The Bosnia and Herzegovina flag has a varied and diverse blue vertical stripe on the flight side, which is accompanied by a yellow right triangle along the runway and above the flag. In addition, the Bosnian flag has a standard blue color with seven white stars, five full feathers and two minor stars at the top and bottom with triangular hypotension.
The Bosnian flag also shows three points of the triangle, which stands for the three main ethnic groups, such as Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs.
This triangle depicts the approximate shape of the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The stars on the flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina define Europe and are innumerable, so the stars go from top to bottom. The flag contains colors that associated with neutrality and peace, such as white, blue and yellow.
These colors are traditionally associated with Bosnia. However, the blue background represents the European flag.
Bosnia, with its mixed ethnic population, never created distinct national symbols. For example, under Communist rule in Yugoslavia from 1946 to 1992-1991, the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina simply used a red banner with a small version of the Yugoslav national flag in the canton.
At the time of independence on March 3, 1992, no flags were acceptable to Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats. The Bosnian-dominated government therefore adopted what it hoped would be a neutral symbol of the past.
The emblem chose the emblem used by King Stjepan Tomaš (reigned 1443–61), who attributed it to the greatest medieval ruler of Bosnia, Tovertko I (1377-91). The blue shield centered on a white flag with a white diagonal stripe separating the six golden fluoresces.
The artistic performance, which officially accepted on May 4, 1992, was created by Zvonimir Bebek.
This flag was rejected by many Croats and Serbs because the nation went to civil war.
Peace agreements were signed in late 1995 in Dayton, Ohio, USA, recognizing the division of the country between the Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, often referred to as the Croat and Muslim Muslim Federation.
Each state had its own symbols, and Croats continued to use the Croatian flag as a federation flag, but the 1992 Republic flag was still internationally recognized.
In the 1995 agreement, the creation of a flag eventually replaced the 1992 plan, but the national legislature was ineffective.
Thus, the United Nations established a new flag (February 4, 1998) that could not be symbolically associated with an ethnic, religious, or political group.
Meaning and colors
On February 4, 1998, the current flag of the country was adopted. Because they wanted to represent all ethnic groups in the country.
The previous flag had medieval symbols, with a badge and six golden lilies from the Tvrtko Kotromanić regime.
The triangle in the flag symbolizes Bosnia-Herzegovina, the stars are a symbol of Europe, and there are two half-stars indicating the number of stars is unknown.
The blue color of the flag is initially the same as the blue flag of the United Nations but instead changed to the flag of the European Union.
Bosnia And Herzegovina Flag Color Codes
|Name: Imperial Blue|
RGB: (0, 35, 149)
CMYK: 1, 0.765, 0, 0.415
|Name: Philippine Yellow|
RGB: (254, 203, 0)
CMYK: 0, 0.200, 1, 0.003
Coat of Arms
The Order of the Arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina was adopted on 18 May 1998. Its design is a mirror of the national flag with a three-pointed shield symbolizing each of the three main ethnic groups of the country, and also refers to the shape of the country.
The prominent gold shield is from the arms of King Stephen Torto, 1376-1391.
In the upper right corner of the shield, there is a yellow triangle, and parallel to the left side of the triangle, there is a row of five white-feathered stars. These stars are instead of the medieval Fleur-de-lys.
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Bosnia and Herzegovina
It borders Croatia to the west and northwest, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is home to three ethnic groups: Muslims, Serbs, and Croats.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a potential candidate for EU membership and has also been a candidate for NATO membership since April 2010. In addition, Bosnia and Herzegovina has been a member of the Council of Europe since April 2002, a member of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and an observer member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the richest countries in the world. In ancient times, when the Illyrians or Illyrians (Indo-European warring tribes) replaced the Neolithic population, it was called Illyrian.
Celtic migrated to the country, killing some Illyrians and mixing with the natives in the 4th and 3rd centuries.
The Romans conquered the country in the late 2nd and 1st centuries BC. Christianity entered the region in the late 1st century.
During the disintegration of the Roman Empire, the region of Dalmatia and Pannonia became part of the Western Roman Empire.
