The national Bangladesh flag was formally adopted on January 17, 1972. It consists of a red disk at the top (similar to the Japanese flag) of a green field. The red disc moves slightly towards the lift so that it is in the center when the flag is raised.
This disk represents the sunrise over Bengal as well as the blood of those who died for the independence of Bangladesh.
Green Earth stands for the greenery of Bangladesh and the youth of Bangladeshi Javid.
Bangladesh flag in 1971, used during the Bangladesh Liberation War
It is based on a similar flag used in the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War, which had a yellow map of the country inside the red disk. In 1972 the map was removed from the flag.
One reason mentioned was the difficulty of presenting the map correctly on both sides of the flag. The Civil Emblem and the Navy Emblem place it in a red or white square in the canton, respectively
The first modern flag design was first created in 1970. The project created by a group of students at the University of Dhaka. The main flag was sewn using donated clothes.
Also, the original plan showed a map of Bangladesh in the center and the map was yellow. The first version traced by students from an atlas before painting. This version of the flag was first hoisted on March 2, 1971, at the University.
The following year, the flag modified. This included removing the yellow map of the country as well as moving the red disk upwards.
It was said that the map was removed due to the difficulty of presenting it correctly on both sides of the flag. The revised version was officially adopted as the national flag on January 17, 1972.
The Bengali flag has a bright red disc in a green part. The flag is quite simple but has significant meaning behind the design and the red disk has two distinct meanings.
First, it represents the rising of the sun over the nation. In the next stage, it also shows the bloodshed for those who fought for the independence of the country. The green background of the flag reflects the beauty of the land of Bangladesh.
According to the specifications of the Bangladeshi government, the specifications of the national flag are as follows:
- The flag is green in ratio and the bottle is 10: 6 in width with a red circle in the middle.
- A red circle will be one-fifth the radius of the flag. Its center will be drawn at the point of vertical intersection from the ninth and twentieth parts of the flag and the horizontal line will be drawn from the middle of its width.
- The flagpole of Procion Brilliant Green H-2RS 50 will be 50 per 1000. The red circular part of the Procion Brilliant Orange H-2RS is 60 parts per 1000.
- Depending on the size of the building, the size of the flag will be 10 feet × 6 feet (3.0 meters × 1.8 meters). 5 feet × 3 feet (1.52 meters × 0.91 meters) 2 1⁄2 feet × 1 1⁄2 feet (760 mm × 460 mm). The flag size for cars is 12% by 7% (320 mm x 190 mm), and the table flag size for bilateral conferences is 10 by 6% (250 mm x 150 mm).
The Bengali flag is only two colors: red and green. These two simple colors have given it the nickname “red and green”. As mentioned earlier, red represents both sunrise and the bloodshed of those who defend the nation, while green represents the lush land of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh Flag Color Codes
|Name: Bangladesh Green|
RGB: (0, 103, 71)
CMYK: 1, 0, 0.310, 0.596
|Name: Maximum Red|
RGB: (218, 41, 28)
CMYK: 0, 0.811, 0.871, 0.145
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- Many government officials, including the president, prime minister, and chief justice, required to fly the national flag at their official residence.
- The flag hoisted in public and private centers on days such as Independence Day, Victory Day, Muhammad’s birthday, and other days set by the Bengal government.
- The flag hoisted at half-mast during World Mother Language Day, National Mourning Day, and other government-designated days.
- In 2013, residents came together to create a human flag, setting the country as a world record for the world’s largest national human flag.
The People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Bangladesh, officially the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, is a country located in South Asia and East India.
Its capital is Dhaka and its population is 164 million. The currency of Bangladesh is called Bangladeshi Taka and its official language is Bengali. Bengali is of Indo-Aryan origin and has its own script.
English is also widely used in higher education and the judiciary, and the upper and middle classes use it as a second language. 98% of the people of this country are Bengal.
Formerly known as East Pakistan, it seceded from West Pakistan (modern-day Pakistan) on March 26, 1971, with the help of India, following the war for the liberation of Bangladesh.
The old borders of Bangladesh in South Asia are unknown. Geography books refer to a community of people called banga.
Mahabharata mentions several conflicts in this community. Marco Polo also mentions Bangla in his memoirs.
Other historians have referred to this geographical area with various letters, but the name Bengal was first used during the reign of Akbarshah.
When the eastern province of Mokhals became known as Soba-Bangla. During the British conquest of India between 1854 and 1874, Bengal included the following sections: 1.
