Flag of the Republic of the Philippines


The Filipino flag is one of the oldest flags in the Pacific. It is inspired by the flag of the Katipunan.

They were a group opposed to the Spanish government also ruled the islands during the colonial period.

The design of the flag shows the strong influence of different ethnic groups, although the similarity of the flag to the United States is coincidental.

The Philippine National Flag is a bipolar horizontal flag with equal stripes of blue and reddish red and a white triangle at the end of the hoist. The center of this triangle is a yellow golden sun with eight rays.

Each ray is one of the first provinces in the country to start the 1896 Philippine Revolution against Spain.

At each vertex of the triangle, there is a golden yellow five-point star that represents the three main islands of the country. (Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao).

History of the Filipino flag

The first Filipino flag, instead of colonial power, it was the revolutionary movements of the Katipunan movement.

The movement’s flags had red backgrounds with white symbols, but the exact sign varied from flag to flag.

The most prominent of these flags were into operation in 1897. They had a symbol of the sun that resembles the symbol of the modern flag.

In 1898, the modern flag displayed but was not for long before the Philippines came under US control.

The flag was between 1907 and 1919, leading to the repeated use of the American flag on the islands.

In 1920 it was officially adopted as the flag of the nation. This was apart from a short period of Japanese occupation in World War II.

Colors and symbol of the Filipino flag

The Filipino flag played an important role in the struggle for independence against the Spaniards.

Although the Philippine did not have a national flag at the time, the revolutionary group chose the current flag to represent the country. Initially, the white triangle was a symbol of freedom.

The Golden Stars and the Golden Sun represented the three main places in the Philippines, including the Luzon Islands in the north, the Visas in the south, and the main island of Mindanao in the south.

Currently, the exact meaning of colors is as follows:

  • White: Freedom, Brotherhood, Equality
  • Blue: Peace, Truth, Justice
  • Red: Patriotism and audacity

Other informal interpretations of colors claim that the white triangle indicates a tendency to change.

In addition, the accounts claim that the colors red, white, and blue reflect the Philippines’ appreciation of the United States for its uninteresting contribution to the country’s war for independence.

Philippines Flag Color Codes

FCD116 - Metallic Yellow color image previewName: Metallic Yellow
Hex: #FCD116
RGB: (252, 209, 22)
CMYK: 0, 0.170, 0.912, 0.011
CE1126 - Philippine Red color image previewName: Philippine Red
Hex: #CE1126
RGB: (206, 17, 38)
CMYK: 0, 0.917, 0.815, 0.192
0038A8 - Royal Azure color image previewName: Royal Azure
Hex: #0038A8
RGB: (0, 56, 168)
CMYK: 1, 0.666, 0, 0.341
FFFFFF - White color image previewName: White
RGB: (255, 255, 255)
CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0
Philippines Flag Color Codes


In the center of the white triangle is a golden sun with eight rays, accompanied by three stars.

“Three Stars and the Sun” is a symbol of the revolutionaries of Catiponros who fought for independence.

The sun is a symbol of unity, freedom, democracy, and sovereignty. Each of its rays represents the province that played a role in the 1896 Philippine Revolution.

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These provinces include Manila, Pampanga, Bulkan, Morong, Cavit, Laguna, Batangas, and Nova Scotia.

Another interpretation states that represent the eight states in the country, which were under martial law during the first Philippine revolution

In addition, the three five-pointed stars refer to the three main islands, namely Luzon, Mindanao, and the Visayas.

Facts about Flag

  • Emilio Aguinaldo designed the flag, a military, revolutionary and political leader. While in exile in Hong Kong in 1897, he came up with the idea for the flag.
  • The flag was officially inaugurated by President Emilio Aguinaldo on June 12, 1898, during the declaration of independence of the Philippines. This was after the Philippine Revolutionary Army defeated Spanish forces at the Battle of Alapani, Emos, Cavite.
  • There was a proposal to change the flag on June 15, 1995, when President Fidel Ramos proposed a crescent moon in the flag on behalf of Filipino Muslims.
  • It is forbidden to raise the flag in nightclubs.
  • The law states that a worn flag must be severely burned, and if a flag begins to show wear and tear, it must be replaced immediately.
  • The official flag can show the state of war when it is upside down with the red square at the top. For example, on February 4, 1899, during the 1899 to 1913 Philippine-American War, it was officially overthrown.

In addition, during the Japanese invasion of the Philippines in December 1941, the flag was used to indicate hostility.

Pictures of Philippines flag

The national flag of the Philippines
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Download free images of Philippines flag in four formats(PNG, JPG, Icon and SVG)

The Republic of the Philippines

The Philippines or better to say the Republic of the Philippines (Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas) is an Algerian community in Southeast Asia.

The Philippine Archipelago has approximately 7,641 separate islands divided into three main geographical regions, Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, from north to south.

The capital is Manila, Philippines, and the most famous city after the Philippine capital is Quezon city.

Map of Manila, Philippines. Detail from the World Atlas.

 Philippine History

The Philippines was a trading center located in Southeast Asia in the years before Christ. The first people to enter the Philippines were the Europeans who accompanied Ferdinand Magellan. The group entered the Philippines in 1521.

It was a Spanish colony from 1521 to 1898, and Philip II was King of Spain, after whom the Philippines is named.

The country was colonized by the United States for some time in the first half of the twentieth century and then occupied by Japan in World War II.

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Keep in mind that in general, the colorful presence of the United States in the Philippine society is very visible, and it is clear that the history of this country has been very strong in this regard.

If we want to define the history of this country in a specific way, the Philippines is a combination of Spanish Catholicism, American capitalism as well as Asian culture.

People of the Philippine and their customs

As a result of the long rule of the Spaniards, more than 90% of the Filipino population is Christian and Catholic.

In addition, a large number of Hispanics from Europe and South America traveled to the Philippines, and settled there, incorporating their words and linguistic features into the Filipino language, making its environment and culture similar to those of Latin America.

The majority of their races are the group (trowel) and the rest are Chinese, American, and Spanish races.

Most people in this country are fluent in English and in general English is more common than Spanish.

Also, Statistics for 2013 show that more than 90% of the population is literate.

In a general definition, the Philippine value system is in a system of the personal alliance, especially in matters such as kinship, duty, friendship, religion (especially Christianity), and business relations.

The values of the Filipino people are usually around the pursuit of social adjustment or harmony with the motivation of being accepted in the community.

In Filipino culture, the greatest punishment for them is the concept (Hiya) or sense of shame. Social approval, being accepted by a group, and belonging to a group are the main concerns of Filipinos. Other models are comfortable.

Geography of Philippine

The Philippines surrounded on the west by the South China Sea, on the east by the Philippine Sea, and on the southwest by the Celebes Sea, with Taiwan on the north, Vietnam on the west, Palau on the east, and Malaysia. Indonesia has a land border to the south.

The Philippines’ geographical location on the Pacific Ring of Fire, and close to numerous faults.

Also, close to the potential for volcanoes, earthquakes, hurricanes, and tsunamis, as well as its vast and rich natural resources.

Along with the diversity of the environment, it provides the country with a range compared to other parts of the world.

Geographically location of Philippines

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