Flag of the Republic of Finland


The design of the current Finnish flag is inspired by the flags of Denmark and Sweden. It is white with a blue cross that extends to the edge. The cross is a common symbol found in Scandinavian flags.

This shows the connection of Finland’s heritage with other Scandinavian countries. The blue color represents many lakes found throughout Finland. White represents snow that covers the entire country during the winter.


The first known “Finnish flag” was presented with the national anthem Maamme in 1848. The highlight was the Finnish national emblem, surrounded by laurel leaves and placed on a white flag.

The current blue crossover scheme was first established in Finland by the Nyländska Jaktklubben, a sailing club in 1861 in Helsinki. In addition to the blue cross on a white background, the yacht club flag had Osimaya crowned arms at two times, with cross branches in the upper quarter of the upper lift.

Except for the position of the cross, the flag was similar to the flag of the St. Petersburg Yacht Club, which was established last year. The design can be traced to the Russian navy badge, which has a blue cross spell on a white background.

During the Crimean War, Finnish merchant ships captured by the British and French fleets carried a flag called the Flag of St. George, based on the Russian customs flag, was waved.

In this type, the cross was thinner than the modern flag, and the proportions were equal. Another Blue Cross flag was made official in 1861 for private ships.

In 1910, in connection with the Russianization of Finland, the Russian authorities decided to add the Russian flag to the canton. However, this met with resistance.

The flag ridiculed as the “slave flag” and most Finns refused to wave it. Instead, a triangular flag flew without these modifications, thus circumventing the flag command.

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Shortly after Finnish independence in 1917, a competition held to design the Finnish flag. Several different designs submitted. In the case of colors, the entries mainly divided two categories.

One entrance had a Dannebrog cross design, but had a yellow cross on a red background. The other entrance had diagonal blue and white stripes, but criticized as more suitable for a barber shop than a newly independent country.

Akseli Gallen-Kallela presented a similar cross flag, but inverted colors (white cross on blue), but this considered very similar to the Swedish flag and especially the Greek flag at the time.

Finally, artists Eero Snellman and Bruno Tuukkanen determined the final form of the flag. According to tradition, the flag was based on a design by the poet Zachris Toplius around 1860.

The state flag modified in 1922 when the crown removed, and again in 1978 by changing the arm symbol to a rectangular shape.


The national flag of Finland is known as the siniristilippu – or blue cross flag. This name is due to the blue Nordic cross that forms the design of the flag.

The meaning behind the cross of Northern Europe is simple – it represents Christianity. All Scandinavian countries except Greenland have included the Nordic Cross in their designs.

The color combination used in the Finnish flag historically used on various flags to show the country’s natural features, which we will discuss in more detail in the next section.


The Finnish flag uses two colors, blue and white. The blue Nordic cross forms the design of the flag. This color shows the sky of Finland and many lakes of the country. A white background indicates snow.

Finland also has a state flag with a similar design. The only difference is that the flag contains the national emblem. The badge includes the colors yellow and red.

Finland Flag Color Codes

002F6C - Dark Midnight Blue color image previewName: Dark Midnight Blue
Hex: #002F6C
RGB: (0, 47, 108)
CMYK: 1, 0.564, 0, 0.576
FFFFFF - White color image previewName: White
RGB: (255, 255, 255)
CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0
Finland Flag Color Codes

Flag facts

  • The Finnish government has declared the use of the state flag illegal without permission.
  • Washed Finnish flags should only be dried indoors.
  • Worn flags can be crushed or burned into small pieces. Flags cannot be thrown into the sea, buried or thrown away.

Pictures of Finland flag

Finnish flag on a windy day.
Finnish flag waving in the wind.
SNAPSHOT OF FINLAND (Photo by Bernard Annebicque/Sygma/Sygma via Getty Images)
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The Republic of Finland

Finland (Finnish: Suomi) Officially known as the Republic of Finland (Finnish: Suomen tasavalta) is a country in northern Europe. The country has a population of about 5.5 million and its capital is Helsinki. About one million people live in the metropolitan area of Helsinki.

The currency of this country is the euro.

Both Finnish and Swedish are official languages. 89.33% of the population is Finnish-speaking, and Swedish is spoken in several coastal areas in the west, south, and the Netherlands.


The ancestors of the present-day Finns, the Finns, began migrating from the south coast of the Gulf of Finland to Finland in the late first and early second centuries AD.

