The current Myanmar flag is one of the youngest flags in the world, but the historical flags of this country are one of the oldest flags recorded in Asia.
It is common to find a historic Myanmar flag registered as the Burmese flag, but these two terms are largely interchangeable.
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Myanmar Union, on October 21, 2010,4 adopted the new government flag to replace the former socialist flag in use in 1974.
The flag design has three horizontal stripes in yellow, green, and red with a five-pointed white star in the middle. The three colors of the ribbons mean a symbol of solidarity, peace and tranquility and courage and determination.
History of the Myanmar flag
The first recorded flag of Burma, the Kingdom of Hunthawadi, is a leading country for the modern nation of Myanmar. It showed the yellow peacock in a green view on a green background.
This flag put into operation at some point around 1300 and continued to some extent around 1500.
On the recorded date of the flag there is a distance between that point and 1752, when the next flag is accepted.
Given that the next flag also shows the peacock, it is likely that this bird also displayed in the middle flags as a symbol of the nation.
The flag of the Third Burmese Empire showed a peacock in a white square.
It was a symbol of the nation and the Konbaung dynasty that ruled it, and in 1885 it collapsed when it left power. This was not the only flag in that period.
Burma gained its independence in 1943 and the first national flag used the same three modern flag ribbons with a peacock instead of a star.
Peacock simplified in 1945. Political developments led to the creation of a new flag with a red background and a blue one with white stars in 1948.
The design changed slightly in 1974 and replaced by the modern flag in 2010.
Colors and Meaning
The Myanmar flag consists of three horizontal colors yellow, green, and red, and a central star with five sides overlapping the stripes. There is no official explanation for the meaning of colors.
However, the generally accepted factor is that it paints the following:
- Green: peace, tranquility, and lush green landscape of the country
- Yellow: National Solidarity or Unity
- Red: Courage and determination
The new flag has aroused different emotions because the country is still experiencing internal conflicts. In general, the government’s goal in adopting the new flag was to make the country feel new.
In the center of the flag is a huge five-bit star that symbolizes unity in the country. This was accepted in favor of the signs of the royal peacock that was originally there.
The socialist flag also consisted of a huge star with fourteen smaller stars.
However, the recent developments of the regime along with the destruction of the insurgent movement led to the acceptance of the one-line star. The Burmese president’s flag still retains the peacock symbol, which symbolizes privilege, the sun, Buddhism, prosperity and unity.
Myanmar Flag Color Codes
The ratio of height to width of the flag is 2: 3. The horizontal stripes are all equal and the star in the center is the width of the fabric.
Interesting facts about the Myanmar flag
- The color of the Myanmar flag is traditionally Pan-African. As a result, the flag has been criticized, which seems to be similar to the Lithuanian flag.
- The decision to change the flag was based on an astronomical prediction.
- When the new flag is officially adopted on October 21, 2010, the old flag must be lowered by someone born on Tuesday, while the new flag must be raised by someone born on Wednesday.
- Critics of the ruling government have said the new flag is a government effort to force local ethnic groups.
- Most people mark the old flag with its red and blue canton. In the upper left corner of the flag was a stone hook with two brass stalks inside and a ring made of 14 stars. Blue was a symbol of peace and stability, red was a symbol of courage and brevity, while 14 stars were a symbol of 14 states. Rice stalks were a symbol of farmers. Some people are more familiar with this flag because they feel it is a more accurate representation of the country.
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Myanmar (formerly Burma) is a country in Southeast Asia. This country is bordered by China to the northeast, Laos to the east, Thailand to the southeast, Bangladesh to the west, India to the northwest, the Bay of Bengal to the southwest, and the Andaman Sea to the south. Myanmar is the second-largest country in Southeast Asia.
The first people to leave traces of their civilization in Burma were the Pew and Moon, who lived in northern Burma.
After them, their tribes, the Karen, and the Kachin invaded present-day Burma from the southern lands. ad; In parts of Burma, they wielded power and government and later emigrated to Thailand.
In 1404, a Burmese military commander named Anavrehta came to the throne and founded the Pagan dynasty. These dynasties ruled Burma for about two hundred years.
During World War II, the Burmese independence army entered southern Burma with the Japanese army in 1941, and after a fierce battle in May 1945, the Burmese capital, Rangoon, was completely captured by local forces, after the Japanese were driven out by Britain. He regained control of Burma.
The country, which was under British rule, gained its independence in 1948.
Ethnic diversity in Burma has played an important role in the country’s politics and history, and the country continues to strive to overcome social tensions.
The people of Myanmar are often illiterate or uneducated, and education in the country has seldom been well received, and the possibility of studying in Myanmar is very low.
Ethnic culture in Myanmar is increasing day by day and ethnic conflicts are increasing. This trend is also in the early signs of civilization and culture of this country.
It is clear that there are different ethnicities and races in Myanmar that try to consider themselves superior to others.
The Sunni and religious atmosphere in Myanmar is symbolic, and Muslims are often considered alien groups, so that the people of Myanmar do not like middle-class Muslims very much.
This path is generally formed in Sunni and religious ranks. The Occupied Territories of Myanmar are seen in certain categories.
Myanmar’s economy generally shapes security practices, the country’s economy has generally retained the early signs of civilization.
The Muslims of this country are evaluated based on certain security forces. Advertising is an important part of Myanmar’s culture and has special conditions.
The early traces and signs of the civilization of this country are examined on the basis of precise categories. The people of this country are the right race. Different ethnicities and races in Myanmar have good cultural conditions.
The culture of life in this country has belonged to certain ethnic groups. Culinary is very important in the culture of Myanmar.
Geography of Myanmar
Myanmar is a country in East Asia and its largest city is called Rangoon. The capital is Naypyidaw, with a population of more than 60 million.
In general, the people of this country speak the Burmese language, and of course, the language of Myanmar has been associated with certain dialects, according to the latest statistics.
More than 68 percent of the country’s population is of Burmese descent, while about 7 percent are card-nationals and about 4 percent are Rakhine nationals, and Myanmar’s geographical location is divided into these three categories.
More than 87 percent are Buddhists, about 6 percent are Christians, and 4 percent are Muslims in Myanmar. Religious beliefs in Myanmar show that other religions generally have specific climatic conditions.
Myanmar is ranked 39th in the world and 25th in the world in terms of population. In 1948, Myanmar gained full independence and, of course, went through long-term conflicts.
In general, the military regime has been evaluated in this regard during the election period. Myanmar has a lot of financial resources, but its economy is underdeveloped. In general, this country has many health problems and has formed different currents.