Flag of Alberta province, Canada


The Alberta flag is the official symbol of the province of Alberta, Canada. In 1968, the provincial legislature approved the design of a flag and approved it on June 1, 1968.

This flag has a ratio of 1: 2, while the provincial shield is located in the center of a wonderful blue background. The height of the shield is 7⁄11 of the height of the flag.

Adopted in 1968, the flag of Alberta is an official symbol of the province of Alberta, Canada

Provincial colors, approved in 1984, are blue and gold (deep yellow). They are also referred to as “Alberta blue” and “Alberta gold”, appearing on the flag/shield in the sky/background and wheat background, respectively.

In 2001, a survey conducted by the North American Virological Society (NAVA) ranked the flag of Alberta 35th in design quality out of 72 provincial flags in Canada and the United States.

History


Around the time of the 100th anniversary of the Canadian Federation Conference, petitions were sent to Prime Minister Ernest Charles Manning in November 1966 by Social Aid Women from the Alberta Social Credit Union to give Alberta its unique flag.

This flag was designed and approved by the Alberta legislature on June 1, 1968, as the official flag of the province.

Calgary Flames have previously used the flag as a patch logo on their home and outdoor clothing.

Meaning and colors


Alberta blue and gold are the official colors and were adopted in 1984. The blue represents the sky, and the gold/deep yellow represents the prairies.

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About Alberta province, Canada


Alberta is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. With a 2016 census of 4,067,175, it is the fourth most populous province in Canada and the third most populous province in the Canadian Plains.

Alberta covers an area of approximately 660,000 square kilometers (250,000 square miles).

Also, Alberta is bordered by British Columbia to the west and Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north. And the US state of Montana to the south. Alberta is one of the three provinces and territories of Canada that borders only one US state. It is also one of the only two landlocked provinces in the country.

History


The Paleo Indians arrived in Alberta at least 10,000 years ago, at the end of the last ice age. They are thought to have migrated from Siberia to Alaska on a land bridge across the Bering Strait. Then possibly through Alberta east of the Rocky Mountains to settle on the American continent. Others may have migrated off the coast of British Columbia and then moved inland.

Over time, they migrated to various ethnic groups of the first nations, including the Indian Plains of southern Alberta, such as the Blackfoot and Plains Cree, who generally lived by buffalo hunting, and the northern tribes, such as the Woodland Cree and Chipewyan, who hunted. He trapped and fished for a living.

After the British invaded Canada, about half of Alberta, south of the Athabasca River, became part of Rupert, which included all the land emptied by the rivers into Hudson Bay.

The area granted by Charles II of England to Hudson Bay Company (HBC) in 1670, and rival fur trading companies were not allowed to trade in it.

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Also, the Athabasca River and its northern rivers were not in HBC territory because they dripped into the frozen ocean instead of Hudson Bay and were the main habitat for fur animals.

The first European explorer in the Athabasca area was Peter Pond, who discovered the Methyl Portage, which allowed you to travel from southern rivers to the northern rivers of Rupert. Leather traders formed the North West Company (NWC) of Montreal to compete with HBC in 1779.

The NWC occupied the northern part of Alberta. In 1778, Peter Pond built the Athabasca Castle in Lock Beach. Ten years later, in 1788, Roderick Mackenzie built Chipoyan Castle on Lake Athabasca.

His cousin, Sir Alexander Mackenzie, followed the North Saskatchewan River to the northernmost point near Edmonton, then walked north. , Traveled to the Athabasca River, and followed it to Lake Athabasca.

It was there that the river discovered a huge outlet that bears his name – the Mackenzie River – which followed its outlet into the Arctic Ocean.

Returning to Lake Athabasca, he followed the River of Peace upstream, eventually reaching the Pacific Ocean, thus becoming the first European to cross the North American continent into northern Mexico.

The southern tip of Alberta was part of Louisiana French (and Spanish) territory sold to the United States in 1803. In 1818, the Louisiana section north of the forty-ninth parallel ceded to Britain.

Fort Chipewyan, a commercial and central hub for the Hudson Bay Company in 1820.

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The fur trade expanded to the north, but bloody battles broke out between rivals HBC and NWC, and in 1821 the British government forced them to merge to stop the war.

