule, many Kyrgyz migrated to China and Afghanistan.
In 1918 the Soviet Union established in the region and in 1924 Kyrgyzstan became part of the Kara-Kyrgyz Autonomous Region.
In 1926 it was renamed the Kyrgyz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and again in 1936, it was recognized as the Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic as part of the USSR.
During Soviet rule, Kyrgyzstan developed economically and socially. In 1924 the new Arabic alphabet was recognized, which was later changed to Latin in 1928 and to Cyrillic in 1941.
According to the last Soviet census in 1989, Kyrgyz made up only 22 percent of the population of the city of Frunze (modern-day Bishkek), and more than 60 percent of the population was Russian, Ukrainian, and other Slavic-speaking people.
Kyrgyzstan gained independence in 1991.
There have been periods of ethnic tensions between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks in Jalalabad in southern Kyrgyzstan.
The revolution in April 2012 led to the overthrow of the government of former Kyrgyz President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov, leading to the drafting of a new constitution and the establishment of a transitional government.
In November 2011, presidential elections were held in this country.
Culture of the Kyrgyz people
The customs of the Kyrgyz people are very extensive. Kyrgyz culture is closely followed, and it is clear that Islamic customs are highly valued in the country.
Kyrgyzstan is very veiled and it is rare for a person to wear open clothes. Traditional and colorful clothes are used in traditional ceremonies in this country.
The people of Kyrgyzstan are very kind and the language of the people of this country is generally different from other languages.
The dialect of each region is based on the average age of the people living in this region.
Kyrgyz people have their own customs. The country still has long-standing traditions among young people:
kissing hands during greetings, for example, is an important part of Kyrgyz culture, with people trying to bow to each other.
Customs in this country are also taken seriously in the field of eating, most people are silent while eating and people should not talk loudly while eating. Walking is part of the culture of the Kyrgyz people.
Geography of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in Central Asia. It covers an area of 199,951 square kilometers, slightly more than Kerman province.
The maximum east-west extension of this country is 900 km and the maximum north-south extension is 410 km.
Kyrgyzstan bordered with China to the east and southeast, Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, and Tajikistan to the south.
Its borders with Tajikistan and Uzbekistan are very winding in the Fergana Valley.
Kyrgyzstan has an average altitude of 2,750 meters:
its highest peak is the peak of the Battle of Chaqusu at 7,439 meters. Also, its lowest point is 394 meters in the Fergana Valley near Osh.
Nearly 90% of the country is 1,500 meters above sea level.
Kyrgyzstan has mild summers and very harsh winters. The average rainfall is between 100 and 500 mm.
In the Fergana Mountains, this average increases by 750–1,000 mm per year.
The country’s population is concentrated in the western extremities and northern parts of the country.
The Narin River, a tributary of the Sea, is the mainstream of the country’s rivers. It is located in the northern part of the large basin of Lake Isikkol, which is located at an altitude of more than 1,600 meters.
The country has a mountainous climate, except in the plains of the Narin River.