The Phoenix flag is the official municipal flag of Phoenix, Arizona. Its current design is simply a Maroon Square with a white phoenix emblem in the center. This is the second project in the history of the city and has been implemented since 1990 instead of the flag adopted in 1921.
Flag from 1921 to 1990
The first Phoenix flag designed for a competition organized by the Phoenix Chamber of Commerce in 1921. The winner of the first place is unknown and did not select because this design intended for a very decorated flag.
The runner-up, Frederick C. Green, was instead. The flag had a dark blue field with a gray phoenix facing the outer edge of the flag, in front of a 48-pointed golden sun. Below this, a white banner with a gold symbol read “Phoenix City, Arizona”.
The plan implemented during Industry Week and Ceasefire Day Parade on November 11, 1921, and formally approved by Phoenix City Council with Resolution 554. The original proportions were 52 by 66 inches, but later versions were 5 by 6 were made.
The second flag
In the fall of 1986, the Phoenix government decided that a more integrated brand would benefit the city because it provided a recognizable image of the city. In addition, standardizing official government products saves about $ 50,000.
As a result, an ideal logo contest launched and launched in March 1987, with rules stating that the design must include a phoenix bird and the words “Phoenix City”.
About 277 more entries received from people and firms around Phoenix, but some came from Sari, England. Of these, ten selected as semi-finalists and held a roundtable discussion in June 1987.
The lectures were held at Phoenix Civic Plaza in front of several hundred people. Of these, four made progress and delivered speeches to the Phoenix City Council.
With four ballot boxes in the city, these four logo designs were voted on by the people. A 1-900 phone number was set up and ballots were printed in the Arizona Republic Arizona newspaper and municipal water bills.
More than 20,000 ballots were cast by rating ballot, which won the Design Award from graphic design firm Smit Ghormley Sanft.
The current flag, using the Phoenix Birds logo from the competition, was officially adopted as the official Phoenix flag on February 14, 1990, following the repeal of the aforementioned 1921 resolution.
The change went smoothly and was even surprising to some, as the new brand created almost three years ago, with no action taken on the city flag.
The flag made its first appearance at the inauguration of Mayor Paul Johnson.
Also, the design ranked fourth out of 150 U.S. city flags in a 2004 poll by the North American Virology Association, with only the flags of Washington, DC, Chicago, and Denver.
The flag also appears on the cover of the 2003 NAVA book, Flags of the City of America. 2015 Gizmodo article ranks Phoenix among the city’s worst flags, but calls its design “too simple”.
Meaning and Design
The flag consists of a 5: 9 aspect ratio and consists of a maroon background and a white phoenix in the center of the flag, the same symbol used in the phoenix seal.
Also, the wings have been shown solely to give a sense of proportion. In Greek, “phoenix” means purple, a fact that reflected in the choice of flag color. The mythical Phoenix is the name of a city that suggested by Darrell Dupa in 1868 because it describes a city born of the ruins of former Native American civilizations.
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Phoenix is the capital and most populous city of Arizona, with 1,680,992 people (as of 2019). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States and the largest state capital in terms of population and the only state capital with a population of over one million.
Metropolises are the 11th most populous city in the United States, with a population of approximately 4.73 million as of 2017.
Phoenix is the capital of Maricopa County and the state’s largest city with 517.9 square miles (13,341 square kilometers), more than double Tucson and one of the largest cities in the United States.
Early Native American History
The Hohukams are the first known settlers in the Phoenix region. The tribe made the Phoenix region their home for more than 2,000 years. The Badie tribe inhabited the dry salt river valley and built an extensive system of irrigation canals over 135 miles.
Some of the channels originally created by Hohokam are still in use today. Hohokam suddenly disappeared in 1450 solar years. Historians are not sure what caused the tribe to be so sudden, but they think it was the result of widespread drought.
Establishment of Phoenix
At the end of the Mexican-American War in 1848, the United States gained control of the Phoenix region from the Mexicans. Phoenix founded twenty years later in 1868 by John W. Swing.
