Over the centuries, Armenia had various flags that represented it, but today a tricolor with red, blue, and orange is the Armenian flag.
Today The flag of Armenia consists of three colors: red at the top, blue in the middle, and orange at the bottom.
In 1990, the Soviet Union introduced as the national flag of Armenia. This country has had different flags during its existence.
In the past, Armenian dynasties displayed their flags with various symbolic animals that showed on their flags. And in the 20th century, various Soviet flags were the symbol of the Armenian SSR.
The meaning of the color of the flag today are in different ways. Some say that red represents the blood of the victims of the Armenian Genocide, blue is the color of the country’s pure sky, while orange represents the courage of Armenia.
However, the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia has other explanations:
Red symbolizes the heights of Armenia, the people’s massive struggle for survival and preservation of the Christian faith, freedom and independence.
Blue represents the desire of the people to live under a peaceful sky, and orange represents creative talent and a hardworking nation.
History of flag
The first Armenian flag dates back to about 190 BC. At that time, the Artaxerxes family designed a flag with a crimson background, two eagles, and an eight-pointed star in the middle.
After that, following the wars and aspirations of the Roman, Iranian, Ottoman, and Russian emperors, and following the political changes in this country, its flag also underwent changes.
The flag of the Parthian dynasty of Armenia, the flag of the Bagratuni dynasty of Armenia, the flag of the Kingdom of Cilicia, the flag of the Ruben dynasty, the royal flag of Khachen, the flag of the Hetumi dynasty and the flag of the Lusignan dynasty are some types of Armenian flags.
These flags were used in Armenia from 189 BC to 1375 AD.
In modern times, the Armenian flag under the influence and domination of the scattered Armenian population, Western Armenia under the rule of the Byzantine Empire, and the Federal Democratic Republic of the Caucasus underwent changes.
However, the first flag of Armenia was designed as the first flag of the Republic of Armenia in February 1918 and consisted of three horizontal stripes in red, blue, and orange.
Nevertheless, four years later, in 1922, with the formation of the Soviet Union, the Armenian flag, taken from the Soviet socialist and communist rule, turned red with a sickle and a hammer.
This flag remained until the collapse of the Soviet Union until after the collapse of the Soviet Union and on August 24, 1990, the current flag of Armenia was recognized.
Symbolize and the colors
The concept of the colors of the Armenian flag reflects the adventurous history of this country.
The flag of Armenia is 1: 2 and rectangular and consists of horizontal stripes of red, blue, and orange. Stepan Malkhasyants designed the flag.
There is another type of Armenian flag with the national emblem of Armenia in the middle.
The national emblem of Armenia consists of an eagle and a lion clinging together. This flag was also recognized as another national flag of Armenia in 2010.
The Armenian government celebrated June 15 as National Flag Day each year. The first year of National Flag Day took place on June 15, 2010.
On this day, the law on the national flag of Armenia discovered. You can see the Armenian flag in any corner of the country.
Also on other days of the year such as New Year’s Day, Christmas, International Mother’s Day, Independence Day, and Spitak Earthquake Remembrance Day, the Armenian flag can be seen anywhere in cities and buildings.
The Armenian flag can be seen above government buildings, military buildings, and even the balconies of houses.
Armenia Flag Color Codes
National Flag Days
Armenia celebrates June 15 each year as the National Flag Day. This is the day the parliament passed the law on the Armenian national flag on June 15, 2006.
However, the first celebration of the Armenian tricolor flag took place in 2010.
This flag can be seen everywhere today, in government buildings, embassies and even from the balconies and windows of residential houses.
The government is legally required to display the national flag in the following days:
- New Year (January 1-2)
- Christmas (January 6)
- International Women’s Day (March 8)
- Motherhood and Beauty Day (April 7)
- World Workers’ Solidarity Day (May 1)
- Victory and Peace Day (May 9)
- First Day of the Republic of Armenia (May 28)
- Constitution Day (July 5)
- Independence Day (September 21)
- Spitak Earthquake Remembrance Day (December 7)
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About the Republic of Armenia
Armenia is located in the South Caucasus, which borders Georgia to the north and the Republic of Azerbaijan to the east.
The country generally geographically includes three regions. Greater Armenia, Little Armenia and New Armenia.
If you look at the history of Armenia, big and small, you will remember ancient Armenia.
Armenia is larger than the other two regions and includes 15 important states.
History of Armenia
The history of Armenia is in fact a remnant of the history of the Armenian people on the Armenian plateau.
It seems to have been the birthplace and homeland of the Armenian people of Armenia and then over time, the people of other parts have joined them.
They knew that the name of Armenia first seen in an inscription of Darius I and then over time its name changed to present-day Armenia; After Iran, the Soviet Union came to dominate Armenia.
Finally, the country gained independence in 1991 and the Republic of Armenia was formed.
The people of Armenia speak Armenian. This language can mention as one of the Indo-European languages that used in the Caucasus region, especially in Armenia, Artskhan, and other countries that include the Armenian population.
Although the people of this land speak Armenian, untill the end of the fourth century their script was Syrian or Greek.
Until 405 AD, an Armenian clergyman named Masrob Mashtots invented the Armenian writing system and introduced the alphabet for the first time.
It may be interesting to know that languages also have families; scientists discovered this phenomenon and were able to find the homogeneity of different languages, their relationship, and their position to each other.
For example, Greek, Albanian, Iranian, Armenian, and Albanian are all from the same family.
The Armenian language attracted the attention of many linguists for its origins.
Until extensive research revealed that it was an independent branch of Indo-European language.
In general, the Armenian language has a very long literary history, which can call the oldest and most enduring text of the translated version of the Bible in the fifth century AD.
The vocabulary of this language historically inspired by the language of the Iranians, especially the Parthians, a little Greek, Persian and Syrian.
Armenian culture and customs
The country is very rich in culture and most of its inhabitants are Armenians.
Of course, although there are few immigrants from European countries and Russia, the people of this country after agriculture and secession from Russia to turn to agriculture and this industry developed.
Traditionalism is so common in the culture of these people that it is quite visible in the type of clothing and socializing between men and women.
They are kind and generous people who welcome their guests with kindness and a trip to Armenia can definitely leave a happy memory in your mind.