Special Bengal; 2- Bihar state in present-day India and Erisa and Chutangpur regions in the west; 3- Part of Surma valley in the northeast.
In 1875, when the state of Assam established, the Kachar and Silahat sections of the Surma Valley separated from Bengal and ceded to the new state.
In 1905, East Bengal and Assam were formed by a combination of fifteen parts of Bengal, Assam and Koch-e-Bihar, Tripura, and Manpur, with Dhaka becoming the seat of government.
It was known as East Pakistan during the British occupation of the Indian subcontinent until 1947, when on March 26, 1971, after years of civil war, the country declared independence from Pakistan as the independent state of Bangladesh.
With the partition of British India in 1947, the area became an independent eastern state of Pakistan due to the Muslim majority.
East Pakistan finds itself a victim of economic and ethnic injustice because of its 1,600-kilometer distance from the politically-dominated western province of Arduz.
In 1971, this disgust sparked a civil war, and India’s aid to irregular Bengali forces led to the creation of an independent People’s Republic of Bangladesh (Free Bangalore) under the leadership of Sheikh Mujibah al-Rahman.
The assassination of this sheik in 1975 eventually led to the rise to power of General Zia-ur-Rehman, who established an Islamic state by amending the constitution. The general himself assassinated in 1981, and General Ershad came to power in 1982.
Following a period of unrest, Irshad fired and charged with corruption. In March 1991, the Bangladesh National Party, led by Zia-ur-Rehman’s widow, won a multi-party election.
Since then, Bangladesh’s system of government has shifted from a presidential to a parliamentary axis.
The government of Sheikh Hosseineh, the country’s prime minister, has announced that the 2014 parliamentary elections will be held under the current government.
On February 11, 2009, Zal Rehman,’s second-highest-ranking official in the Awami League, became President of Bangladesh after ایجادAzuddin ..Ahmad.
Bangladesh’s presidency has been largely ceremonial since 1991, when the country entered a parliamentary system, but the president has a lot of power during the transition.
98% of the Races of this country are Bengalis. Religion 89.7% of Bangladeshis are Muslims, the majority of whom are Sunnis. 9.2% of Bangladeshis also follow Hinduism.
The official language of Bangladesh is Bengali, and although English is not official, it is a second language.
According to the latest reports from the Asian Development Bank, 95% of women in Bangladesh live below the poverty line and face difficult conditions.
It estimated that more than 77 million people in Bangladesh, about half of the country’s population, have been exposed to arsenic since the 1970s following the drilling of wells that allow them to use groundwater resources.
The social fabric in Bangladesh can be seen even in rural areas. A strong social culture in Bangladesh is very valuable and has good conditions, life expectancy is a general culture among the people of this country and the conditions in this field have generally formed their official language as Bengali for the Muslims in this country.
The official languages in this country are generally studied among adults. People in Bangladesh work according to living conditions, so work is available to everyone and the unemployment rate in Bangladesh is very low.
Negladesh is the second largest exporter of clothing in the world. The low wages of workers have made this country one of the hubs of attention of world-renowned brands.
The currency of Bangladesh is the Bangladeshi Taka with the unit of money. It is a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries with a rapidly growing population and is heavily dependent on foreign aid.
The country’s main commercial crop is tea and hemp, with Bangladesh accounting for 90% of world hemp production. The mining industry is scarce, but there are natural gas reserves
Bangladesh is located on the shores of the Bay of Bengal, which has led to a hot and humid climate for Bangladesh.
The summers in this country are often formed by floods caused by monsoon currents and have vulnerable conditions.
The official language in Bangladesh is Bengali and of course, the currency is also Taka. Bangladesh is located in South Asia as well as in the Indian subcontinent.
It borders India to the north and east, as well as to the west. It is clear that the southern part of the country with the Bay of Bengal has created special conditions.
The capital of Bangladesh is the beautiful city of Dhaka and has an area of more than 147,570 square kilometers. The most important cities in Bangladesh are Chitakung, Khulna, and Rajshahi.
Bangladesh is generally two natural regions, about 90% of the country is full of vast alluvial plains, and two-thirds of the eastern part is the largest delta in the world.
The country is naturally located in the flat plain of Bengal and is generally very close to the equator. Bangladesh has important rivers, of which the Ganges, Jamuna, and Padma are the most important. The most beautiful natural landscapes of Bangladesh are its countless rivers.
The land of Bangladesh is very fertile and provides a good life. In the southeastern part of the country, a series of bamboo forests are and monsoon rains have special conditions in this regard.