The Estonia flag has three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), black and white. The ratio of width to length of the flag is 7 to 11, the standard size is 105 x 165 cm. Also, the proper height of the flagpole depends on the size of the flag – the width of the raised flag should be one-sixth of the height of the flag.
The Estonian flag, as it is known today, was conceived during the National Awakening movement in the late nineteenth century.
This symbol became a symbol of autonomy and unity among the Estonian people on the long road to freedom.
In 1918 the Provisional Government of Estonia accepted the flag, newly independent of the Russian Empire. During the Flag War until 1940, it proudly hoisted from the Hermann Tower in Tallinn.
The Estonian flag hoisted at the top of the tall tower of Herman (right), part of the medieval castle of Tompea, now home to parliament, government offices, and historic churches.
During the Soviet occupation, the use of three colors banned, however, in 1988 it again became a symbol of liberation in the singing revolution.
On February 24, 1989, after a hiatus of about half a century, the colors blue, black, and white returned to their place at the top of the Tall Herman Tower, and this independence was demonstrated again. The flag raised every morning in a place that flies over the capital.
Estonians have always lived close to nature. It is not difficult to find the effect that plants, animals, and seasons have on everything from popular culture to the national flag.
Estonian culture is very much tied to nature, making the landscape an instinctive source of inspiration for the country’s flag – blue for clear skies, Baltic Sea and freshwater lakes, black for fertile soil, and dark, thick and white forests for winter and night snow.
Summer white. Blue and white also embodies the spirit of loyalty and enlightenment of the Estonian people to overcome the dark darkness. This unique combination of colors makes the Estonian flag easily recognizable around the world.
Meaning and colors
The Estonian flag consists of three colors: blue, black, and white. Each of these colors has a special meaning and is a symbol and manifestation of something. Estonia and its culture are inspired by nature.
The beautiful nature of Estonia is a source for choosing the colors of the Estonian flag. Also, the blue color of the Estonian flag means the beautiful blue sky of Estonia and the symbol of the Baltic Sea, abundant freshwater lakes, and the northern bay of the country.
The black color of the flag means the fertile, rich, and fertile soil of Estonia. White also means the snow-white of cold winters and the white nights of Estonian summer.
The blue and white colors of the Estonian flag also signify the spirit of loyalty.
The unique and beautiful color combination of the Estonian flag distinguishes it from other flags of other countries.
People of Estonia were among the first countries among the newly independent countries of the Soviet Union to recognize the euro as their national currency, with hope for the future and striving for progress.
For the Estonian people, this would mean secession from Soviet rule and annexation to the West and Europe.
Estonia Flag Color Codes
|Name: True Blue|
RGB: (0, 114, 206)
CMYK: 1, 0.446, 0, 0.192
RGB: (255, 255, 255)
CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0
RGB: (0, 0, 0)
CMYK: NAN, NAN, NAN, 1
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The Republic of Estonia
Estonia (Estonian: Eesti) Officially known as the Republic of Estonia is a country in the Baltic region of northern Europe.
It borders the Baltic Sea to the west and the Gulf of Finland to the north, bordering Russia to the east and Latvia to the south. Its population is 1,315,944 and its capital is Tallinn.
The currency is the euro and the only official language of Estonia is very close to Finnish.
Unlike most continental European languages of Indo-European origin, it is one of the languages of the Oral family.
It is said that the name Estonia is derived from an ancient people called the Aesti.
The Vikings settled on the Estonian coast from the 17th century. In 1202, Estonia was ceded to a group of religious knights called the Sword Brothers, who forcibly converted the Estonian people to the Christian sword.
The southern part of Estonia, along with present-day Latvia, remained under the rule of this group, but the northern part became part of the territory of the King of Denmark in the spring of 1224, but in 1346 the rule of this part was transferred to the “Brothers of Sword” group.
