The Gambia flag was formally adopted on February 18, 1965. To replace the British colonial flag, which had been replaced by the blue Gambian emblem. The Gambian flag was designed by Luis Thomas and has been the flag of Senegal since independence, including during the Confederate period.
The Gambian flag consists of three horizontal bands equal to red (top), blue and green. These colors have regional, cultural, and political meanings. Red means the Gambia is close to the sun, an abbreviation of the sun and savannah.
The blue color represents the Gambia River, the main feature of the country, and the green color symbolizes forests and agriculture. Thin white stripes represent unity and peace
The British first entered present-day Gambia in 1661, when they conquered James Island. They continued to build castles around the confluence of the Gambia and the Atlantic Ocean and gradually expanded their control upstream.
The area became a sanctuary under Sierra Leone in the 1820s and finally emerged in 1888 as a separate crown colony from the United Kingdom in its colonial empire.
This newly discovered situation gave the Gambia its “definite” colonial flag.
This is because, under the Colonial Maritime Defense Act of 1865, colonies were allowed to use the British Blue Badge and tamper with it with their homeland arms. The arms of the Gambia at that time consisted of a circle representing an elephant, a palm tree, and a tree. Hills, along with the letter “G” which stands for the first letter of the territory name.
The Gambia was granted autonomy in 1963. This distorted blue badge was used until full independence in 1965. The design for the new flag was created by Louis Thomas, who worked as an accountant.
It is one of the few African flags that does not use the color of the country’s leading political party because its design has “no political basis”.
It was first raised at midnight on February 18, 1965, the day the Gambia became an independent state.
In 1982, the Gambia formed a confederation with Senegal, which lasted seven years before its dissolution in 1989. However, this closer union did not lead to a change in national symbols, during which time the Gambian flag continued to fly.
Colors and meaning
The Gambian national flag consists of three horizontal stripes of red, blue, and green separated by thin white stripes. The blue stripe represents the Gambia River, which not only represents the name of the country but also plays a major role in its economic and political history.
Red represents the sun and savannah, while the green stripe stands for the country’s forests and fields. The white stripes represent peace and unity.
Gambia Flag Color Codes
Coat of arms
The Gambia emblem was created by Nicholas Putin and adopted in 1964 and was retained even after independence. It shows two lions held on the ground and tilted shovels (agricultural symbols) and supported by a shield.
A helmet belongs to the top of the bumper and an oil palm. National motto: Progres, Peace, prosperity, displayed on the ribbon below. These two lions symbolize the history of The Gambia as part of the British Empire and its two main ethnic groups. Fulani and Mandinka. The palm tree is the vital national tree of the Gambia
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The Republic of Gambia
The Gambia is officially the Republic of the Gambia, a country in West Africa. It is the smallest country on the African mainland and is surrounded by Senegal, except for the Atlantic coast.
The Gambia is located on both sides of the lower Gambia River, which flows through the center of the Gambia and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. As of the April 2013 census, it covers an area of 10,689 square kilometers (4,127 square miles) and has a population of 1,857,181. Banjul is the capital of Gambia and the largest metropolis in the country. The largest city is Serrekunda.
In the history of Gambia, the situation is such that in 1455, the Portuguese entered the country. This approach led to a good improvement in the occupied space of this country. It is clear that in the history of this country the economic situation is routinely assessed, but this country is on the list of countries that were occupied by Britain 3 centuries later in 1765.
During this period, many offices set on fire, and women allowed participating in society. They were a little worried. This historical period of the Gambia is very strange and the situation of this country has had many conflicts.
The Gambia, after a long struggle in 1965, was able to fully gain its independence, so that all the occupying countries withdrew from the Gambia, and this approach led to an improvement in the country’s tourism situation. In 1981, a confederation of Senegal and the Gambia was formed, for which the name Singapore was chosen.
There were many reasons for such a name to be chosen for the two countries, and of course, the Gambia’s position in this regard was carefully considered. In this regard, the President of the Gambia was elected as the Vice President of the country, and at the same time, the two countries retained their sovereignty.
The Gambia has a gross domestic product of $ 338.1 billion and employs about 400,000 people, including about 75% of the agricultural sector. The inflation rate in this country announced at 5.3 percent.
This rate seems a bit strange due to the economic situation of the Gambia and the government needs to carefully review the rates of basic necessities of life in the Gambia.
In the line of trade, especially the Gambia, exports are mostly to India, and export products include cotton and transit goods, as well as peanuts.
It is clear that the position of exported products has an impact on the world economy. Among the export products seen in the Gambia, some products have a professional symbol and have been able to have a better approach towards the international economy of this country.
The import situation in the Gambia is in the field of factory production. There are very few factories in the Gambia, which allows people to take advantage of a good economic situation.
It is clear that imported products in this country have a more accurate and acceptable approach. In any case, among the imported products of this country, food can be considered the most important option.
It is clear that the Gambia’s economic approach and financial resources associated with specific tariffs.
According to the 2007 census, the Gambia has a population of 1,700,000, of which 45% are under 14 years old, 52% are between 15 and 64 years old and 3% are over 65 years old. The Gambia has a population growth rate of about 3.2 percent.
The Gambia has a birth rate of 42.28 per thousand population, a mortality rate of 13.21 per person, and a migration rate of 2.97 per person. Life expectancy is 51 years for Gambian men and 55 years for Gambian women
The population of Gambia is 1.688 million. It is clear that this population is in a better position than other countries. The age group of 8 to 17 years old are in this country. Adolescents have a high life expectancy and are very careful in learning the skills of the day.
This approach in children is more about doing good deeds so that good deeds can ultimately create a good economic situation for these people. Surveys show that life expectancy for women in this country has reached 56, and men have reduced their life expectancy to 52 years.
In the culture of the Gambian people, a lot of time is for watching TV. In fact, the people of this country like to watch TV programs and try to dedicate themselves to TV programs and take communication seriously.
On the other hand, there is a good opportunity for urban culture in this country. People in cities are less involved in life and less likely to pursue personal issues together.
In recent years, the government has considered the country’s economic investment in the best position and is trying to grow investment. The economic situation of the Gambia can be a precise economic mechanism and this approach is followed in certain categories.
The Gambia has an area of 10,689 square kilometers. However, it is located on the west coast of Africa, and of course, it seems to be the smallest country on the continent. It is a distinct strip along the east and followed within Senegal. The strip borders the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
About 18% of the country’s soil is suitable for agriculture, 9% of the country’s natural pastures and another 28% are forests. The location of this country has been studied in geographical conditions. The Gambia River is about 1127 km long and has certain alluvium.
On the other hand, there is a fertile species in this country. The Gambia has a distinct tropical position, and this approach ultimately puts the country in a tropical climate. The Gambia is on the list of countries with a very strong economic situation. In fact, the geography of this country also has a tourism situation. The government has made efforts to demarcate the country.
The economic situation is unstable and weak, and the economic development conditions of this country have improved.