The Belarusian people changed the current national flag of Belarus on June 7, 1995, following a referendum.
The new plan replaced a historic flag used by the Republic of Belarus in 1918, before Belarus became a Soviet republic, and relocated again after gaining independence in 1991.
The current flag is the 1951 flag.
Although its display in Belarus has been restricted by the government of President Alexander Lukashenko but many groups continued to use the previous flag.
In 1991, people still used in protest against the government and the land of Belarus this flag. Independent international observers say the referendum that chose the current flag did not meet democratic standards.
History of the Belarusian flag
In 1941, the flag was suitable for use by the professional Nazi government, and looked at pieces of Belarusian volunteer arms.
During the period 1943-1944, the anti-Soviet government of Belarus was at odds with the German army and the Waffen SS.
Belarusian anti-Soviet groups, at the end of World War II, used the flag.
In the late 1980s, the national flag was used as a symbol of the national renaissance and democratic change in Belarus.
At the suggestion of the Popular Front of Belarus, the flag became a representative of Belarus after the restoration of independence in 1991.
After 1995, the red-and-white flag became a symbol of opposition to the regime. It is noteworthy that after the protests against the presidential elections in 2006 and 2010.
This flag was not officially banned from public use, but the authorities choose it as an unregistered symbol that is the source of demonstrations by political activists or sports fans.
Gains. Later, in the 1995 referendum, the authorities approved the current flag designed.
Design and color
The original design of the Belarusian national flag was first described in Presidential Decree No. 214 of 7 June 1995. This flag is a rectangular fabric consisting of two horizontal stripes:
A red top strip that covers two-thirds of the height of the flag is green. Bottom bar that covers one third.
A traditional Belarusian decorative pattern in vertical red, occupying one-ninth the length of the flag, its place is in front of the flag. The ratio of flag to width to length is 1: 2.
While there is no official explanation for the colors of the flag, the explanation that President Alexander Lukashenko gave, it is that red represents the freedom and sacrifice of the nation’s leaders, while green represents life.
The national flag of the Republic of Belarus was issued by the State Committee for Standardization of the Republic of Belarus in 2008.
It provides technical specifications of the national flag such as color details and ornamental patterns.
The Finial is an ornament that can be used as a decoration in the collection of flags.
Belarusian law presupposes that the Belarusian flag is used in connection with the use of this flag for special needs by you and other visitors.
The finial is the description of a diamond and at the end of the finial is a golden star.
Law punished this star, it is the fifth point and you can decide using the design of the model in the Belarusian dress.
A hat of a golden color with a golden shaft in which the pole can pass to the base of the finial.
The finale of presenting the plan he wants to decide for you, with the difference that he can help you with the flag of the Soviet Union, with the difference that in the finale of the meeting of the Soviet Union in the colors of painting and budget and a hammer and referee and star There is a cut in the area.
Belarus Flag Color Codes
|Name: Madder Lake|
RGB: (200, 49, 62)
CMYK: 0, 0.755, 0.69, 0.215
RGB: (255, 255, 255)
CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0
|Name: Middle Green|
RGB: (74, 166, 87)
CMYK: 0.554, 0, 0.475, 0.349
By law, the Belarusian flag have to fly every day with the permission of the weather from the following areas:
- National Assembly of Belarus
- Council of Ministers of Belarus
- Belarusian courts and offices of local executive and administrative bodies
- Above the buildings where local council meetings are held
- Military bases or warships belong to the government
- Buildings used by Belarusian diplomats
The flag of Belarus is also officially flown on these occasions:
- Meetings of local executive and administrative bodies
- Polling Stations
- Sports venues during competitions (note that the IOC has its own rules on flag display)
The flag also displayed on vehicles used by Belarusian diplomats and various government officials (such as the president and prime minister).
The law allows flags to be for special occasions such as memorial services and family vacations and can be used by various groups of people such as government agencies, companies, and NGOs.
This regulation issued in the same decree that created the Belarusian flag.
May 15 has been declared National Day and the Flag of Belarus.
The national flag itself is incorporated in the symbol of the guard units in the Belarusian Armed Forces.
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About the Republic of Belarus
The Republic of Belarus is located in Eastern Europe. It has borders with Latvia and Lithuania to the north, Ukraine to the south, Federal Russia to the east, and Poland to the west.
The capital of Belarus is Minsk, and the cities of Hummel, Mahalo, Wiesbysk, and Brest are important cities.
Belarus has a strategic position to connect the West with the East and the North with the South.
The distance from Minsk to Warsaw (capital of Poland) is 500 km, to Moscow (capital of Russia) 700 km, to Berlin (capital of Germany) 1060 km and to Vienna (capital of Austria) 1300 km.
The Republic of Belarus ranks 13th in Europe in area. The area of the country is equal to 207,600 square kilometers. (Forest 38%, water 2%, agricultural land 44%, other lands 16%).
The distance from north to south of the country is 560 km and from west to east is 650 km.
In the 6th and 8th centuries AD, this land was inhabited by Slavs, but to this day they still live in this area. These people gradually increased their relations with the suffering people and wanted to establish a single government.
This is how they created a country called Russia. In the 13th century, the land fell to the Mongols and experienced unpleasant days. Parts of Russia were later occupied by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The Grand Duchy of Lithuania dominated large parts of Western Europe from the Baltic to the Black Sea until the 15th century.
The territory of Belarus was under Russian rule during World War I and was occupied by the Germans. It was in the 20th century that there were signs of independence in Belarus.
After the end of the war in 1945, Belarus was ready for post-war reconstruction, and after significant efforts to rebuild and restore the country compared to the Soviet Republic, the country experienced significant development.
Jobs increased in the land, and as a result, large numbers of people from the Soviet Socialist Federal Republic moved to the land. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, independent states and newly established republics declared independence, of which Belarus was one.
Culture and language of the Belarusian people
Belarus has many religions. There are 2,829 registered religious associations and 142 active religious organizations in the country.
The religions of Orthodoxy, Catholicism, and the Lutheran Church, Judaism, and Islam are in Belarus. The official languages of Belarus are Russian and Belarusian.
Belarusian, along with Russian and Ukrainian, is part of the East Slavic language group. Cyrillic or Russian script is the alphabet that is written in Russian or the language of the Russian-dominated countries.
The Cyrillic alphabet is derived from the Greek alphabet. The family is the main social subgroup in Belarus. Marriage in this country, in addition to the consent of the parties, also requires the satisfaction of their families.
It has long been common in Belarus for relatives to live together in large estates.
The city of Minsk is the birthplace of Belarusian history and civilization, as it houses the Radziwill family palace, the ancient Benardians Church and the Narcunasky National Park.