At this time, in addition to the capital city of Rival (modern-day Tallinn), dozens of forts were built in Estonia, along which cities gradually formed. These cities were part of the Hansa Trade Union and had more inhabitants than the inhabitants of the northern regions of the German Empire.
Estonia seceded when the Communists came to power in Russia (1917), but German occupation and two Russian invasions delayed independence until 1919. In 1934, dictatorship replaced weak Estonian democracy. The Non-Aggression Pact (1939) between Hitler and Stalin ceded Estonia to the Soviet Union.
Soon after, in June 1940, Russia called for an increase in the number of troops on Estonian soil and a change of government under the pretext of provocations by the then Estonian government.
During this period, with the military advance of Nazi German forces on the Western European fronts, Stalin decided to annex the three Baltic states to the Soviet Union in order to strengthen the western borders, especially since no reaction was expected from Britain or France.
The growing economic crisis had gained much influence and power.
Estonia eventually succumbed to Soviet threats, and on June 21, 1940, a “People’s Government” with members entirely affiliated with the Soviet Union took over, under the supervision of delegates from Moscow.
A month later, while members of the Communist Party and pro-Soviet parties also held the Estonian Parliament, Parliament formally announced the establishment of the Estonian Socialist Republic and applied for accession to the Soviet Union, which was accepted on August 6, 1940.
From 1941 to 1944 Estonia was occupied by Nazi Germany.
When Soviet rule was re-imposed (1945), massive Russian immigration replaced the 120,000 Estonians killed or exiled to Siberia. Reforms in the Soviet Union in 1988 gave nationalist Estonians the opportunity to work openly.
The nationalists gained a majority in the republic’s parliament and gained more autonomy, ousting Estonia out of the Soviet Union following a failed coup by extremist communists in Moscow (August 1991). In September 1991, the Soviet Union recognized Estonia’s independence.
Russia insists the Soviet Union liberated the former Soviet Union from Nazi occupation, and the Russian president is outraged by Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia apologizing for the former Soviet Union’s accession.
The Estonian government removed the last monument to the 50-year Soviet rule in the country on April 27, 2007. The move has been met with protests from Estonian dignitaries. Their violent demonstrations killed at least one person and injured at least 153 others.
Before World War II, Estonians made up 88 percent of the country’s population, with ethnic minorities making up the remaining 12 percent. The largest minority groups in 1934 were Russians, Germans, Swedes, Latvians, Jews, Poles, Finns, and Ingris.
Between 1945 and 1989, with the implementation of the Sovietization program, the percentage of Estonians and the population of Estonia was reduced to 61%.
The Soviet Union promoted the mass migration of industrial workers from Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus to Estonia, and many Estonians were forced to emigrate during the war.
In the decade after independence, widespread Russian emigration from Estonia and the dismantling of Russian military bases in 1994 increased the proportion of Estonians in Estonia from 61% in 2006 to 69%.
The Republic of Estonia is located in the Baltic region in northern Europe, the country generally extends from the west to the Baltic Sea and from the north to the Gulf of Finland, Estonia has an eastern border with Russia and a southern border with Latvia.
The population declared for Estonia is about 1315944 people and the capital of this country is called Tallinn. The Estonian currency is the euro. Also, the people of this country speak the official language of Estonia, which of course is very close to Finnish. Unlike most continental European languages, it has Indian and European roots and is on the list of Uralic languages.
Estonia is on the list of the least populated countries in the world. So if you are looking to live in a quiet environment, this country is a good option for you.
The country has 561 km of borders and the length of beaches in this country is generally announced as 3794 km.
There are hundreds of islands in the western and northern regions of the country, most of which are uninhabited, and many of which have small residential areas in general.
Estonia is a member of the European Union since 2004 and a member of the Atlantic Treaty since that year. There are many lakes and dense forests in this country and in general, it has three big and famous rivers.
22% of the country is covered by forests, in general, there are many factories for paper and matches. Estonia is cold in terms of climate. Generally, the warm Gulf winds indicate that the country has a milder climate than its northern neighbors.