Until then, Finland was almost uninhabited and only the Lap people were scattered. After the Finns arrived, the laps moved north.

In the twelfth century, the Finns sought help from Sweden to defend themselves against their enemies, especially the Russians, and thus Finland invaded Sweden.

Finland suffered heavy casualties during the ongoing wars between Russia and Sweden. Sweden ceded Finland to Alexander I (Russia) in 1809.

In the early nineteenth century, the independence movement gained strength under the leadership of people like Rosenberg. In 1863 the Finnish language was recognized.

From the late nineteenth century, the Finnishization movement in Finland was started by Tsar Nicholas II but led to fierce Finnish resistance and general strikes. In 1901, the Finnish people had a legislature and the right to vote.

With the establishment of the Bolshevik Assembly in Russia in 1917, the same assembly declared Finland’s independence. In 1920, the Soviet Socialist Republic also recognized Finland’s independence.

After World War II, especially at the beginning of the second half of the twentieth century, Finland regained its natural state and, despite its bitter past relations with the Soviet Union, still has friendly relations with this country. Finland has good economic and social growth and has become a developed country in recent years.


Finland is one of the industrialized countries whose economy is based on the market economy. In Finland, mixed economic systems are used, which have been largely brought to power by the government.

There is no such thing as poverty in Finland, in general, the Finnish government has tried to eradicate poverty and thus.

The people of this country live in complete financial well-being, financial well-being in Finland means eating well, wearing well, being physically healthy, having healthy recreation, and an up-to-date and ideal educational environment!

There are still people in this country who are in a weak position in terms of income; But that they are in “poverty” is not seen at all.

In Finland, items are expensive, and this has led to both men and women working. The average life expectancy in Finland is 81 years.

The tax system in Finland is so strict that 30% of the government budget is financed through direct taxes. Taxes in Finland are spent on public and welfare expenses. The country has advanced technology so that one of the strongest economic sectors in Finland is the lack of communication problems.

Finland’s GDP has grown well in the new year. In this country, about 2.8% of GDP is in the agricultural sector and 25.9% of its economy is in the industrial sector, but services with 71.2% is the largest economic sector in Finland (according to statistics 2012).

Finland has about 2.5 million workers, and the unemployment rate in Finland is 6.7%. The inflation rate in Finland is 1.10%. Exports to Finland include machinery, equipment, hardware, lumber and paper, pulp and chemicals.

Most of Finland’s trade relations are with Germany, Sweden, Russia, the United States, and the Netherlands. Imports to Finland include food, chemicals, textiles, and textile fibers.


Greetings in Finland associated with handshakes and eye contact and handshakes are often short, firm, with no extra movements. Greeting children is accompanied by hugging them; Robusti is less common in Finland.

In this country, lunch and dinner often have to be served hot. Keep in mind that the people of this country like to drink coffee; Rewarding is also part of the culture of this country. The hijab of Finland is free.

Privacy and tranquility are very important in this country; So people in Finland do not use shoes at home at all. Giving is another important culture in Finland.

In this country, most people give each other flowers or chocolates. In Finland, there is a very intimate atmosphere between the people, which shows the high quality of life of the people of this country.


Finland is located between 22 and 32 degrees east longitude and 60 to 70 degrees north latitude. Finland borders Norway to the north, Russia to the east, and Sweden to the west.

The Gulf of Botany is to the west, the Gulf of Finland to the south, and the Baltic Sea to the southwest. Helsinki is located in the southernmost part of the country but is closer to the north than any other capital in the world.

The distance from Helsinki to the northern border of the country is about 1120 km. The northern border of Finland is near the southern end of the Arctic Ocean gorges, but the gorges themselves are located in a strip of Norwegian territory. Finland has no access to the Arctic Ocean.

Finland is a lowland country, consisting of several lakes (known as the Thousand Lakes, which cover 10% of the country’s total area) and 86% of the country covered by tundra and taiga forests.

Its mountain ranges are often located in the northern half. Finland’s largest lake is the Great Saimaa, which covers an area of ​​4,377 square kilometers. Finland’s longest river is a small Yuki with a length of 483 km.

The country has 20,000 islands with an area of ​​more than 100,000 square kilometers. Finland’s summers are very bright, hot and short, and its winters are very dark, cold and long. In Lapland, in northern Finland, the sun does not rise for two whole months in winter and the sun does not rise for two months in summer.

Geographically location of Finland

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