The Hudson Bay Bay Company in Alberta dominated the business until 1870 when the newly formed Canadian government bought Rupert’s Land. Northern Alberta was located in the Northwest Territories until 1870, when it became the Rupert Territories and the Northwest Territories of Canada.

The region of Alberta created in 1882 as part of the Northwest Territories. As settlements increased, local representatives added to the Northwest Legislative Assembly.

After a long campaign for autonomy, in 1905 the Alberta area enlarged and ceded to the province, with Alexander Cameron Rutherford elected Prime Minister.

Less than a decade later, World War I posed particular challenges for the new province as large numbers of labor volunteers left relatively few to maintain services and production. More than 50% of Alberta physicians volunteer to serve abroad.

Economy


The province of Alberta is oil-rich.

Alberta is the westernmost of Canada’s three plateau provinces. Alberta is an energy province with rapid growth and a population of 3.3 million.

Most of the population is located in the two major cities of the province, Edmonton (which is the capital of the province) and Calgary, with a population of over one million each.

Despite being a world leader in the oil and gas industry, Alberta continues to host a growing and diverse industry as well as economic services.

Thanks to the opportunities offered by this growing economy, Alberta has become one of the most important destinations for immigrants to Canada.

Today, Alberta arguably Canada’s most prosperous provincial economy and is worldwide for its high quality of life. GDP per capita in 2007 was the highest among Canadian provinces at $ 74,825.

According to the 2006 census, the average annual household income after tax was $ 70,986.

Alberta flag over more than sixty years old map pointing Edmonton city. Shallow depth of field

Culture


Summer brings many festivals to Alberta, especially in Edmonton. The Edmonton Marginal Festival is the second largest world festival after the Edinburgh Festival.

Both Calgary and Edmonton host a number of festivals and events each year, including local music festivals.

More than 70 ethnic groups participate in the city’s “Heritage Days” festival. Churchill Square Edmonton hosts many festivals, including:

the great Edmonton Festival of Taste and Art and Design during the summer months.

Cultural artisans live in line with the western rodeo tradition, creating unique handicrafts from Alberta’s Western heritage.

An ice hockey game between Calgary Flames and Edmonton Oilers, two teams in the National Hockey League

Banff Center hosts other festivals and events, including the International Mountain Film Festival. These cultural events in Alberta highlight the province’s cultural diversity.

In 2019, the then Minister of Culture and Tourism, Ricardo Miranda, announced the Alberta Artist in Residence program in connection with the first month of the province’s artists to celebrate the arts and the value they offer to the province, socially and economically.

The artist selected each year through a public process. It expected to work at the community level and participate in art promotion events throughout the province.

The prize comes with a $ 60,000 budget, which includes travel and materials. On January 31, 2019, Lauren Chrysbol selected as Alberta’s first resident artist. Alberta is the first province to launch the Artist in Residence program in Canada.

Geography


Its center is Edmonton, its most important city is Calgary. The city of Banff is one of the sights of this province. Alberta covers an area of ​​661,848 square kilometers.

And after Quebec, Ontario, British Columbia is in fourth place. The Rocky Mountains are located in western Alberta. There are many rivers, springs, and lakes in this province. It is a source of water as well as good vegetation.

Alberta’s three largest lakes are Lake Claire, Lesser Slave Lake, and Lake Athabasca.

The longest river in the province is the Athabasca River, which originates in the Rocky Mountains. Edmonton (capital of Alberta) is located on the northern tip of Canada, close to major oil resources. Located south of Edmonton, 280 miles (170 miles) from Calgary. More than 75% of Alberta’s population lives in these two cities.

Alberta has 4 climatic sections: mountainous, northern forest, park, and plain. In central and northern Alberta, you will see anemone and sunflower flowers in the spring. Also in the forest, you will see spruce, willow, pine, and trees with autumn leaves.

Horned buffalo are abundant in these plains. Other herbivores include reindeer, white deer, sheep, rabbits, and squirrels. Carnivorous animals such as gray and black bears are also in mountainous areas with abundant trees.

Alberta is one of the few provinces free of mice. This was after the 1950 control program and agricultural pest control to minimize damage to Alberta’s large farms.

Geographically location of Alberta

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