Every country has its own flag and every flag has a meaning and history behind it. The French flag is no exception. The flag, known in French as the French Tricolor or ‘Le Drapeau Tricolor’, is one of the most interesting and historic flags in the history of Europe.
French Tricolor flag has three bands, all vertically, blue, white, and red, respectively. Blue and red are the colors of the national emblem of Paris and are traditional in the French capital.
White represents the Bourbon House, which ruled France from the 16th century until the Revolution in 1789. These three colors together are brotherhood, equality, and freedom.
Blue, white, and red also represents the ancient French regime with three properties. Blue stands for the defined sociological class, the bourgeoisie, and is first and foremost.
White represents the clergy. Red stands for originality and is at the end. Red and blue represent the superior color of white, and therefore white is in the center.
During the reign of Louis XVI, the French people revolted. It had participated in the American Revolution and its resources were running out. The country was on the verge of bankruptcy. Heavy taxes were imposed on the people.
In 1789, the French people, dissatisfied with the monarchy and tired of the ruling policies, raised their voices and caused a revolution.
The country’s political system underwent extensive reforms that led to the eradication of absolute monarchy.
The people portrayed themselves with a strong will, wanting to take responsibility for their country to improve it. This period was known as the French Revolution, which ended with the coming to power of Napoleon Bonaparte.
This French Revolution, which lasted from 1799-1789, plays an important role in the history of the design of the French tricolor flag.
The French revolutionaries were heavily inspired by the Dutch flag, which is also displayed in red, white and blue. They used this effect to add the color of the flag to the white flag of the French Navy in 1790, but in reverse order.
After four years, the three colors of France were established as the official flag of France, but the color order of the navy was reversed.
By 1848, the design of the French flag underwent several changes. Napoleon, I restored the previous white flag of the French navy under his rule in 1814.
Louis Felipe, after the revolution in 1830, restored the color of three colors, blue, red, and white, respectively. In 1848, the tricolor was changed to blue, white, and red and has been the national flag ever since.
History says that under the rule of the former kings of France around 1200, three French colors were inspired by the national emblem of the time, as well as fleurs-de-lis, which had golden lilies on a blue crown.
The flag was gold on a white background during the reign of the Bourbons. Thus, the inspiration for the current three-color French flag has its roots in the French Revolution and is very different from previous times.
The French flag consists of a lighter version as well as a darker version. While there is no specific situation where one is used instead of the other, lighter ones are usually used for digital purposes.
The President of France, Valerie Giscard d’Estaing, introduced a lighter version of the 1976 government speech to display the flag on television. Today, when the president speaks on national television, the tricolor flag of France and the European Union is behind him. Public places usually have a darker version of the flag, while formal buildings are decorated with lighter ones.
The largest French tricolor is adorned under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. Its dimensions are 9 meters by 1350 meters.
This flag is not usually seen in churches, but in Paris, in the Cathedral of Saint Louis-Des-Invalides, this flag exists because it is the Church of the Soldiers.
Today, the French flag inspires the colors found in the national flags of various other countries, especially in Europe as well as the former French colonies in Africa.
Historically, it is the tricolor of France, the most influential flag in the world, and stands for democracy, modernization, secularism, and opposition to the authoritarian methods of the past.
Meaning and colors
White is the traditional color of the Bourbon house that ruled France from the late 16th century until the French Revolution. On the flag, white represents the king.
The red and blue colors on the flag represent the city of Paris. Revolutionaries traditionally flew red and blue in Paris.
Similarly, during the invasion of the Bastille in 1789, the revolutionaries wore blue (blue) and red (ribbon) cocoons on their hats.
French Flag Colors Hex, RGB & CMYK Codes
|Name: USAFA Blue|
RGB: (0, 85, 164)
CMYK: 1, 0.481, 0, 0.356
RGB: (239, 65, 53)
CMYK: 0, 0.728, 0.778, 0.062
RGB: (255, 255, 255)
CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0
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The Republic of France
France, officially the Republic of France, is a country in southwestern Europe, with an area of 643 square kilometers, the largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, as well as the third-largest country in continental Europe.
France has the most diverse climate due to its size and location, and tourists can see a variety of plains, mountains, beaches, and high mountains.
It is good to know that there are only three countries that have access to the Atlantic Sea from their shores and some others to the Mediterranean Sea, one of these three countries is France, and this shows the vastness of this country.
France has a population of 69 million and is the second-most populous country in the European Union. It is good to know that the people of this country often speak French, which is the official language of the French Republic.
It should also be noted that most French people are Catholic Christians, ie about 88% of the total population, and the rest of the people (about 12%) are Muslims and Protestant Christians.
Of course, you should know that about 1% of the Jewish people also live in this country. The interesting thing about the people of this country is that they all respect each other despite the differences in race and religion.