As Swilling crossed the Salt River Valley, he saw the potential of the earth, just like Hohokam. He noted that although the area is arid, it has the ideal land and climate for agriculture. The only substance lost was water. Swilling and his settlement party solved the water problem by building a series of canals on the old Hohokam canals.
Also, the name “Phoenix” comes from Darell Dupa, a settler in Swilling’s party. Dupa suggested the name because it predicted that, like the legendary Phoenix rising from its ashes, a large city would emerge from the ruins of the former Hohokam civilization.
The main population of Phoenix was only 250 people. Phoenix had a population of about 2,500 and was as a city in 1881.
In 1887, the South Pacific train entered Phoenix, which changed the city forever. With the advent of railways, the economy changed and Phoenix went from a purely agricultural city to a trading market.
Arizona became a state on February 14, 1912, and on the same day, Phoenix named the capital. Major technological advances fueled growth in the city in the early twentieth century.
In 1906, Theodore Roosevelt began the construction of the Theodore Roosevelt Dam on the Salt River. The dam provided water for irrigation and electricity in the city. Roosevelt dedicated the dam on May 18, 1911. At the time of its construction, it was the largest masonry dam in the world.
By 1920, Phoenix was booming, doubling its population to 30,000. Arizona’s first skyscraper, the Heard Building, built-in 1920 and had seven floors. The economy during this period based on cotton, citrus, and cattle, all of which made possible by Theodore Roosevelt.
After World War II
The end of World War II brought many changes to Phoenix, Arizona. The population continued to grow as veterans sent to Phoenix military bases saw the potential of the city and returned with their families.
Technological advances had a profound effect on Phoenix. The economy shifted from a purely agricultural city to an industrial city. Air conditioning for private homes also became affordable during this period.
With temperatures hovering above 100 degrees Celsius in summer, Phoenix was now a pleasant place to live all year round. The retirees who are now flocking to the city very affected by the air conditioning.
Another milestone in Phoenix’s history was the construction of the Central Arizona Aqueduct System (CAP), which began in 1973. CAP brought a safe and sustainable water source to the city. The aqueduct system is 336 miles long and used some of the same canals that originally built by Hohokam thousands of years ago.
Modern Phoenix, Arizona
Phoenix today covers an area of 520 square miles and has a diverse population of 1.5 million. It is currently the fifth-largest city in the country. Phoenix’s population is growing as people decide to call this big city their home.
Phoenix’s early economy focused on agriculture and natural resources, especially “5C” copper, cattle, climate, cotton, and citrus. With the establishment of the South Pacific Railroad in 1926, the opening of Union Station in 1923. With the establishment of Sky Harbor Airport at the end of the decade, the city became easily accessible.
The Great Depression affected Phoenix, but Phoenix had a diverse economy and recovering in 1934. With the end of World War II, the valley’s economy peaked as many of the men.
The construction industry, which created by the growth of the city, expanded further. It became a model for suburban development in post-World War II America, and Sun City became the model for retirement communities in the 1960s.
Phoenix located in the southwestern United States, in southwestern Arizona. It is located approximately halfway to Tucson in the southeast and Flagstaff in the north.
By car, the city is approximately 150 miles (240 km) north of the US-Mexico border at Sonoyta and 180 miles (290 km) north of the Nogales border. The urban area is the “Sun Valley” because of its location in the Salt River Valley.
With an average height of 1086 feet (331 meters), it is located in the northern part of the Sonoran Desert.
With the exception of the mountains in and around the city, Phoenix’s topography is generally flat. Scattered and low-lying mountain ranges surround the valley:
the McDowell Mountains to the northeast, the White Reservoir Mountains to the west, the Superstition Mountains to the far east, and both the South and Sierra Stella mountains to the south/southwest.
Camelback Mountain, North Mountain, Sunnyslope Mountain, and Piestewa Peak are located in the heart of the valley. The suburbs have large fields of irrigated farmland and Native American reserve land.
The Salt River flows west through the Phoenix, but the riverbed is often dry or has little water due to the large diversion of irrigation. South Mountain separates the Ahwatukee community from the rest of the city.
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