The national Austrian flag has a very simple design. But the symbolism behind this simple design is very powerful.
In designing this flag, three horizontal stripes in red and white colors have been used. The colors are taken from the symbol of the Babenberg dynasty.
The colors were chosen based on a legend about the 5th Duke Leopod.
History of the Austrian flag
The history of the Austrian flag dates back to the 13th century. The Austrian flag is actually the second oldest flag in the world, which has been used since 1230 AD. The flag of Denmark, which is the oldest flag in the world, has been used since 1219 AD.
Austria has two national and military flags, the difference between which is the Austrian national emblem so that the Austrian citizen flag has no national emblem and the military flag has a national emblem in the middle of the flag.
The Austrian flag was designed by the Austrian Duke Leopold V, who is said to have worn a white, blood-stained war suit after returning from the Crusades.
After unbuttoning his military uniform, he wore a white ribbon under his belt inspired by the white and red ribbons of the Austrian flag.
The Austrian national anthem is the land of the mountains, the land of the streams, which refers to the Alps so that about 60% of the country is surrounded by the Eastern Alps.
Old Austrian flag
The flag of ancient Austria was different from its current flag. In fact, the current flag of the Federal Republic of Austria was used from 1230 to 1700, and then from 1945.
It was re-recognized as the national flag of Austria.
In the 18th, 19th and first half of the 20th century, other flags were known as the Austrian flag.
From 1815 to the end of the 19th century, the Austrian national emblem was used as the Austrian flag in the middle of an amber yellow flag.
The colors of the Austrian flag from the 18th century to 1918 included black horizontal stripes at the top and yellow at the bottom, known as the Habsburg Empire.
Amber Yellow and black were the colors of the Habsburg royal family.
During the Second Austro-Hungarian Empire, red and white flags were used horizontally with symbols from Austria and Hungary.
The oldest and most famous Austrian flag is the current flag with white and red horizontal stripes with the national eagle emblem in the center.
The meaning of the flag
The meaning of the Austrian flag refers to the battles of the Austrian duke named Leopold V. The colors of the Austrian flag are white and red.
The Austrian flag has horizontal white and red stripes of the same width as the red, white, and red stripes in the flag.
The white color in the middle of the flag refers to the white coats of the Austrian dukes.
He wore them during the war, and the red color indicates the color of the blood-stained on their clothes after the end of the war.
The Austrian flag has a 2: 3 ratio and its national flag has no national emblem.
In the Austrian military flag, there is an image of an eagle in the middle of the flag with an open chain between its legs.
The eagle is a symbol of power, the shield with the color of the Austrian flag is the symbol of Austria, the castle-like crown on the head of the eagle is a symbol of the working and middle class, the sickle is a symbol of agriculture, the hammer is a symbol of industry and the broken chain is a symbol of freedom.
The torn chain was added to the Austrian national emblem after 1945, signifying liberation from Hitler and Nazi rule.
Austrian flag colors
The Austrian flag consists of three parts in red and white. The top and bottom horizontal bars are decorated in red and the middle bar in white.
These colors are thought to be of great importance to Austria because of their connection to the legend of the Duke of Leopold V.
According to legend, the Duke continued to fight in a blood-soaked uniform during the siege of Acre. While the clothes he was wearing under his uniform were bloodless.
The combination of red, white, and red in the flag design is taken from this legend.
It is said that the duke used this combination in his flag after seeing his clothes.
Austria Flag Color Codes
|Name: Imperial Red|
RGB: (237, 41, 57)
CMYK: 0, 0.827, 0.759, 0.070
RGB: (255, 255, 255)
CMYK: 0, 0, 0, 0
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About the Republic of Austria
Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a country in Central Europe with Vienna as its capital.
Austria is a landlocked country which means that it has no access to open waters (ocean or sea) and its land to water ratio is 98.3%.
The country has a population of more than 8.7 million and an area of 83,879 square kilometers.
Austria is a mountainous country located part of the Alps. The majority of the population of Austria speaks German and the Bavarian dialect.
They called this type of language Austrian-German because its dialect differs from that of German.
Other official languages of Austria include Hungarian, Borgland Croatian, and Slovenian.
History of Austria
Like many European countries, Austria looks at a very eventful history. However, there are some elements that belong to this country that have not changed over the centuries.
Advocacy for extravagance, beauty, and agriculture has always been the main driving force of this country in the past and present.
The history of Austria is as follows:
The region of present-day Austria, located in the fertile Danube and Alpine valleys, predates the Paleolithic period (until about 8000 BC). Around 400 BC, the Celts of Western Europe settled in the Eastern Alps.
The Celtic state (Noricum) developed in the second century BC around the blacksmith shop area.
From the 7th century BC onwards, one of the most important Celtic workplaces in Austria was the historic large salt mine around Hallstatt, located in the present-day town of Hallstatt in the state of Upper Austria.
The Romans came in 200 BC and ruled the whole region until 15 BC. The most important Roman ring in Austria was Carnuntum (the capital of the Roman province of Pannonia now in Austria), which was the center of Roman facilities along the Danube.
Today there is an interesting archeological park with a museum and amphitheater.
From Ostarrichi to Austria
In the second half of the second century AD, various Germanic tribes expanded their territory and made devastating invasions of Roman lands.
Until the mid-1950s, the Bavarians controlled territory between the Eastern Alps and the Wienerwald region.
Around 800 AD, Charlemagne, King of the Franks and eventually Holy Roman Emperor, established a kingdom in the Danube Valley called Ostmark (Eastern March).
In 996, the term Ostarrichi was first used instead of Ostmark. Over time, the word also changed to the German word Austrian or modern-day Austria.
The culture of the Austrian people
Austria with a population of about 8.5 million people and almost a quarter of the country’s
population live in Vienna, the capital of Austria and a kind of cultural capital of Europe.
The way Austrian dress today is very similar to that of Americans, especially their warm clothes. Austrians wear their local, traditional, or national costumes only on special occasions.
Among the current customs of the Austrian people, there are also habits that are not traditional, but have found their way into Austrian culture, such as:
Father’s Day, Mother’s Day, and other customs that are influenced by the customs of other countries. Or because they have a commercial aspect, it has come to the culture of the countries through the mass media and has remained.
Due to the existence of many cultural environments in Austria, it caused the emergence of wide forms of art, especially music in this country.
Austria has been home to great composers such as Wolfgang Mozart, Josef Haydn and Michael Haydn, Franz Liszt and others.
It is also the birthplace of many scientists, physicists, and psychologists, including Ernst Mach, Ludwig Boltzmann, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Sigmund Freud, Alfred Alder, and others.
Geographically location of Austria