The history of France can be traced back to the beginning of the formation of this land in Western Europe. In 125 BC, a part of Europe that included France, Konya, Belgium, and Switzerland became known as the Flower Lands, which were gradually conquered by the Romans.
In 484 AD, Clovis I was able to retake the territory from the Romans. Over the centuries, the land rotated between different kings and rulers, until from 1337 to 1453, there was a hundred-year war between the British army and the French.
The Hundred Years’ War of France over the English Channel took place. In a naval battle that took place in 1340, the French army was defeated on the plain and the British were victorious.
Over the years, the British were able to take control of large parts of France; It was not until the sacrifices of a revolutionary named Jandarak that the occupied territories were liberated from British rule.
The reign of Louis XIV in France dates back to 1661. The year 1789 is very important for France because, during these years, the great French Revolution took place. It was during these years that the turmoil in France reached such a level that many dissidents revolted across the country.
In 1799, Napoleon built a coup d’etat and in 1804 proclaimed himself emperor of France.
The reign of Napoleon Bena Part lasted only 11 years; In 1815, Napoleon’s army was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo, succeeded by Louis XVIII. The years of World War I in France, 1918, is the most difficult period in history. During this time, France suffered heavy losses.
The traces of General Charles de Gaulle can be seen in the success of the French government in 1944. All French colonies became independent after 1945. France is currently a member of the European Union and has a lot of power and influence in Europe.
An Overview of the French Revolution
France’s seven-year war created many problems for the country. The turmoil in the country on the one hand and the incompetence of the kings on the other led to a great revolution in 1789.
At that time, the kingdom was ruled by Louis XVI. During his reign, the situation in the country was greatly weakened by the wars waged by Louis XV.
The government’s financial situation was in a very terrible state. The government’s economic system was inadequate and the French government could not run its affairs.
In this turbulent situation, Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were having fun at the Palace of Versailles. Taxes were heavy on the people, and famine and famine pervaded many cities in France.
Eventually, in 1799, Napoleon Bana Part took command of the army, forcing the government to retreat and defeat it, due to many power struggles, unfortunate events, and successive wars.
In fact, the Great French Revolution is considered an internal revolution against the unhealthy situation and incompetence of the king.
Of course, Napoleon fought many battles during his reign, but in his last battle, he was defeated and exiled to Alba Island.
It was not long before he was able to return from the island in 1815 and regain power. His rule lasted until the Waterloo War. After losing the war, he was exiled to St. Helen’s Island.
The most important sources of income and finance that have taken control of the French economy include the French industry, tourism, agriculture, mining, as well as the transport and transportation industry in this country.
French industry has made significant progress around the world; Among the most important manufacturing plants in this country are the aerospace, shipbuilding, metals and machinery, chemicals, food, animal husbandry, and textile industries.
France’s mines also play an important role in the economy and its revenue generation. Mines such as salt, sulfur, oil and natural gas, potash and coal, phosphate, etc., are the largest sources of financing in this country. Textiles, stock market investments, agriculture, and animal husbandry are other sources of economic growth in France.
The tourism industry, which is also part of the transportation industry, has boosted the European country’s revenue streams.
The culture of France has undergone many changes and transformations throughout history. The French people, their customs and traditions have also been influenced by history.
The 17th century can be considered the era of artistic and cultural change, especially culture, literature, and decorative arts in Europe. At the end of the 19th century, arts such as filmmaking, cooking, and fashion emerged in the country. Music, science, and technology are other parts of the cultural development and civilization of France.
The issue of hijab and Islamic dress in France is a challenging debate. Hijab has been shifted towards foreign policy in European countries, especially in France.
According to a decree issued by the French government in 2005, it is forbidden to wear any Islamic symbol, to wear a full veil in schools and workplaces, and to have an Islamic discourse in society.
In France, values and respect for the elder are of paramount importance. In total, families in this country have one or two children. The French value their friendships and relationships and try to be always kind.
The people of France are very fashionable and follow fashion. This country is the fashion industry in the world. These people are very interested in glamorous lives.
The cuisine is very important in France, and French sauces are still highly valued all over the world. People in this country have a habit of kissing twice on the cheeks of the person in question when greeting their friends.
Whatever restaurant you choose in this country, the ingredients will be fresh.
France shares borders with Belgium, Luxembourg, Italy, Switzerland, Spain, Germany and the Mediterranean Sea, and the waters of the North Atlantic Ocean.
The country has natural coastal attractions in the north and west, as well as mountainous areas, especially the Alps in the east. The most beautiful views of the Alps with snow-capped peaks can be seen in France.
In general, the climate in France is temperate. The western parts of France, near the ocean, have milder conditions; The people of this region are witnessing a lot of rain. In most cities of this country, summer is hot and winter is very cold.