The Ostrogoths conquered the region in 455 and embraced other tribes such as the Alans and Huns. Emperor Justinian and the Byzantine Empire conquered the land in the late 6th century.
The Slavs then invaded the Eastern Roman Empire in the 6th and 7th centuries and now settle it as Bosnia and Herzegovina and the surrounding lands.
The first prominent Bosnian ruler was Ban Kulin, who strengthened the country’s economy for nearly three decades and maintained peace and stability throughout the country. The conquest of Europe by the Ottoman Empire in the first half of the 15th century was a major threat to the Balkans. Bosnia fell in 1463, followed by Herzegovina in 1482.
This marked a new era in the country that introduced a different cultural, political, and religious framework.
Austria-Hungary After the war of the Near East, with the help of the Russians, the Ottoman Empire, in 1878 took over the occupation and administration of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
It was officially one of the six constituent republics that established at the end of the war.
When Germany invaded Yugoslavia in World War II, Bosnia and Herzegovina became part of Nazi-controlled Croatia. Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence from Yugoslavia in December 1991.
Bosnia and Herzegovina have a unique system of governance in the world. Although Bosnia and Herzegovina cannot be considered a republic due to the structure of the country’s divisions, it is governed by the criteria of a republican government.
Bosnia and Herzegovina held a referendum on independence on February 29 and March 1, 1992, following the declaration of independence of some former Yugoslav republics, including Slovenia, Croatia, and Macedonia.
The referendum, in which 2,073,568 people, or 63.6 percent, took part, approved by an overwhelming majority of 99.7 percent.
The Democratic Party of Serbia (SDS) boycotted the referendum and prevented it from taking place in some areas. Bosnia’s declaration of independence sparked a civil war in the country.
With the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement, Bosnia and Herzegovina divided into the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska (Republika Srpska).
Ali Ezzat Begovic, leader of the Democratic Action Party, which led Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Muslims during the war, ruled the country until 2000.
Currently, the presidency rotates every eight months between a Bosniak (Muslim), a Serb and a Croat. The country’s major parties are the Democratic Action Party, the Serbian Democratic Party, and the Croat Democratic Society.
The country has a population of 3,289,000, an average age of 39, and a life expectancy at birth of 82 for women and 74 for men.
Also, the people of this country are Slavic. 48% of Bosniaks are 37% Serbs and 14% Croats.
The religion of the Bosnian people is Herzegovina Islam (Sunni) and Christianity (Orthodox and Catholic). Of these, 50% are Muslim, 21% Orthodox, and 15% Catholic.
The common local languages in this country are Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian, but Bosnian is their main language.
The mother tongue of the vast majority is Serbo-Croatian, a term used to describe a group of mutually intelligible languages. It is now known as Serbian, Croatian, or Bosnian, depending on the ethnic and political affiliation of the speaker.
There are some minor regional variations in pronunciation and vocabulary, but all the changes in Bosnia and Herzegovina are more similar to each other, for example, the Belgrade (Serbia) or Zagreb (Croatia) speech.
There are the Latin and Cyrillic alphabets, both taught in schools and used in the press, but the rise of nationalism in the 1990s brought Serbs into Cyrillic, and Croats and Bosnians aligned themselves with the Latin alphabet.
The country’s GDP is $ 29.89 billion, up 5.5 percent from a year earlier.
One million and 26 thousand people make up the labor force of this country and its unemployment rate is 45.5%. (Statistics from 2004) A quarter of the country’s population lives below the poverty line, with an inflation rate of 26.2% in 2001.
Its exports include metals, clothing, and wood to Croatia (19.6%), Slovenia (16.7%), Italy (15.4%), Germany (12.3%), and Austria (8.7%). Exports) and Hungary (5.3%).
Imports include machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuel, and foodstuffs from Croatia (24%), Germany (14.5%), Slovenia (13.2%), Italy (10%), Austria (5%). ٫ 9%) and Hungary (5.2%).
Bosnia and Herzegovina are geographically located in southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula with a temperate, mountainous, and lush climate; It shares borders with Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro.
The country has two regions, Bosnia (north) and Herzegovina (south).