The Iraq flag consists of three horizontal stripes in black, white, and red. After the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, Saddam Hussein added the slogan “Allah Akbar” to the Iraqi flag.
It was in Kufic script to gain the support of Islamic countries.
It is also worth mentioning that these two words Saddam designed in the handwriting for the flag.
The flag of Iraq recognized since 1921 with the same theme but with many changes.
In different periods, this flag has undergone many changes. Also, has been added by the powers that be to add designs, names, and symbols to the flag.
History Of the flag
The history of the Iraqi flag with its current shape and colors of red, white, and black from 1921. It is until now is official.
After World War I, Britain occupied Mesopotamia, a “land between rivers.”
Perhaps as early as 1921, he used his father’s flag – black and white horizontal stripes with a red triangle.
On July 10, 1924, the Organic Law amended the scheme by shortening the triangle and adding two seven-colored white stars representing the Arabs and Kurds.
On July 14, 1959, a brand new flag was flown. Its vertical stripes were black and white.
Also, the main emblem included a yellow sun (for the Kurds) covered with eight red rays.
Changing the Iraqi flag with the Freedom Badge in 1963
The Iraqi flag in 1959 was replaced on July 31, 1963, by a version of the Arab Liberation Flag. Its horizontal stripes were set to red and black.
Reform of the Iraqi flag in 1991
On January 14, 1991, the history of the Iraqi flag was amended by presidential decree.
By adding the Arabic inscription “Alho Akbar” between the three stars on the flag, which was supposed to reflect an Islamic commitment when Iraq decided to reverse Kuwait’s annexation by military forces.
History of the Iraqi flag in the 21st century
On April 26, 2004, the Iraqi Governing Council announced a new national flag.
It designed with four unequal horizontal stripes from top to bottom in white, blue, yellow, and blue with a light blue crescent on the white stripe.
Symbol and colors
The flag of Iraq has a ratio of 2 * 3 and has 3 colors: white, red, and black, with red at the top, white in the center, and black at the bottom of the flag.
The three green stars adopted in the Iraqi flag express the desire to unite with Egypt and Syria.
Colors embraced 13th century poetry by Shafi’ud al-Jaili, who used red as a tendency to shed blood, green for Arab farms, black for battles, and white for purity of motives and actions.
Iraq Flag Color Codes
After Saddam invaded Kuwait in 1991, Saddam added the words Allah and Akbar to the Iraqi flag
In 2004, Saddam was overthrown and the flag design raised by changing the handwriting of Allah and Akbar on the flag.
Now, the official flag of Iraq is the same as the design of the former flag, in which the word Allah Akbar is engraved in white.
Pictures of Iraq flag
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About the Republic of Iraq
Iraq, officially the Republic of Iraq, is a country in the Middle East and Southwest Asia, bordered by Saudi Arabia and Kuwait to the south, Jordan and Syria to the west, Iran to the east, and Turkey to the north.
Iraq to the south has a small blue border with the Persian Gulf. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers flow from north to south of the country and flow into the Persian Gulf.
The area of Iraq is 438,317 square kilometers. The land of Iraq generally consists of four natural areas:
Alluvial plains of central and southeastern regions of the country; Highlands in the north between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (known as Algiers); Deserts to the west and south; And northeastern heights.
Each of these areas also extends into the territory of neighboring countries, except for the alluvial plains, which are mainly located inside Iraq.
Knewing the land of Iraq the “cradle of civilization” because the world’s oldest civilization, the Sumerians, is here.
The Sumerians invented writing and began the first recorded date. More than 3,000 years of Sumerian civilization flourished in the Tigris-Euphrates River valley.
The next great civilization to emerge in this land was the Babylonian Empire in the 1800s BC.
The Babylonians would gain great power in the region until the defeat and conquest of the Persian Empire led by Cyrus the Great in the sixth century BC.
Over the next few hundred years, the land will be recaptured by various empires, including Greece, Parthians, Romans, and Persians.
In the 7th century, the Islamic Empire took control of power and ruled until 1500 AD after the Ottoman Empire came to power.
With the end of World War I, the British took over the Ottoman Empire. In 1932, Iraq became an independent state governed by a constitutional monarchy.
It was declared a republic in 1958, but was actually ruled by a series of dictators. The last dictator was Saddam Hussein.
Iraq invaded Kuwait, In 1990. It is the first Gulf War in which US-led forces expelled Iraq and forced Iraq to restrict weapons and ammunition under the United Nations.
Also, In 2003, when Iraq refused to conclude previous agreements, the United States invaded Iraq in what became known as the Second Gulf War, ousting Saddam Hussein.
Iraqis divided into two major Islamic groups, Shiites and Sunnis.
Who are about 60% Shiites, 37% Sunnis, and 3% followers of other religions (Christians, Jews, Assyrians, etc.)
The Shiites, who make up the majority of Iraq’s population, live mostly in southern and central Iraq.
The presence of the tombs of Shiite imams in the holy cities of Iraq such as Karbala and Najaf, as well as the existence of the seminary of Najaf.
As a result, the constant presence of Shiite scholars in these cities has strengthened Shiite culture and this has brought Iraqi Shiites culturally close to Shiite Iranians.
After the overthrow of Saddam’s government, Shiites have gained more power and influence and can speak much more freely about their religious identity.
In addition to Shiite Muslims, Sunni Arabs form another part of Iraq’s socio-cultural structure, based on the Arab ethnicity and Sunni religion, and strengthened by the Sunni Arab minority in Iraq over the past decades.
Arabic and Kurdish are the official languages of the Iraqi people.
Of course, other languages such as Azerbaijani Turkish (Iraqi Turkmen), Persian, Lori Fili, New Chaldean (from Aramaic), Armenian, Assyrian, Dumari (Gypsy), Gorani (from the northwestern branch of Kurdish) and … in this The country is spoken.
Culturally, Iraqis value family, and large families or large tribes have political and social power.
Family members must take responsibility for their behavior and actions, and any mistake will disgrace the whole family.
Loyalty to the family takes precedence over other social relationships and even business.
There is a brotherhood among the Iraqi people. Also, since they do not have a negative view on this issue. They naturally offer job offers to their families, because they are people they trust.
Most large families live in a house, neighborhood, or village. In urban areas, people do not necessarily live in the same house. Although they are usually on the same street or close to each other.